Qin and han


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Qin and han

  1. 1.
  2. 2. China in the Qin and Han Dynasty<br />China Unifies and gets on with life<br />
  3. 3. Legalist Thinkers<br />Shang Yang (390-338 BCE), The Book of the Lord Shang<br />Han Feizi (280-233 BCE)<br />Forced to commit suicide by Li Si<br />Li Si was his partner in philosophy and became the advisor to the first Emperor of the Qin.<br />He didn’t want a rival out there, so he “took care of it”<br />Two strengths of the Legalist state<br />Agriculture<br />Military<br />Emphasized development of peasant, soldier classes<br />Distrust of pure intellectual, cultural pursuits<br />Historically, often imitated but rarely praised<br />
  4. 4. Qin (Chin) Dynasty<br />Founded by Qin Shihuangdi (QSHD); base was land grants from Lord Shang Yang<br />Lasts from 221-206 BCE<br />Short, but sets precedents and has massive impact<br />Creates centralized bureaucracy<br />Government is run by a web of civil servants, each with a supervisor. At the center of the web is the Emperor who makes all final decisions. Paranoia rules.<br />
  5. 5. Image of Qin Shihuangdi<br />
  6. 6. China under the Qin<br />
  7. 7. Standardization under the Qin<br />Mandated the following be the same throughout the empire:<br />Axel lengths<br />Weights and Measures<br />Writing system<br />Monetary system<br />Thought<br />Why? What benefits come to a leader for doing these things? A country? Would China have unified long term without them?<br />
  8. 8. People don’t go along always<br />Resistance to the Qin is futile…<br />Emperor orders the execution of all critics<br />Hates, hates, H8s Confucians<br />All books are to be burned, except for<br />Agricultural texts<br />Metallurgical texts<br />The loss of culture is huge!<br />
  9. 9. Massive Public Works projects<br />Roads, bridges and a rather important Great Wall<br />Begun during the Qin to protect the kingdom against barbarians.<br />Was a series of walls that were connected<br />Built using conscript labor<br />Over 100,000 died during the construction project and were buried in the wall.<br />
  10. 10. Obsessed with his own tomb<br />700,000 workers conscripted to work on it<br />His slaves, concubines and craftsmen were sacrificed and buried with him and the terra cotta army he ordered to be built to protect him in the after life.<br />Buried from 207-ish BCE until a farmer digging a well in 1974 pulled up a terra cotta head…<br />
  11. 11.
  12. 12.
  13. 13.
  14. 14. End of the Qin<br />Emperor QSHD dies.<br />Likely due to ingesting large quantities of mercury<br />But Li Si covers it up while he tries to dispose of the son.<br />Army revolts, Li Si and son both killed, and chaos breaks out.<br />
  15. 15. Han (Hahn) Dynasty forms<br />Army general Liu Bang forms new government<br />Takes as his family name the name of the river in his village: Han<br />Dynasty runs from 206 BCE-220 CE<br />Brief interruption from 9-24 CE<br />So there is an Early Han and a Later Han…<br />
  16. 16. Early Han<br />Relaxes Qin rules/restrictions, but keeps things orderly—no chaos<br />Set up another bureaucracy, but de-centralized it at first to regional government<br />Quickly re-centralizes once there is a rebellion.<br />
  17. 17. Expansion time<br />Han Wudi (third emperor, rules 141-87BCE) decides to grow the empire’s territory<br />Raises taxes to fund military and other public works.<br />Sets up imperial university for educated civil servants<br />3,000 grows to 300,000 by end of Han Dynasty<br />A military guy, but supports Confucians<br />
  18. 18. Two different images of Han Wu Di<br />
  19. 19. HWD Expansion<br />Invasions of Vietnam, Korea<br />Constant attacks from Xiongnu<br />Nomads from Central Asia<br />Horsemen<br />Brutal: Maodun (210-174 BCE), had soldiers murder his wife, father<br />Han Wudi briefly dominates Xiongnu; abandons policy of appeasement<br />
  20. 20. Han expansion at the time of HWD, ca 87 BCE<br />
  21. 21. Population change in Han Dynasty<br />Population grows rapidly, tripling to 30 minutes<br />Agricultural production takes off<br />Actually grows more than the people can consume.<br />
  22. 22. The end is nigh<br />Overstretch starts out<br />Military is spread along a very long border<br />Costs lots of money to field this army<br />Taxes go up and up<br />To pay for the above.<br />Land confiscated when taxes not paid<br />Gap between haves and have nots grows<br />Slavery increases<br />Banditry and rebellions increase<br />
  23. 23. Wang Mang (9-23 CE)<br />Starts off as a regent for the Han emperor who was a 2 year old child.<br />Kills the kid and takes power for himself.<br />Attempts to enact land reform<br />Resolve some rebellions through redistribution of land on an equal basis.<br />Made things worse.<br />He is killed and eaten by his own troops in 23, Han cousin “restores” Han Dynasty<br />
  24. 24. Later Han Dynasty<br />Later Han emperors crack down on rebellions with varying degrees of success.<br />Yellow Turban Uprising is a big one that nearly ends the dynasty.<br />Royal court gets distracted by internal intrigue<br />Barbarians invade and Han can’t respond<br />Han Dynasty formally ends in 220CE<br />Next 4 centuries, China consists of three kingdoms, each maintaining the traditions of the Han. So they are mini-Han-style Dynasties<br />