Down Syndrome


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  • Hi, this is virtual Teri and my presentation is about Down Syndrome.
  • Normal count is 46 chromosomes: 23 from the mother and 23 from the father. In most cases of Down syndrome, a child gets an extra chromosome 21 — for a total of 47 chromosomes instead of 46.
  • Down Syndrome

    1. 1. Living with<br />Down Syndromeby Teri White-Griffin<br />
    2. 2. Down Syndrome is also calledTrisomy 21<br />Trisomy21 is a congenital condition that makes an extra copy of the 21st chromosome. <br />This extra chromosomecauses mental and physical developmental delays.<br />
    3. 3. Testing for Down Syndromeduring pregnancy<br />It affects about 1 in every 800 babies.<br />Women age 35 and older have a higher risk of having a child with the condition.<br />Amniocentesisis used to detect possible abnormalities in unborn children.<br />
    4. 4. Common physical signs include:<br />Decreased muscle tone at birth<br />Excess skin at the nape of the neck<br />Flattened nose<br />Upward slanting eyes<br />Small ears<br />Small mouth<br />Wide, short hands with short fingers<br />Separated joints between the bones of the skull <br />Single crease in the palm of the hand<br />White spots on the colored part of the eye<br />
    5. 5. Mosaic Down Syndrome<br /> About 2% to 4% of Down syndrome <br />cases are mosaic. <br />Mosaic Down syndrome only affects some cells in the body and the rest of the cells are unaffected. <br />Mosaic Down syndrome can sometimes go undetected, because the person doesn’t have all the physical features.<br />
    6. 6. Currently, there is no cure for Down Syndrome.<br />Treatments are aimed at fixing medical conditions that occur because of the syndrome. <br /> Down Syndrome medical conditions may include:<br />Congenital heart defects<br />Gastrointestinalabnormalities<br />Lymphatic leukemia <br />Eye and ear problems<br />Underactive thyroid<br />Hip and joint problems<br />
    7. 7. Children may have delayed mental and social development.<br />Impulsive behavior<br />Poor judgment<br />Short attention span<br />Slow learning<br />
    8. 8. People with Down syndrome are living longer than ever before.<br /><ul><li>They can live well into the 40s and 50s.
    9. 9. They can live independent and productive lives.</li></ul>Most adults living with Down Syndrome have an increased risk of dementia.<br />
    10. 10. The mission of the National Down Syndrome Society is to be an advocate for the value, acceptance and inclusion of people with Down syndrome.<br />National Down Syndrome Society or NDSS has provided more than $3 million towards direct research.<br />Indiana Down Syndrome participates in the NDSS sponsored Buddy Walk campaign to raise money for Down Syndrome research.<br />
    11. 11. Down Syndrome Indiana offers a number of programs and services on their website. <br />       New Parent Information & Resource Packets<br />        Support for research and advocacy<br />        Financial assistance for youth who attend Camp<br />        Informational and Educational Conferences<br />        Parent Support Groups<br />        Mom’s Night Out events<br />        Family Picnics<br />        Self Advocates meetings and social activities<br />
    12. 12. Raising Awareness<br /> Early childhood education will help with <br />community inclusion. <br /> Click this video from the NDSS to see an example. Please wait for the file to load.<br />
    13. 13. Chart of word parts and combining forms (CF)<br />
    14. 14. References:<br />The National Down Syndrome Society Website:<br />Down Syndrome Indiana Website:<br />Kids Health Website:<br />Medicine Plus Website:<br />Dorlan, W.A Newman, Dorland’s pocket 28th Edition Medical Dictionary Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders, 2009<br />Images:<br />http:<br />http:<br />http:<br />http:<br />http:<br /><br /><br />