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DEAF CULTURE ONLINE WEEK 1 – PPT #3 Toby Welch | ASL Professor
INTRODUCTION• Remember the iceberg. Now we are swimming into water and see the bottom of iceberg and learn more about Deaf culture.• Note: I will quote some books on Deaf culture. It means it is important information from books.
BEHAVIORS IN DEAF CULTUREdefines “culture” as a set of Welch’s Note: I want tolearned behaviors of a group discuss on aof people that share a language, values, rules forlanguage, values, rules for behavior, and traditions.behavior, and traditions.
A LANGUAGEWelch’s Note: there are many We, d/Deaf people, are facing stronglylanguages we have, for trial by hearing people who do not knowexample, English, Spanish, Russia, Frenc about Deaf culture that they decided toh, American, etc. In Deaf create some languages other than ASL.community, there is only one language: They scare me and I worry about todayAmerican Sign Language (ASL). and future for Deaf people. I am withUnfortunately for d/Deaf people and George Veditz that “George Veditzagreed with Padden and Humphries’ worried in 1913 about the future of signcomment in book, “We often feel language, and still in 2004, we worry”besieged, controlled, and Carol A. Padden;Tom L. Humphries.patronized, even as our remarkable sign Inside Deaf Culture (p. 7)). The reasonlanguage is celebrated and admired in for hearing people changed ourpublic” (Carol A. Padden;Tom L. language is because “for hearingHumphries. Inside Deaf Culture (p. 7)). people, “silent” represents the dark side of Deaf people” (Harlan Lane. The Mask of Benevolence (p. 7). They are trying to convert us to be a normal like hearing people. That is why they are working so hard on d/Deaf people in different language.
A LANGUAGEWelch’s Note: Hearing people created MCE used in North America ~languages for d/Deaf people. The languages • Signed English (SE) – Americanare: • Seeing Essential English (SEE1)Spoken language (oralism) • Signing Exact English (SEE2)Signed Exact English (SEE, SEE 1, & SEE 2) • Linguistics of Visual English (LOVE)Visual Phonic • Conceptually Accurate Signed EnglishFairview (CASE) • Rochester MethodManually Coded English (MCE) used Non-MCE ~globally: • American Sign Language• Fingerspelling• Signed English• Contact Language (Pidgin Sign English (PSE)),• Sign Supported Speech (SSS)• Simultaneous Communication or Sim- Com• Cued Speech
A LANGUAGEWelch’s Note: Deaf people’s However, many hearing peoplefirst language is American Sign HATE ASL and decided to useLanguage (ASL) and second oralism, visual phonics andlanguage is English. That’s why others relate to oral because ofDeaf education is declining English. They believe ASL is notdue to language. The reason helping d/Deaf people withthey created different English. They also againstlanguage is because they DO bilingual, using two languages.NOT know the bottom of I personal not against Englishiceberg but only top of it. because it is what we areYes, unfortunately. reading everywhere. But to use language for conversation is ASL.
ARTS, BY MARY THORNLEYSee the art. Tell me whatyou think of it. Pleasediscuss in discussionforum.Source:http://www.rit.edu/ntid/dccs/dada/dada.htm
VALUES/BELIEFSWelch’s Note: 2. Deaf communities strongly1. One language: ASL and sign oppose discrimination againstlangauge and nothing else. It is deaf people.their first language. They allhave common in sign language 3. Deaf culture in the Unitedand not spoken language. States tends to be collectivistWhen you see Deaf rather than individualist;people, what do you see? Sign culturally Deaf people valuelanguage (hands movements) the group.*rather than spoken language *Mindess, Anna (2006).(hands non-movement). Reading Between the Signs: Intercultural Communication for Sign Language Interpreters
RULE FOR BEHAVIORSWelch’s Note: 4. Relying on visual only. When1. Deaf people tend to make describing anything, they tendany noise such as grunt, yell to use graphics such as detailsand scream. It is nothing about anything. Forwrong with it. Most of Deaf example, they would describepeople cannot hear a person: athemselves and make noise fat, short, mustache, tattoowith voice. That’s normal for on arm, short and shirt, shoesthem. with black sock, etc., etc. Sometime more graphics in sex, blood stuff, and anything.2. Required to say goodbye It is because they rely onwhen leaves. visual to help them get a picture clearly what they talk3. Share any information about it.
RULE FOR BEHAVIORSWelch’s Note: 8. Culturally Deaf people have rules5. Ask any personal question. of etiquette for getting attention, walking through signed conversations, leave-taking, and6. Blunt (sometime it offensives to otherwise politely negotiating ahearing people). “Deaf people may signing environmentbe more direct or blunt than their (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deaf_hearing counterparts” culture).(Mindess, Anna (2006). ReadingBetween the Signs: InterculturalCommunication for Sign Language 9. Deaf people also keep each otherInterpreters). informed of what is going on in ones environment. It is common to provide detailed information when7. Physical touches such as hug, tap leaving early or arriving late;for attentive, withholding such information may be considered rude (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deaf_ culture).
RULE FOR BEHAVIORSWelch’s Note: 11. Deaf people may also consider10. When giving introductions, Deaf time differently. Showing up earlypeople typically try to find common to large scale events, such asground; since the Deaf community is lectures, is typical. This may berelatively small, Deaf people usually motivated by the need to get a seatknow some other Deaf people in that provides the best visual claritycommon. “The search for for the deaf person. Deaf peopleconnections is the search for may also be late to social events.connectedness”(Mindess, Anna However, at Deaf social events such(2006). Reading Between the Signs: as parties, it is common for DeafIntercultural Communication for people to stay for elongatedSign Language Interpreters). amounts of time, for the solidarity and conversations at social gatherings are valued by Deaf people (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deaf_ culture).
TRADITIONSWelch’s Note: I don’t know what will happen inGeorge Veditz worried about a future. I believe Deaf populationrising drumbeat of intolerance will be always here even thoughfor sign language and urged us to stem cell method, cochlearpreserve the language "for implanted and other medical tocoming generations of Deaf cure deaf are present. But wepeople." Deaf people carried out have a goal for d/Deaf populationhis mission and preserved the is to keep ASL and culture alive.sign language for a century more(Carol A. Padden;Tom L.Humphries. Inside Deaf Culture(p. 10). Kindle Edition. ).It is important for Deaf people tokeep ASL, culture and communityfrom past, present and future.
QUESTIONWelch’s Note: I decided to give you anAny question about this ppt exam on Monday. It will#3? Please do ask and open all day but will close atdiscuss in discussion forum! 9 pm. For you withOne more ppt before exam accommodation, it will openwill be uploading tomorrow on Tuesday all day and closeor Sunday. I will discuss on at 9 pm.bilingual and Deafhood. I will create a discussionMaybe other subject. forum to review and discuss on exam #1 tomorrow. We can discuss this from tomorrow till Sunday evening.