Technology integration is crucial in science and math because it allows students to build conceptual knowledge.
[After this activity] Although we know the importance of integrating technology, there are issues that make technology integration challenging in both math and science.
Accountability for Standards: The primary resource and guide for all mathematics education is NCTM (National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. 6 crucial principles related to all school mathematics programs that enhance student learning: equity, curriculum, teaching, learning, assessment, and technology There are a total of 10 standards for Pre-K through 12th grade: 5 content standards (numbers and operations, algebra/geometry, measurement, data analysis, probability) and 5 process standards (problem solving, reasoning and proof, communication, connections, representations) These principles and standards guide how to prepare students with the mathematical knowledge for a highly technological society & workplace Implementing the Principles and Standards for School Mathematics The previous mentioned standards call for teachers to change their teaching styles Technology makes learning more student-centered Technology allows for more visualization and makes the abstract more concrete 3 Implications for the Selection & Use of Technology in Math Education Appropriate combination of on & off computer activities Math tool not a pedagogical tool Tool for developing student thinking Accomplish these goals by using computer software and apps that engage students in meaningful problems & projects for long periods of time; must have coherence. Math Wars: Directed vs. Constructivist Teaching Strategies Constructivist teaching is student-centered teaching (group work, hands-on projects, discussions) Technologies available to support either method but approach by the teacher determines the integration strategies On-going debate between the two methods of instruction
Bridge the Gap between Abstract and Concrete virtual manipulatives (National Library of Virtual Manipulatives website) Representation of Mathematical Principles visual depiction of abstract math concepts (graphing calculators) Mathematical Problem Solving gather data to use; apply math to real-life situations (Geometer’s Sketchpad) Data-Driven Curricula use statistics to support investigations (U.S. Census website, Microsoft Excel spreadsheets) Math Related Communication social interactions; content math experts; sites for extra help (Ask Dr. Math) Skill Building and Practice guided instruction; motivates practice (tutor.com, www.homeworkla.org)
Accountability for Standards National research Council (NRC) published the National Science Educational Standards (NSES) in 1996. These are the guidelines for assessing student learning in science; teaching strategies, teacher PD, support for high-quality science education Promote inquiry-oriented science instriction; which is where technology can play an important and integral role Students can use innovative technology tools and resources such as search engines, databases, model building software, & handheld technologies as data collection tools to engage in real-world investigations and communicate their findings Narrowing Pipeline of Scientific Talent STEM Intiatives to provide long-term economic & national security Need for Scientific Literacy Scientifically literate to make informed decisions that affect our country’s future Difficulties in Teaching K-8 Difficulty tecahing science at early levels due to teacher’s lack of deep understanding Soulution Provide on-line PD opportunities Objections to Virtual Science Labs Doing science (hand-on) rather than hearing about it Virtual schools computer simulations Solution provide school lab experiences
Authentic Online Projects Active scientific investigations improves students attitudes and understanding of scientific concepts Gives students experience with the scientific approach (asking questions, researchable hypotheses, collecting and analyzing data, communicating results) Scientific Inquiry Support Teachers do not allows have time to commit to long-term projects that encompass the entire scientific process. However, various technologies can provide support for specific elements of the scientific inquiry process. Support Science Skills and Concepts Learning On-line science lessons and games can provide motivational ways to supplement hands-on instruction Engineering Through Robotics Robotics allows for technology and engineering to be taught through science classes NASA is an excellent resource for lessons and competitions. Accessing Science Information and Tools The Internet is an unlimited source of data for classroom experiments and investigations, camps and competitions, and up-to-date science infprmation.
Science and Mathematics Knowledge Math and science content constantly changes and teachers must constantly keep current on these changes. Crucial for early education teachers to become content experts in math and science. Pedagogical Knowledge Teachers are challenged to find the most effective, engaging, and motivational way to teach math and science while raising achievement. Online pedagogy is the most challenging and research is still being conducted on teaching practices for virtual environments. Schools are challenged by providing authentic learning experiences and preparing students for high-stakes testing. Technology Knowledge Teachers must become masters of the technology tools for science and math. They must become experts of virtual manipulatives, graphing calculators, spreadsheets, etc. Must learn how to use distance education tools also to stay updated on their content and pedagogy.
Transcript of "Teaching and Learning with Technology in Mathematics & Science Instruction"
1.
Teaching and Learning with
Technology in Mathematics
and Science Instruction
Presenter: Tonette Washington
EDLD 590
2.
Presentation Outcomes:
• Recognize the implications for technology integration of each
current issue faced by mathematics teacher.
• Create key strategies for integrating technology into
mathematics curricula.
• Recognize the implications for technology integration of each
current issue faced by science teacher.
• Create key strategies for integrating technology into
mathematics curricula.
• Analyze given scenarios to identify examples of Tech-PACK
needs and challenges that are specific to mathematics and
science teachers.
3.
Sharing & Engagement Activity
Each individual needs to think of at least
one strategy that he/she uses or would use
to incorporate technology into science and
math instruction.
4.
Issues and Problems in
Mathematics Instruction
1)Accountability for Standards
2)Implementing the Principles and
Standards for School Mathematics
3)Math Wars: Directed vs.
Constructivist Teaching Strategies
5.
Technology Integration
Strategies for Mathematics
Instruction
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Bridge the Gap between Abstract and Concrete
Representation of Mathematical Principles
Mathematical Problem Solving
Data-Driven Curricula
Math Related Communication
Skill Building and Practice
6.
Issues and Problems in Science
Instruction
1)Accountability for Standards
2)Narrowing Pipeline of Scientific Talent
3)Need for Scientific Literacy
4)Difficulties in Teaching K-8
5)Objections to Virtual Science Labs
7.
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Technology Integration
Strategies for Science
Instruction
Authentic Online Projects
Scientific Inquiry Support
Support Science Skills and Concepts Learning
Engineering Through Robotics
Accessing Science Information and Tools
8.
Tech-PACK Needs and
Challenges in Mathematics and
Science Instruction
Teachers must be equipped with a combination of:
– Science and Mathematics Knowledge
– Pedagogical Knowledge
– Technology Knowledge
9.
Top 5 Mathematics Strategies
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Graphing Calculators
Interactive Geometry Software
Spreadsheets for Data
Virtual Manipulatives
Computer Algebra Systems (CAS)
10.
Top 5 Science Strategies
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Online Programs for Scientific Inquiry
Computer-based and Online Simulations
Calculator-based Labs
GPS and GIS tools
Robotics Contests
11.
Discussion and Reflection
• How can technology integration be used in
explicit and teacher-directed instruction?
• How can technology integration be used in
constructivist instruction?
• Are there ways to combine both methods
of instruction and integrate technology?
12.
References
Doering, A. H. and Roblyer, M. D. (2013).
Integrating Educational Technology into
Teaching (6th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson
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