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Constructivism by Tani

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  • 1. Constructivism
    By Tani
  • 2. What is Constructivism?
    Based on a type of learning in which the learner forms, or constructs, much of what he comprehends
    Constructivists agree that students learn by doing
    Learning is an active, constructive process, and the learner is an information constructor
    New information is linked to prior knowledge
  • 3. Key People
    Jean Piaget
    Jerome Bruner
    Lev Vygotsky
    John Dewey
  • 4. Key People
    Jean Piaget
    Psychologist who observed children for many years
    Believed children think very differently from adults
    4 cognitive stages:
    1. sensorimotor when learning takes place primarily through the child’s senses and motor actions (egocentric)
    2. preoperational  children begin to use symbols and images (egocentric)
    3. concrete operational  children begin to think logically
    4. formal operational  children transition from concrete thinking to more abstract
    While children learn, they create schema cognitive understanding or development at any given time
  • 5. Key People
    Jerome Bruner
    Proposed that learning is an active process in which the learner constructs new ideas or concepts based on his current knowledge
    Believed learners are actively engaged in the learning process
    Discovery learning inquiry-based; takes place in problem solving situations where the learner draws on his own past experience and existing knowledge to discover facts and relationships and new truths to be learned
    Explore and manipulate objects
    Wrestle with questions and controversies
    Perform experiments
  • 6. Key People
    Lev Vygotsky
    Educational psychologist interested in children’s cognitive development
    Developed social cognition theory social interaction precedes development; consciousness and cognition are the end product of socialization and social behavior
    Zone of proximal development the distance between a student’s ability to perform a task under adult guidance and/or with peer collaboration and the student’s ability solving the problem independently
    Vygotsky encouraged collaborative learning
  • 7. Key People
    John Dewey
    An educational psychologist, philosopher, and political activist
    The “Father of American Education”
    An advocate for child-centered instruction and educational reform
    Viewed school as a community and an extension of society
    Began the Laboratory School in 1896 (also known as the Dewey School)
    Progressive education educating the whole child – physically, mentally, and socially
  • 8. Classroom Implications: Teacher.What does the teacher do under this theory?
    Constructivism is student-centered. So the teacher plays the role of facilitator, encouraging and engaging students.
    With technology
    Because constructivism is student-centered, teachers can create technology-based activities such as using Web Quests, scavenger hunts, curriculum pages, and computer game activities
    Without technology
    The teacher can create experiments, arts-and-crafts projects, and worksheets that allow students to be actively engaged. Technology isn’t a necessity in activities such as these.
  • 9. Classroom Implications: Student.What does the student do under this theory?
    Students serve as “constructors” and active learners.
    With technology
    Students could engage in activities such as instructional computer games or perform a search on the Internet.
    Without technology
    Because technology is not a factor, students may be better off working together in collaborate groups to complete a task, such as a worksheet. This would keep them actively engaged.
    In reading lessons, students could create their own reading questions and try finding their own solutions
  • 10. Constructivism:For my own teaching
    I believe that constructivism is a viable theory for my classroom. To integrate it into my teaching:
    I would create collaborate group-based activities
    Technology would be important in keeping my students engaged, interested, and involved
    Many lessons and activities would be hands-on learning experiences
    Worksheets would require critical-thinking and analysis skills
    Students would construct their own questions and try to find the answers on their own
  • 11. Credits
    Textbook: Teachers Discovering Computers: Integrating Technology and Digital Media in the Classroom 5th ed.
    First image: http://www.GraphicsHunt.com
    Second image: PowerPoint Clip Gallery
    Third image: http://www.piaget.org/aboutPiaget.html
    Fourth image: http://bruner.socialpsychology.org/countProfile.php?username=bruner
    Fifth image: http://faculty.weber.edu/pstewart/6030/6030.html
    Sixth image: http://www.cals.ncsu.edu/agexed/aee501/dewey.html