Legal solutions for open data:(some options) Creative Commons ● CC0 and public domain assertion tool ● CC licenses --> only CC-BY or CC-BY-SA Open Data Commons ● Public Domain Dedication and License (PDDL) ● Attribution only (Open Data Commons - BY) ● Open Database License (ODbL) (+ DbCL)
Six CC licences ● Attribution (BY) ● Attribution | No Derivatives (BY-ND) ● Attribution | Non-Commercial | No Derivatives (BY-NC-ND) ● Attribution | Non-Commercial (BY-NC) ● Attribution | Non-Commercial | Share Alike (BY-NC-SA) ● Attribution | Share Alike (BY-SA)
Creative Commons and open data[bases] ● Develops, supports, stewards legal and tech infrastructure for sharing on web ● 2010: 400M ● includes licensing and PD solutions for data[bases] ● people have licensed data[bases] under CC since 2001
Why the extra care about data[bases] now? ● explosion in data sharing; if permitted uses not clear, chaos rules ● in general increasing adoption of licensing solutions for data[bases] ○ CC licenses, CC0, PDDL, ODC-BY, ODbL ● primary threat = not sharing/proprietary data ● what should CCs role be? shift from tool supplier to commons steward ● if yes, put global scalability, interoperability, standards at front
Ongoing interoperability challenges ● incompatible open licenses (copyleft mostly) ● proliferation of semi-custom terms ● use of non-open public licenses (NC, ND) ● no licensing, ad hoc sharing, no sharing...and related ● CC licenses inadequately address sui generis database rights; thus entered ODC, OGL, etc. ● communications/perception problem that CC not appropriate for data ● many agree: publicly funded science should be PD
CC license version 4.0 ● process starting soon; need your help ● will address big and small; "future proof" the licenses ● top of interoperability "fix list" is sui generis db rights handling ● licensing db rights, like copyright, to extent applies-- this is one option, and needs extreme care ● many CC affiliate stakeholders ● Warsaw Sept 2011 = CC Global Summit
Open Data Licensing OKCon 2011, Berlin, 1st JulyJordan Hatcher Timothy Vollmer Open Data Commons
Farmhouse with Silos HDR by ajagendorf25 CC-BYhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/ajagendorf25/3033960008/Question mark and arrowCC-BY laurkgibbshttp://www.flickr.com/photos/38299630@N05/3635356091/All other trademarks are copyright / trademark their respective owners. Some works mayappear here under exceptions or exclusions to copyright and trademark law such as fair use /fair dealing and are not covered by the CC license over this work and these exclusions orexceptions may not apply to you.