Homonyms Homonyms are wordswhich are identical in soundand spelling or at least in oneof those aspects in theirmeaning. Traditionally, thereare three types of homonyms.
Homonyms proper: Words that have the same spelling and same pronunciation, but different meanings. Example: I hope you are not lying to me. My books are lying on the table. Homographs: Words that have the same spelling, but different pronunciations and meanings. Example: The dove is a white bird. He dove into the pool Homophones: Words that have the same pronunciation, but different spelling and different meanings. Example: Please try not to (waste, waist) paper.
Some linguists classified homonyms intotwo larger classes: - Full homonyms - Partial homonyms1. Full lexical homonyms: to found – found /past form of find/ to lay – lay /past form of lie/2. Complex lexico-grammatical partialhomonyms: left/right/ - left/to leave/ rose(n) – rose(v.to win)3. Partial lexixal homonyms: to can (canned) – can (could)
Homonyms Homophones Homographs Same spelling,multiple meaning words Words that sound alike different pronunciation, different meaningsthe spruce tree... addition for math desert = abandonto spruce up... edition of a book desert = area of land I want to gosuit yourself... bass = fish I like it toowore a suit... bass = instrument One plus one is twoweigh on the scale... capitol building close = nearbyscale the wall... state capital close = to shut