TYPES OF HOUSES and BUILDINGS Danica Kubi Hugo Treffner Gymansium
A detached house
It is a free-standing residential building.
Generally found in less dense urban areas , the suburbs of cities, and rural areas .
Surrounded by a garden .
Garages can also be found on most lots.
A semi-detached house
They consist of pairs of houses built side by side as units
They share a party wall
Usually each house's layout is a mirror image of its twin
Symbolic of the suburbanisation of the United Kingdom and Ireland
This type of housing is a half-way state between terraced and detached houses.
Terraced houses A terrace(d) or row house , is a style of housing in use since the late 17th century . A row of identical or mirror-image houses share side walls. The first and last of these houses is called an end terrace .
Royal Crescent in Bath
Terraced houses at Fortuneswell, Dorset, UK
Cottages A cottage is a dwelling, typically in a rural (sometimes village), or semi-rural location. It is usually one and a half storey property.
A bungalow is a house which is all on ground level. Traditionally small, but today it can be quite large.
Block of flats A red brick apartment block in East London, England , on the north bank of the Thames
A block of flats (BrE) or an apartment building (AmE) is a multi-unit dwelling made up of several apartments (US) or flats (UK)
If the building is a high-rise construction, it is termed a tower block in the UK
A penthouse is a very expnesive apartment on the top floor of the building
Often occupies the entire floor
May have a private entrance or lift
Associated with a luxury lifestyle
British English a house that you use or rent while you are on holiday
a big house in the country with a large garden
an ancient Roman house or farm with land surrounding it
A mansion - häärber
A mansion is a very large and stately dwelling house for the wealthy.
A country house
The English country house is generally a large house or mansion
It was a weekend retreat for aristocrats as well as a full time residence for some aristocrats and for the minor gentry (maa-aadel)
It has at least 25 rooms and at least 8,000 square feet (740 m²) of floor space, including service rooms.
Built at different ages and in various architectural styles.
A stately home
These houses became a status symbol for the great families of England.
Country houses and stately homes are sometimes confused —while a country house is always in the country, a stately home can also be in a town.
A townhouse Leinster House , 18th century Dublin townhouse of the Duke of Leinster. It is now the seat of parliament
Historically in UK and Ireland, a townhouse (or a "house in town") was a residence of a peer or member of the aristocracy in the capital or major city.
Most such figures owned one or more country houses in which they lived for much of the year.
They moved to town when the Parliament was in session
In the United Kingdom and Ireland most townhouses were terraced .
Only a small minority, generally the largest, were detached.
Even aristocrats whose country houses had grounds of hundreds of acres, often lived in terraced houses in town.
Henrietta Street , it contains some of the oldest and largest Georgian townhouses in Dublin.
A mobile home BrE a large caravan which always stays in the same place and is used as a house
Caravan BrE a vehicle that a car can pull and in which people can live and sleep when they are on holiday = AmE trailer
Stilt houses in Cempa, located in the Lingga Islands of Indonesia
Stilt houses or pile dwellings are houses raised on piles over the surface of the soil or a body of water
Todat stilt houses are still common in parts of South East Asia , Papua New Guinea and West Africa .
A wigwam It is a single room dwelling used by certain Native American tribes.
A tipi (also teepee , tepee ) is a conical tent originally made of animal skins or birch bark
Popularized by the American Indians of the Great Plains
The dwelling was remarkably durable, and gave warmth and comfort during harsh winters, it was dry during heavy rains, and cool during the heat of summers.
An igloo , translated sometimes as snowhouse , is a shelter constructed from blocks of snow, generally in the form of a DOME
Predominantly constructed by people of Canada 's Central Arctic and Greenlands Thule area.
Houseboats It is a boat that has been designed to be used primarily as a human dwelling . Some are not motorised, because they are usually kept stationary at a fixed point.
A chalet a house with a steep sloping roof, common in places with high mountains and snow , such as Switzerland
Tree houses a wooden structure built in the branches of a tree for children to play in
A log cabin
Dormitory especially BrE a large room for several people to sleep in, for example in a boarding school or hostel AmE a large building at a college or university where students live [= HALL OF RESIDENCE BrE ]
Bed-sit BrE a rented room used for both living and sleeping in
( AmE ) one apartment in a building with several apartments, each of which is owned by the people living in it
Monastery / Convent monasteries - a place where monks live convent - a building or set of buildings where nuns live
Front doors in Britain
Front doors in Ireland
French windows a pair of doors made mostly of glass, usually opening onto a garden or balcony
Sash windows a window consisting of two frames that you open by sliding one up or down, behind or in front of the other
Bay window a window that sticks out from the wall of a house, usually with glass on three sides
a large window made of a single piece of glass
Rose window / stained glass windows
a circular window in a church, especially one with coloured glass in it