Changes, or symptoms thereof, in scholarly
communication in Japan
Syun Tutiya
National Institution for Academic Degrees an...
An outline of my observations
1. Library’s role in scholarly communication being
undermined in Japan, maybe wiped away soo...
Basic figures
R & D expenditure: 17T JPY, 3rd to US and China,
with 4 to 5 from government
Government funding for research:...
Library’s role in schlarly communication being undermined
in Japan
Evidence: Decreasing interlibrary document delivery
req...
General trends in the number of requests
August 13, 2013 5/13
Comparison between the requests for “foreign” and
domestic journal articles
BACK
August 13, 2013 6/13
From Japanese Sceince and Technology Indicators 2013
(released Aug 9)
1. Total research and development expenditure in Jap...
Japan’s popular perception of its S & T, apart from the
release
Japan’s scholarship is getting less productive,
quantitati...
Promotion of open access in Japan in the “secular” sense
Steady but slow progress of institutional repositories,
with whic...
Unconscious acceptance of OA publishing
BACK
August 13, 2013 10/13
The fate of digital library in the country of print
No real STM society publishing in Japan. Surviving
ones partner with “...
The declining Japanese publishing
BACK
August 13, 2013 12/13
Questions rather than conclusions
No conclusion in
particular, but just these
facts, but
Will China produce 10 times as mu...
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Changes, or symptoms thereof, in scholarly communication in Japan, at Singapore 2013, 15th Fiesole Collection Development Retreat on Aug 13, 2013

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The title tells all said. Surprised to learn afterwards that I just repeated the same things as I talked about 6 years ago in the same conference.

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Changes, or symptoms thereof, in scholarly communication in Japan, at Singapore 2013, 15th Fiesole Collection Development Retreat on Aug 13, 2013

  1. 1. Changes, or symptoms thereof, in scholarly communication in Japan Syun Tutiya National Institution for Academic Degrees and University Evaluation August 13, 2013 at Singapore 2013, 15th Fiesole Collection Development Retreat August 13, 2013 1/13
  2. 2. An outline of my observations 1. Library’s role in scholarly communication being undermined in Japan, maybe wiped away soon 2. “Perception” of diclining productivity of Japan’s scientific community 3. Promotion of open access in the secular sense in Japan 4. The fate of digital library in a country of print, or vested interests 5. So what’s going on and going to happen in Japan? University libraries turned into mere learning spaces, being forgotten by researchers Societies finally surrendering to “foreign” publishers August 13, 2013 2/13
  3. 3. Basic figures R & D expenditure: 17T JPY, 3rd to US and China, with 4 to 5 from government Government funding for research: 200B JPY from JSPS and 100B from JST, with some more from the rest of the government HE expenditure: 3T to 4T JPY for 3M students from gov and household, which is cheap, half of US’s and cheaper per capita than most countries Library expenditure on journals: 35B JPY, out of the total material expenditure of 70B JPY, with more than a third going to Elsevier note roughly 1 USD = 100 JPY, as of around now August 13, 2013 3/13
  4. 4. Library’s role in schlarly communication being undermined in Japan Evidence: Decreasing interlibrary document delivery requests from the analysis of NACSIS-ILL records(by Yoshinori Sato) ILLgeneral ILLcomparison Japanese researchers with easiest access ever to publications both by big deal or by open access on the web Scientists in Japan being so happy now that that they are forgetting libraries Librarians being more interested in providing better learning environments August 13, 2013 4/13
  5. 5. General trends in the number of requests August 13, 2013 5/13
  6. 6. Comparison between the requests for “foreign” and domestic journal articles BACK August 13, 2013 6/13
  7. 7. From Japanese Sceince and Technology Indicators 2013 (released Aug 9) 1. Total research and development expenditure in Japan, which has continued to decline in recent years, was JPY 1.74B, 1.6% increase over the previous year. 2. The number of people enrolling in undergraduate, masters and doctoral programs declined both in 2011 and 2012. 3. the number of papers produced in Japan, Japan was third according to the fractional counting method (degree of contribution in the production of papers in the world) 4. As for the adjusted number of the top 10% and top 1% highly cited papers in the world, Japan ranked sixth and seventh, respectively. 5. In the number of patent families, which is the indicator for international comparison of the number of inventions, Japan ranked number one in the worldAugust 13, 2013 7/13
  8. 8. Japan’s popular perception of its S & T, apart from the release Japan’s scholarship is getting less productive, quantitatively, but in the number of published papers, 4th in 1988, 2nd in 1998, 5th in 2008, with China intervening and 7th in 2012, which does not seem very bad A kind of moral hazard, perhaps, as evidenced by “retractions” Pervading sense of “fatigue” Interestingly, this began after our Science and Techology Basic Plans started to give funding to S & T research (Cynicism: People are ready to underestimate themselves just for more money, with improved rhetoric) August 13, 2013 8/13
  9. 9. Promotion of open access in Japan in the “secular” sense Steady but slow progress of institutional repositories, with which libraries can indulge themselves Government’s commitment to “open access,” “ because they say so,” as in the case of G8 declaration in London for open access to data And, a bit more seriously, open access as the infrastructure for science and scholarship as recommended in a report from MEXT And JSPS’s change of the funding policy for scholarly journals in the direction of promoting open access because that it is impossible to sustain journals without open access Researchers didn’t care “religious” open access but easily accept “secular” open access Chiba Publishers (seem to) think that libraries have no more money so will get more from researchers directly, which is open access August 13, 2013 9/13
  10. 10. Unconscious acceptance of OA publishing BACK August 13, 2013 10/13
  11. 11. The fate of digital library in the country of print No real STM society publishing in Japan. Surviving ones partner with “foreign publishers,” like JSAP with IOP and JSP with OUP Japan’s publishing industry itself dying Japan’s publishing industry National Diet Library’s curious behaviors, too much influenced by copyright holders Need for some independent platform for scholarly communcation for Japan, anyway August 13, 2013 11/13
  12. 12. The declining Japanese publishing BACK August 13, 2013 12/13
  13. 13. Questions rather than conclusions No conclusion in particular, but just these facts, but Will China produce 10 times as much scholarly articles as Japan in 10 years? If yes, the total number of articles worldwide will be double even without those from India. Will they be all open access? If yes, there will be no problem for libraries. August 13, 2013 13/13

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