Mis 03 management information systems


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The series of presentations contains the information about "Management Information System" subject of SEIT for University of Pune.
Subject Teacher: Tushar B Kute (Sandip Institute of Technology and Research Centre, Nashik)


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Mis 03 management information systems

  1. 1. Management information system<br />Third Year Information Technology<br />Part 03<br />Management Information Systems<br />Tushar B Kute,<br />Department of Information Technology,<br />Sandip Institute of Technology and Research Centre, Nashik<br />http://www.tusharkute.com<br />
  2. 2. Management information system<br />The initial concept of MIS was to process data from the organization and present it in the form of reports at regular intervals.<br />The concept of MIS today is to handle the databases , providing computing facilities to end user and give a variety of decision making tools to the user of the system.<br />Data analysis:<br />Concepts of management science<br />Management accounting<br />Operational Research<br />Organizational Behavior<br />Engineering<br />Computer Science<br />Engineering<br />
  3. 3. Management information system<br />The MIS can be evolved for a specific objective if it is evolved after systematic planning and design. It calls for analysis of a business, management views and policies, organization culture and the management style.<br />MIS relies heavily on System Theory. That is, it involves solution to handle the complex situation of the input and output flows.<br />
  4. 4. Functional Management Information Systems<br />
  5. 5. MIS outputs<br />Scheduled reports<br />Demand reports<br />Exception reports<br />Management Information Systems<br />
  6. 6. Conceptual view of mis<br />Management Information System<br />Business Goal and Mission<br />Application of pure and social science<br />Support Structure<br />to MIS<br />Applications of principles and Practices of <br />Management <br />Use of database and knowledge base<br />IT and Enterprise Software<br />
  7. 7. Physical view of mis<br />Management Information System<br />Business Information System<br />Mission Critical Applications<br />Integrated<br />IS<br />Structure<br />Functional Information Applications<br />Database and knowledge base<br />Data processing and Data analysis<br />OLTP, Data and validation Systems<br />
  8. 8. MIS<br />Product of multi-disciplinary approach to business management.<br />Dynamic Design.<br />Organization Change. <br />
  9. 9. MIS: Definition<br />A system which provides information support for decision making in the organization.<br />An integrated system of man and machine for providing the information to support the operations, the management and decision making functions in the organization.<br />A system based on the database of the organization evolved for purpose of providing information to the people in the organization.<br />A computer-based information system. <br />
  10. 10. MIS<br />In order to get better grip on activity of information processing, it is necessary to have a formal system which should take care of the following:<br />Handling of voluminous data<br />Confirmation of the validity of data and transaction.<br />Complex processing of data and multidimensional analysis.<br />Quick Search and retrieval<br />Mass storage.<br />Communication of IS to the user on time.<br />Fulfilling the changing need of the organization.<br />
  11. 11. Role of mis<br />It can be compared with the heart in the body. That is, information is the blood and MIS is the heart.<br />The system ensures that an appropriate data is collected from the various sources, processed and sent further to the needy destinations.<br />The system is expected to fulfill the information needs of individual, group of individuals, the management functionaries: the managers and top management.<br />The MIS satisfies the diverse needs through Query Systems, Analysis Systems, Modeling Systems, Decision Support Systems.<br />
  12. 12. Role of mis<br />MIS helps in<br />Strategic Planning<br />Management control<br />Operational control<br />Transaction processing<br />Helps middle management-<br />Short term planning<br />Target setting<br />Controlling the business functions.<br />Helps top management-<br />Goal setting<br />Strategic planning<br />Evolving the business plans and their implementations.<br />
  13. 13. Impact of mis<br />Efficiency in marketing, finance, production, and personnel becomes more efficient.<br />The tracking and monitoring of functional targets becomes easy.<br />Understanding of the business itself. (e.g. clarity in communication).<br />Systemization of the business operations for an effective system design. This process brings high degree of professionalism in the business operations.<br />Pulls the whole organization in one direction towards the corporate goals and objectives.<br />Motivates an enlightened manager to use variety of tools of the management. <br />Creates an information-based work culture in the organization. <br />
  14. 14. Mis and the user<br />Every person in the organization is a user of the MIS. The MIS caters the needs of the organization.<br />The MIS offers the methods and facilities to integrate the data and report in the same proper format. An executive plays the role of decision maker.<br />The managers has position of responsibility and accountability for the business results.<br />At the level of an officer and an executive, the MIS does the job of data manipulation and integration.<br />
  15. 15. Steps in management process<br />Planning<br />Organizing<br />Staffing<br />Coordinating<br />Directing<br />Controlling<br />Management Control System<br />
  16. 16. Mis as a control system<br />Actual vs STD<br />Not OK<br />Establish <br />Standards <br />of Performance <br />Measure Performance <br />Corrective <br />Action<br />OK<br />No <br />Action<br />
  17. 17. Reliable and effective control system<br />Early warning mechanism<br />Performance standard<br />Strategic control<br />Feedback<br />Realistic<br />The information flow<br />Exception principle<br />
  18. 18. Mis: a support to management process<br />Environment<br />Management <br />Goal Setting<br />Planning<br />Organizing<br />Staffing<br />Directing<br />Coordinating<br />Controlling<br />Information Support<br />MIS<br />
  19. 19. Mis: a support to management<br />Planning<br />A selection to various alternatives- strategy, resource and methods etc.<br />Organization<br />A selection of combination out of several combinations of the goals, people, resources, methods and authority. <br /> Staffing<br />Providing proper manpower complement<br />Directing<br />Choosing a method from the various methods of directing the efforts in the organization.<br />Coordinating<br />Choice of the tools and the techniques for coordinating the efforts for optimum results<br />Controlling<br />A selection of the exceptional conditions and providing the decision guidance to deal with them. <br />
  20. 20. Goals, objectives and targets<br />
  21. 21. Mis: tool for implementation of management process<br />The control of overall performance is made possible by the way of budget summaries and reports. <br />The information improves knowledge, enriches experience and improves analytical abilities leading to better business judgement.<br />A good MIS must furnish information to the managers to expand their knowledge base.<br />
  22. 22. Organization as a system<br />Tasks<br />Culture<br />People<br />Goal<br />Structure<br />Technology<br />
  23. 23. reference<br /><ul><li>WamanJawadekar, "Management Information Systems” , 4th Edition, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited.</li>