Five Axes of DSM-IV-TR Axis I (current clinical disorders) Axis II (personality disorders & mental retardation) Axis III (general medical information) Axis IV (psychosocial & environmental problems) Axis V (global assessment of functioning)
Anxiety Disorders Anxiety Disorder: overwhelming apprehension & fear accompanied by autonomic nervous system (ANS) arousal Five Major Types: Generalized Anxiety Disorder Panic Disorder Phobias Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) (Discussed in Chapter 3)
Five Types of Anxiety Disorders Generalized Anxiety Disorder: persistent, uncontrollable, & free-floating anxiety Panic Disorder: sudden & inexplicable panic attacks
Anxiety Disorders (Continued) 3.Phobia: intense, irrational fear & avoidance of a specific object or situation 4. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD): intrusive, repetitive, fearful thoughts (obsessions), with urges to perform repetitive, ritualistic, behaviors (compulsions)
Anxiety Disorders (Continued)
Mood Disorders Mood Disorders: characterized by extreme disturbances in emotional states Two Types of Mood Disorders:
Major Depressive Disorder: long-lasting depressed mood that interferes with the ability to function, feel pleasure, or maintain interest in life
Bipolar Disorder: repeated episodes of mania & depression
Mood Disorders (Continued) Note how major depressive disorders differ from bipolar disorders on this hypothetical graph.
Chapter 13: Multiple choice examples According to your text's complete definition of abnormal behavior, which of the following statistically infrequent behaviors would qualify as abnormal? A) the belief that the CIA is following you B) having your entire body tattooed C) living a completely celibate life D) all of these options
Schizophrenia Schizophrenia: group of psychotic disorders, characterized by a general loss of contact with reality Five areas of major disturbance: Perception (hallucinations) Language(word salad, neologisms) Thoughts (psychosis, delusions) Emotion(exaggerated or flat affect) Behavior [unusual actions (e.g., catalepsy, waxy flexibility)]
Schizophrenia (Continued) Explanations of Schizophrenia: Biological: genetic predisposition, disruptions in neurotransmitters, brain abnormalities Psychosocial: diathesis-stress model, disturbed family communication
Other Disorders (Continued) Dissociative Disorders: splitting apart (dis-association) of experience from memory or consciousness Types of Dissociative Disorders: Dissociative Amnesia Dissociative Fugue Depersonalization Disorder Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID)
Other Disorders (Continued) Best known dissociative disorder: Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID): presence of two or more distinct personality systems in the same person at different times (previously known as multiple personality disorder)
Other Disorders (Continued) Personality Disorder: inflexible, maladaptive personality traits causing significant impairment of social & occupational functioning
Other Disorders (Continued) Antisocial Personality Disorder: profound disregard for, & violation of, the rights of others Key Traits: egocentrism, lack of conscience, impulsive behavior, & superficial charm
Other Disorders (Continued) Explanations of Antisocial Personality Disorder
Chapter 14: Multiple choice examples This is characterized by diffuse anxiety caused by intrusive thoughts and urges to perform repetitive, ritualistic behaviors. A) generalized anxiety disorder B) agoraphobia C) obsessive-compulsive disorder D) ritual abuse
Chapter 14: Multiple choice examples 14. A disorder that is characterized by severely disturbed perception, language, thought, emotion, and behavior is _____. A) schizophrenia B) multiple personality disorder C) borderline psychosis D) neurotic psychosis
BAD SANTA Two con men (Billy Bob Thornton and Tony Cox) masquerade as Santa Claus and an elf and knock off shopping malls until they meet an 8-year-old boy who unintentionally reminds them about the true meaning of Christmas.
FINDING NEMO This film from Pixar (Monsters, Inc.) is the story of Nemo (Alexander Gould), a curious young clownfish who has been taken from his home in Australia's Great Barrier Reef and winds up in the office fish tank of a dentist in Sydney. It's up to his shy father, Marlin (Albert Brooks), and Marlin's friend Dory (Ellen DeGeneres) to find him.
CHICAGO Velma is the Windy City's top nightclub star until the night she guns down her cheating husband, after which she becomes an even bigger celebrity, thanks to smooth attorney Billy Flynn (Richard Gere). Roxie also desperately wants fame, so the solution is simple: shoot her abusive lover dead. After Roxie replaces her, an outraged Velma plots Roxie's demise as she obsessively pursues her goal of being back on top.
Gollum, originally known as Sméagol, he was later named Gollum after the disgusting gurgling noise he made in his throat. He is estimated to have been born in the year 2430 of the Third Age. At the time of his death, Gollum was about 589 years old, a remarkable age for a creature who was once a Hobbit, but had been deformed and twisted in both body and mind by the corruption of the Ring. His one desire was to possess the Ring which had enslaved him, and he pursued it for seventy-six years after he lost it.
In Step Brothers, Ferrell plays Brennan Huff, a sporadically employed thirty-nine-year-old who lives with his mother, Nancy (Mary Steenburgen). Reilly plays Dale Doback, a terminally unemployed forty-year-old who lives with his father, Robert (Richard Jenkins). When Robert and Nancy marry and move in together, Brennan and Dale are forced to live with each other as step brothers. As their downright aggressive laziness threaten to tear the family apart, these two middle-aged, immature, overgrown boys will orchestrate an insane, elaborate plan to bring their parents back together.
Successful businessman Dan (Michael Douglas) has a brief, one-night fling with a woman he meets at a cocktail party named Alex (Glenn Close). Little does he realize that she's not really what one would call "mentally stable" — she keeps hounding him, trying to continue their relationship and threatening him. Things keep getting crazier and crazier, and Alex goes to more and more extreme measures to keep Dan in her life, while Dan tries to hide his indiscretion from his wife (Anne Archer) and daughter.
Robert De Niro plays Travis Bickle, a lonely, mentally unstable Vietnam War veteran who drives a New York City cab at night, disgusted by what he sees as a rotting Big Apple. After wooing a senator's campaign worker (Cybill Shepherd), Travis is spurned after taking her to a porn theater on their first date. Bickle's social ineptitude, continued isolation, and anger aimed at cleaning up the city's "scum" lead to violence.
Rachel Berry uses every opportunity to propel herself toward stardom, so when Will Schuester revives glee club, she eagerly signs up, certain it will showcase her many talents. She puts a gold star after her name, as she always does, because she's sure she will be a star someday. Rachel lives with her two dads, who've supported her dreams of Broadway fame, but her perfectionism and driving ambition haven't won her any friends. She's often picked on by popular cheerleaders, and her romantic prospects seem dismal.
Brilliant, aloof and almost entirely lacking in social graces. Sherlock is a unique young man with a mind like a 'racing engine'. Without problems to solve, it will tear itself to pieces. And the more bizarre and baffling the problems the better. He has set himself up as the world's only consulting detective, whom the police grudgingly accept as their superior.