Everybody knows Bill Cosby. Himself and educator, in 1976 earned a doctorate from University of Massachusetts. His dissertation was on visual media and children—focusing on, of course, his show “Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids”.
This should help you determine what I’ll cover on the test next week.Discussion – We should talk about this.Handout – some free strategy swag.
Sex Education is perhaps the most contested political issues since the advent of public education. In 1996 Social Security Act contained Title V, which gave federal tax dollars to sex education programs for the first time. In 2001, during the first term of conservative President George W. Bush, federal monies were given to abstinence programs—largely directed at inner city school districts.
Between 1982 and 2011, the federal government spent over $1.65 billion onabstinence-only education, while states spent an additional $487.5 million in matchingrequirements, bringing total public expenditures on abstinence-only education to over $2billion to date (SIECUS, 2011) Currently, $50 million in 3 federal funds remain designated for abstinence-only programs, while $190 million fund evidence-based sex education every year (SIECUS, 2011).
This is a short video illustrating ways that school district are trying to reach out to student populations advocating abstinence. Calvert County is in southern Maryland.
Based largely in religious points of view. Embraced by social conservatives. This strategy has been tried in Africa to combat the AIDS epidemic – to little effect.
CSE programs present students with a less stigmatizingversion of sexuality, a more nuanced account of sexual risk and greater information aboutsafer sex than abstinence-only education programs.
Phi Delta Kappa (also known as "PDK" or "PDK International") is an US professional organization for educators. Its headquarters are located in Bloomington, Indiana.After looking at seemingly hundred of sex ed methodology systems—I felt the best methods involved what to avoid—conversely to focus on content. These pitfalls are brilliantly explained in this article—which your strategies are stolen from. I highly recommend it.
This, as you might have guessed, is a comprehensive approach.Student having full day access to their parents is now only 25%.10% of all students are either recognized themselves LGBT or will do so before 18.Abstinence is an acceptable choice—even in the peer-pressured environment of school.Teachers cannot ignore the reality that students will be sexual active.27% of girls, 16% of boys are sexually assaulted before the age of 18.50% of all rape victims are between the ages of 10 and 19.Teachers can be agents of intervention and begin the process of healing for abused students.Students can be participating in alternatives to intercourse.
Men are from Mars, Women are from Venus; a popular book by John Grey in 1992. Added this term to relationship jargon for all time.
In the United States, the belief that males are somehow more adept in mathematicsis common. Once a young girl becomes cognizant of this, expectancy effects couldresult, causing her performance on math-based tests to become affected. Gender basedstereotype threats forwomen occur when a female believes she is at risk of being judgedby the stereotype that women’s mathematical ability is weaker than men’s; hence, herfear causes underperformance (Spencer et al. 1999).In 2005 Harvard University President Lawrence H. Summers speculated that differences in "intrinsic aptitude" between men and women, particularly at the upper levels of performance.A study, published in the July 2008 issue of the journal Science, examines male and female students' math scores on tests used by 10 states representing a testing population of more than 7 million students. The results showed boys and girls performing at very similar levels across grades, even at upper grades.
Whole name – so student cannot assume the famous scientist discussed is a man.Increase awareness of male/female groundbreakers in non-traditional fields.
This date is older—but current signs show significant improvement.
Statistical evidence show a direct correlation between poverty and teen pregnancy.Most girls who drop out of school, statistically, would have done so anyway.Despite our growing comprehension and understanding of teen pregnancy—it still carries a great stigma, from student, teachers and administrators.
The students are among the most marginalized student populations. Certainly in the realm of sex education…these expressions of human sexuality have been largely ignored. A person identified as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) or perceived to be LGBT not only faces ridicule, shame,disenfranchisement, and possible criminal charges, but in most of the world includingthe United States , can face violence and even death.Historyand experience teach us that [a] scarring comes not from poverty or powerlessness,but from invisibility. It is the tainting of desire, it is the attribution of perversityand shame to …. affection, it is the prohibition of the expressionof love, it is the denial of full moral citizenship in society because you are whatyou are, that impinges on the dignity and self-worth of a group.
10% of most student populations either openly identify as LGBT or will before leaving secondary school.Data also showed that lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth were more than twiceas likely as heterosexual youth to have consideredattempting suicide in the past year (31% vs. 14%).Nationally, between 11% and 40% of homeless youth are thought to be LGBT.Only 16.5% of the respondents to the GLSEN (Gay, Lesbian & Straight Education Network) National School Climate Survey claimed that faculty and staff intervened when they heard such remarks, while over 18% claimed that they had heard teachers themselves use that type of language (Kosciw and Diaz xiii).
1. When dealing with prejudicial comments in theclassroom, preserve the self-respect of those makingcomments as well as those receiving them. First,call an immediate time-out to stop the behavior orspeech. Second, educate students about why the comments are out of line. Third, offer them an opportunityto apologize, ask questions, or otherwise makeamends.2. In the 2004 GLSEN National School ClimateSurvey, 83% of LGBT students reported that schoolpersonnel “never” or “only sometimes” intervenedwhen homophobic remarks were made in their presence.3. For every lesbian, gay, bisexual or gender nonconformingyouth who is bullied, four straightstudents who are perceived to be nonstraight arebullied, according to the National Mental HealthAssociation’s survey, What Does Gay Mean? (2002).4. Because it is. Right up there with sufferage, civil rights and other hallmarks of societal justice.
In September 2010, syndicated columnist and author Dan Savage created a YouTube video with his partner Terry Miller to inspire hope for young people facing harassment. In response to a number of students taking their own lives after being bullied in school, they wanted to create a personal way for supporters everywhere to tell LGBT youth that, yes, it does indeed get better.More than a year later, the It Gets Better Project™ has turned into a worldwide movement, inspiring more than 30,000 user-created videos viewed more than 40 million times. This is President Obama.
The Trevor Project is determined to end suicide among LGBTQ youth by providing life-saving and life-affirming resources including our nationwide, 24/7 crisis intervention lifeline, digital community and advocacy/educational programs that create a safe, supportive and positive environment for everyone.It was named after a documentary film about a 13 year old boy, ostrasized by his friends, attempted to take his own life.
Sex education is arguably the most differentiated subject taught at public schools. Why?Political winds of change at the federal, state and local level. At the outset of George W. Bush’s (a conservative Republican) administration the needle pointed predominately at funding abstinence--only sex education programs. At the outset of Barack Obama’s (a liberal democrat) term, abstinence only programs were de-funded, in favor of more comprehensive and what is now called “evidence based” education. This is only at the federal level, state and local government policy and direction can move faster, with greater levels of change at the local school level.Sex education covers a topic that is extremely intimate an personal. Student may not feel comfortable, despite an instructors best efforts, sharing in a classroom environments. This demands that teachers become accessible, one on one, agents of comfort and information. Not everyone is the same.We don’t know everything. Science will continue to discover new aspects of human sexuality—and the teacher must stay on top of state of the art information. Change. Do things every stay the same? New frontiers are ahead of us.
The sheet you’re getting is a distilled version of the power point presentation. It is by no means comprehensive…but it’s a great place to start.
“Safe space" has emerged as a description of a classroom climate that allows students to feel secure enough to take risks, honestly express their views, and share and explore their knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors.Safe space does not necessarily refer to an environment without discomfort, struggle, or pain. Being safe is not the same as being comfortable. To grow and learn, students often must confront issues that make them uncomfortable and force them to struggle with who they are and what they believe.It's one thing to say that students should not be belittled for a personal preference or harassed because of an unpopular opinion. It's another to say that students must never be asked why their preference and opinions are different from those of others. It's one thing to say that students should be capable of self-revelation. It's another to say that they must always like what they see revealed.
Tango makes three. By Justin Richardson and Peter Parnell – based on a true story of two male penguins nurturing a rock that looked like an egg. The zoo personnel gave it a real egg and the chick, Tango, was born. Stirred controversy among family and conservative groups—who claimed it was espousing a “gay” agenda by affirming homosexuality in the animal kingdom.Are you There God? It’s Me Margaret. Judy Blume’s classic about a girl’s journey into adolescence.What’s Going on Down There? By Karen Gravelle. Answers tough question about puberty from hair to what happens to the icky girls.Twilight. By Stephanie Meyer. The vampire juggernaut that has become (surprisingly) a vanguard in the abstinence movement.Frog and Snails and Feminist Tales. By Bronwyn Davies. Studies how children develop gender identity—is it nature or nurture?
ProSexual purity as defined by common religious standardsAvoid dangers of out-of-wedlock childbirthSelf-sufficiency before sexual activityParents prefer abstinence programsPromotes marriage and protection of traditional family values
Abstinence Only ConUsually has a religious social conservative base Question confidence in protection methods Reliance on standards of behavior One kind of family structureWithholds valuable information from students Corrective and judgmental Ignores LGBT students
ProTeaches total spectrum of human sexuality from contraception, abstinence, AIDS/S TD risks and pregnancy educationGives students tools to make better choices regarding their bodiesAllow for a humanistic, non- judgment approach to a wide variety of students.
ConPromotes sexual activity and promiscuityValidates alternative lifestylesMay violate certain religious canon pertaining to behavior and birth controlPut students at risk for unwanted pregnancy and contracting STDs
Abstinence Plus ProgramsCombines parts of both methods.Known as the “ABC” method. Abstinence, Be Faithful, use a CondomPromotes abstinence, but includes comprehensive sexuality educationCreated as a response to the Africa AIDS epidemic.
-- Phi Delta Kappan—magazine for Phi Delta Kappa (1993)
All students No students come from are sexually traditional involved nuclear families All studentAll students are sexual heterosexual involvement is consensualAll students are sexually involved Students are having intercourse
Boys are Girls aren’t aggressive good at mathBoys are Girls are artsy athletic Girls can be nurses, not doctorsBoys are dirty
Use gender Use group neutral lessons language DrawEncourage lessons class fromparticipation diverse sourcesUse whole names
4 in 10 US girls get pregnant before the age of 20 One every 26 seconds (11 million per year) Most of any Industrialized nation
Poverty Low Expectations Sisters of life Peers Unsuccessful in school Unstable Household Social stigma
Must be comprehensiveProvide accurate information about sexual behavior and the risks involvedReinforcement of clear messages about abstinence and contraceptionEducation must address the social pressures involved
LBGT students10% of most twice as likely student populations to consider suicide19% will be Many leave physically assaulted the school environment entirely due to intimidation, harassment and ridicule
Intervene when a student uses the word gay, even in jestMonitor language in classroom/hallways and how words have varied meaningRecognize that everyone suffers in an anti-LGBT environmentTreat LGBT issues as an issue of civil rights and social justice
Why?1. Political Winds2. Personal Subject Matter3. Ongoing Research4. Change
Students can openly express their individualityStudents can “Risk Honesty”Students should be capable of self- revelationResources available for any student at any time
I’ve been a LesserKudu, thank you and goodnight!!
Bibliography:"Abstinence only" sex education: A reality check. (2001). TheEducation Digest, 67(2), 46-50. Retrieved fromhttp://ezproxy.arbor.edu:80/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/218185461?accountid=13998Wiley, D. C. (2002). The ethics of abstinence-only and abstinence-plus sexuality education. The Journal of School Health,72(4), 164-7.Retrieved fromhttp://ezproxy.arbor.edu:80/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/215674897?accountid=13998http://ari.ucsf.edu/science/reports/abstinence.pdfCurran, L. B. (2011). Whats missing?: Discourses of gender andsexuality in federally-funded sex education. The George WashingtonUniversity). ProQuest Dissertations andTheses, http://search.proquest.com/docview/888045355?accountid=42518http://ezproxy.arbor.edu:80/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/214712501?accountid=13998
Bibliography Cont.Wood, A. (1998). Sex education for boys. HealthEducation, 98(3), 95-99.Everyone is an exception: Assumptions to avoid in the sex e.(1993). Phi Delta Kappan, 74(7), 569-569.http://ezproxy.arbor.edu:80/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/218521769?accountid=13998http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/~delamate/pdfs/SexeducequityCh19_Klein_LEA.pdfSmith, C. S., & Hung, L. (2008). Stereotype threat: Effectson education. Social Psychology of Education : AnInternational Journal, 11(3), 243-257. doi:10.1007/s11218-008-9053-3Cavanagh, S. (2008). Stereotype of mathematical inferioritystill plagues girls. Education Week, 28(1), 9-9.http://ezproxy.arbor.edu:80/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/202708279?accountid=13998
Bibliography Cont.http://www.jlls.org/Issues/Volume1/No.1/benguaksu.pdfDworkin, S. H., & Yi, H. (2003). LGBT identity, violence, andsocial justice: The psychological is political. InternationalJournal for the Advancement of Counselling, 25(4), 269-279.doi:10.1023/B:ADCO.0000005526.87218.9fAlmeida, J., Johnson, R. M., Corliss, H. L., Molnar, B. E., &Azrael, D. (2009). Emotional distress among LGBT youth: Theinfluence of perceived discrimination based on sexualorientation. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 38(7), 1001-1014.http://ezproxy.arbor.edu:80/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/204636129?accountid=13998Wardenski, J. J. (2005). A minor exception?: The impact oflawrence V. texas on lgbt youth. Journal of Criminal Law &Criminology, 95(4), 1363-1410.http://ezproxy.arbor.edu:80/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/218449679?accountid=13998
Bibliography Cont.Mason, K. (2008). Creating a space for YAL with LGBTcontent in our personal reading: Creating a place for LGBTstudents in our classrooms. ALAN Review, 35(3), 55-61.http://ezproxy.arbor.edu:80/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/212195645?accountid=13998Holley, L. C., & Steiner, S. (2005). Safe space: Studentperspectives on classroom environment. Journal of SocialWork Education, 41(1), 49-64.http://ezproxy.arbor.edu:80/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/209796125?accountid=13998http://www.itgetsbetter.org/http://www.thetrevorproject.org/Young, A. (2011). LGBT students want educators to speakup for them. Phi Delta Kappan,93(2), 35-37.
Bibliography Cont.Gewertz, C. (2001). Clear, consistent messager help deterteen pregnancy, study finds. Education Week, 20(39), 6-6.http://ezproxy.arbor.edu:80/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/202756774?accountid=13998Curricular programs to curb teen pregnancy. (1999). TheEducation Digest, 64(7), 38-41.http://ezproxy.arbor.edu:80/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/218178134?accountid=13998