Com120 03 perception_13ed-1
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Com120 03 perception_13ed-1






Total Views
Views on SlideShare
Embed Views



1 Embed 109 109



Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Com120 03 perception_13ed-1 Com120 03 perception_13ed-1 Presentation Transcript

  • Self and PerceptionChapter 3
  • TopicsSelf ConceptSelf AwarenessStages of perception“Impression Formation processes” ◦ Barriers to effective perceptionIncreasing accuracy in perception
  • Self ConceptHow you see yourself
  • Sources of Self ConceptOthers’ images of youSocial comparisonCultural teachingsYour interpretations and evaluations
  • Self AwarenessThe extent to which you know yourselfJohari Model ◦ Open self ◦ Blind self ◦ Hidden self ◦ Unknown self
  • Self EsteemWhat is Self Esteem?Ways to improve self-esteem
  • Increasing Self AwarenessAsk yourselfListen to othersSeek informationSee your different selvesIncrease your open self
  • PerceptionStagesImpression formationImpression management
  • Perception StagesStimulationOrganizationInterpretation / EvaluationMemoryRecall
  • 1. StimulationSensing stageSelective Perception: Cannot process everything in the environment ◦ Selective Attention ◦ Selective Exposure
  • 2. OrganizationOrganize information sensedRules ◦ Proximity ◦ Similarity ◦ ContrastSchemataScripts – Schema focused on an event
  • 3. InterpretationGive meaning to what you have sensedMeaning will be based on how information was organized
  • 4. MemoryExperiencewill enter our memory based on how we have interpreted the event.
  • 5. RecallRemembering the event laterRecall will be consistent with previous stagesMay add or subtract information to fit our expectations (rules, schema)
  • “Impression Formation Processes”Self-fulfilling ProphecyImplicit Personality TheoryPerceptual AccentuationPrimacy vs RecencyConsistencyAttribution of Control
  • Self-fulfilling prophecy: ◦ We make predictions about our communication outcomes ◦ However, we also influence those outcomes with our behaviors ◦ We then use this outcome to “prove our point”
  • Implicit Personality Theory: ◦ We use observations of others to draw conclusions ◦ (Similar to stereotyping, but based on personality traits, not group identity)
  • Perceptual Accentuation ◦ We perceive what we expect (or want) to observe instead of what actually occurs
  • Primacy vs Recency ◦ First impressions strongly influence later interactions ◦ More recent impressions may cause us to reinterpret our perception
  • Consistency ◦ We expect consistency in events and relationships
  • Attribution: ◦ Our attempts to determine motivation for behaviorsErrors: ◦ Self-serving Bias ◦ Overattribution ◦ Fundamental Attribution Error
  • Increasing AccuracyPerception checking ◦ Describe what you observe  What did you see / hear?  Concrete terms ◦ Ask for confirmation of your perception  Do not tell, ASK