COM 110 Ch 12 Step 3 Organizing part 1

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COM 110 Ch 12 Step 3 Organizing part 1

  1. 1. CHAPTER 12 Organizing your speech
  2. 2. Speech Action Steps 1. Choose a Topic & Goal 2. Develop Content 3. Organize and Develop Material 4. Adapt Material to Audience (Visual Aids) 5. Practice
  3. 3. Speech Action Steps Step 3 Organize LO1: Body LO2: Introduction LO3: Conclusion
  4. 4. Action Step 3: Organize Body 1. Main points 2. Thesis 3. Outline 4. Support 5. Transitions Introduction Conclusion
  5. 5. Action Step 3: Organize Body 1. Main points 2. Thesis 3. Outline 4. Support 5. Transitions
  6. 6. Action Step 3: Organize ~ LO2: Body • What are main points? • How many should you have? • How do you determine them?
  7. 7. Action Step 3: Organize ~ LO2: Body • A few central ideas you want to present What are main points? • 2 – 5How many should you have? • Focus on Specific Goal How do you determine them?
  8. 8. Action Step 3: Organize ~ LO2: Body List ideas related to specific goal Group similar ideas Eliminate ideas that lack support OR are too complicated Choose the most important that support speech goal
  9. 9. Determining Main Points #6. List ideas related to specific goal #6. Group similar ideas #6. Eliminate ideas that lack support OR are too complicated #7. Choose the most important that support speech goal
  10. 10. Action Step 3: Organize Body 1. Main points 2. Thesis 3. Outline 4. Support 5. Transitions
  11. 11. Summary of speech Incorporates General & Specific Goals Previews main points One or two sentences Step 3: Organize ~ LO1 Body - Thesis
  12. 12. Specific Goal • I want the audience to understand how to improve their grades in college. Main points • Attend classes regularly • Develop a positive attitude • Study efficiently Example
  13. 13. Thesis • Techniques for improving grades in college are to attend classes regularly, develop a positive attitude, and study efficiently. Example
  14. 14. Thesis • Techniques for improving grades in college are to attend classes regularly, develop a positive attitude, and study efficiently. Example
  15. 15. Summary of speech Incorporates General & Specific Goals Previews main points One or two sentences Step 3: Organize ~ LO1 Body - Thesis
  16. 16. Action Step 3: Organize Body 1. Main points 2. Thesis 3. Outline 4. Support 5. Transitions
  17. 17. Complete sentence Clear relationship to specific goal (topic) Parallel structure Step 3: Organize ~ LO1 Body: Wording Main points in the Outline
  18. 18. • I want the audience to understand how to improve their grades in college. Goal • The first step that can help improve your grades is to Attend class regularly. • A second step that can help improve your grades is to Develop a positive attitude. Main Points Example of Wording Main Points
  19. 19. • The first step that can help improve your grades is to Attend class regularly. • A second step that can help improve your grades is to Develop a positive attitude. Main Points Example of Wording Main Points
  20. 20. Time order Topic order Logical Reasons (Persuasion) Step 3: Organize ~ LO1 Body: Organizing Main points in the Outline
  21. 21. Complete sentence Clear relationship to specific goal (topic) Parallel structure Step 3: Organize ~ LO1 Body: Wording Main points in the Outline
  22. 22. Action Step 3: Organize Body 1. Main points 2. Thesis 3. Outline 4. Support 5. Transitions
  23. 23. • Further explanation of main points • At least two • Includes supporting material • For this course, can be phrases on outline Step 3: Organize ~ LO1: Body Support for points
  24. 24. I. One step that can help to improve your grades to attend class regularly A. Due date reminders B. Contact with instructor II. A second step that can help to improve your grades is to study efficiently A. Read the material before attending class B. Take notes during class C. Review notes soon after class Subpoints in Outline
  25. 25. Action Step 3: Organize Body 1. Main points 2. Thesis 3. Outline 4. Support 5. Transitions
  26. 26. Section Transitions Signposts Step 3: Organize ~ LO1: Body ~ Transitions
  27. 27. • Bridge or link the major parts of the speech • Where would these be? Transitions: Section Transitions
  28. 28. • Intro  transition  MP #1 • MP#1  transition  MP #2…. • Last MP  transition  Conclusion Transitions: Section Transitions
  29. 29. • Move the audience from point to point. • A transition is not a main point. • There is no content in a transition Transitions: Section Transitions
  30. 30. II. A second step that can help to improve your grades is to study efficiently A. Read the material before attending class B. Take notes during class C. Review notes soon after class (Transition) Now that we understand some study techniques, let’s move on to the last point. III. A final step that can help to improve your grades is to have a positive attitude. Section Transition Example
  31. 31. • Words or phrases within a main point • Links subpoints / supporting material • Reminds audience which point you are discussing Transitions: Signposts
  32. 32. Action Step 3: Organize Body 1. Main points 2. Thesis 3. Outline 4. Support 5. Transitions

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