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    distance education distance education Document Transcript

    • Wayne Wilkerson INST 6031 Dr. Driskell Class 2 - Assignment “Bridging the L.E.P. Gap” Some individuals migrate to the United States for a better way of life. This could encompass opportunities such as work, housing and education. For many of the recent immigrants that I teach on a daily basis, these are the essential elements that drive and keep them here. Imagine if you will, arriving in a new country with perhaps only one parent and staying with a relative or in a make-shift camping environment until your parent retains work. “Being a Limited English Proficient (L.E.P.) student, you may or may not have a grasp on Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills (B.I.C.S.) in English (L2) and your Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency (C.A.L.P.) skills in Spanish (L1) are below grade level because school was not as important in your home country as working to help support your family” (Holling, E.S.L. Academy 2008). “Further complicating the issue is the fact that your new school’s E.S.L. (English as a Second Language) environment is not necessarily able to support your L1 verbally. Texas law states, E.S.L. instructors are not required by to be fluent in the student’s home language (L1)” (M.Guerra, E.S.L. training 2008). Considering these barriers to education, what should all teachers recognize about recent immigrant’s affective filters? More effectively, how can we best serve the students with the given parameters? One avenue to lowering those filters has been the pursuit and research (via regulations of No Child Left Behind - N.C.L.B.) as it relates to the “efficacy of technology in the classroom that provides scientifically based software that supports the content area subject matter (TEKS based)” (TEA - N.C.L.B. - Title III, Part A). Congruent to N.C.L.B. goals for L.E.P. students, the “Essential Linguistics Proficiency Standards (E.L.P.S.) promote the “how” of learning through the use of listening, speaking, reading and writing” (Holling, E.L.P.S. training 2009). “Ideally, both the law and the standards are reflected through this electronic world which is L1 supportive, non-judgmental in a multi-sensory setting. When enhanced, the programs(s)
    • combine text, pictures, auditory and speaking functions which are individualized per a student’s rate of knowledge growth” (www.successmaker.com). “Mutually, this helps to scaffold (i.e. bridge the L2 gap) between social and academic English language which is the major hurdle as it relates to standardized testing for L.E.P. student s” (Holling, E.L.P.S. training 2009). Despite cultural, financial and legal barriers to successful navigation of standardized testing in the United States, “L.E.P. students (in Texas) have electronic support now in the areas of Computer Assisted Instruction. From appearances, the effect of C.A.I. on end-of-course academic achievement is positive. In general, C.A.I. appears to be most effective when used with either low-achieving or high-achieving groups” (P. Dunkel, 1987 p367-372). Ultimately, it is important to keep in mind the individual students to ensure that specific needs are met. This paper provides a snap-shot of several broad topics necessary to highlight some essential areas of concern as it relates L.E.P. acclamation and successful navigation through U.S. schools, specifically in Texas. Cite List Dr. Holling, P.I.S.D. - E.S.L. Academy 3-day course 2008 M.Guerra, P.I.S.D. E.S.L. training 2008 P. Dunkel, TESOL Quarterly, 1987, Vol. 21 Issue 2, p367-372 Dr. Holling, P.I.S.D. - E.L.P.S. training presentation 2009
    • Cuil references include: Successmaker link http://www.pearsonschool.com/index.cfm? locator=PSZ16c&filter_161=&filter_422=&filter_423=24902&filter_424=&filter_281=&filt er_425=&programFilterTypeList=161%2C422%2C423%2C424%2C281%2C425&PMD bSiteid=2781&PMDbSolutionid=6724&PMDbSubSolutionid=&PMDbCategoryid=1662& &PMDbProgramID=55601 T.E.A. – N.C.L.B. - Title III, Part A http://cistexas.org/N.C.L.B./newpolicy/title3a.pdf