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Current Status and Future of the Scholarly Information Services of the National Institute of Informatics - Koichi Ojiro

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OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council Conference 2012, National Library of Malaysia, 3-4 September 2012.

OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council Conference 2012, National Library of Malaysia, 3-4 September 2012.

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    • 1. Current Status and Future of the Scholarly Information Services of NII Koichi Ojiro Deputy Director, Cyber Science Infrastructure Development Department, National Institute of Informatics
    • 2. Outline of NII2 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 3. Brief History of NII Year Event Foundation of Research Center for Library and InformationMay 1976 Science (RCLIS), The University of Tokyo Establishment of Center for Bibliographic Information, TheApril 1983 University of Tokyo (reorganized from RCLIS) Establishment of National Center for Science Information SystemsApril 1986 (NACSIS) Establishment of National Institute of Informatics (NII) (ConvertedApril 2000 from NACSIS) National Institute of Informatics (a member of ResearchApril 2004 Organization of Information and Systems) 3 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 4. Organizational Chart4 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 5. NII’s Two Missions Research/education and Development of infrastructure development advancedComprehensive infrastructure forresearch on scholarly communicationinformatics Research/ Outcome Develop- education ment Feedback SINET Usage Promotion OfficeScholarly Network R&D Center 1) Scholarly Information Network Cloud Promotion Office Scholarly Certification Promotion Office 2) Scholarly Contents Contents/system Development Office 3) Education/training 5 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 6. Cyber Science Infrastructure ( CSI )  “State-of-art scholarly information infrastructure” to connect universities and research institutions via an ultrafast network and share devices (computers, etc.), platform software, contents/databases, human N I I resource, and research groups6 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 7. Science Information Network ・ SINET4: Japanese Academic Backbone Network7 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 8. Science Information NETwork (SINET)  SINET is the Japanese academic backbone network for more than 700 universities (including all national universities) and research institutions.  It supports lots of leading-edge research activities as well as educational activities. LHC ITER Radio Nuclear High-energy Super Academic Radio Etc. telescopetelescope fusion device physics device computer cloud GÉANT2 (Europe) etc. ine TEIN3 (Asia, Europe) lL na ti o na Internet2 (USA) In terSeismology device Global Internet service providers SINET (Science Information NETwork) IXs IX Domestic Internet service providers Campus LAN Campus LAN User Server Computer User User User 8 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 9. Network History and SINET4  SINET started operating as an Internet backbone network in 1992, and the third version (SINET3) expanded its service menu gradually over the single network.  As the use of advanced multilayer network services has increased nationwide, the network is required to be higher-speed and more reliable. Regional disparities in accessibility to the network must also be alleviated. 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 packet-switched network (X.25) - closed network▲1987.1 SINET ( Internet ) ▲1992.4 Higher speed Super SINET ▲2002.1 Expansion of service menu SINET3 ▲2007.4 More reliable Higher speed SINET4 Regional disparity alleviation (5 years) ▲2011.4 SINET5 9 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3 Present 9 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 10. Services of SINET4 SINET4 provides the following variety of multilayer network services. Service Menu Status Note Commercial Internet access  Via IXs and global ISPs IPv6  Native/dual-stack/tunnel IPv4 full-route information  Layer-3 IPv4/IPv6 multicast  Service IPv4/IPv6 multicast (QoS)  Application-based QoS  L3VPN  L3VPN (QoS)  L2VPN/VPLS  Fastest growing service Layer-2 L2VPN/VPLS (QoS)  Service L2VPN/VPLS on-demand Planned For several projects Layer-1 Over 1,000 paths were L1 on demand  Service setup/released so far Performance measurement  Other Service Traffic measurement  Private Cloud support  10 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 11. Network Topology of SINET4 The core links form nationwide 40-Gbps (STM256) backbone and are configured to have redundant routes for high service availability. As of March 2012 : Core link (40 Gbps) : Core link (10 Gbps) Sapporo : Edge link (40 Gbps) : Edge link (10 Gbps) : Edge link (2.4 Gbps) : Core node Japan Sea : Edge node Kanazawa Sendai Pacific Ocean Fukuoka Hiroshima To Los Angeles To New York Osaka Nagoya Tokyo To Singapore 11 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 12. Impacts of Great East Japan Earthquake  Nodes were not damaged even by the earthquake with a seismic intensity of 7 and continued to work even in areas where the blackout lasted for long periods of time (maximum of 96 hours) through emergency power supplies by refueling them until commercial power sources were recovered.  Primary circuits of links were severely affected, and two links were down, but the backbone could keep the routes between arbitrary core nodes open; and Sendai and Sapporo were not isolated.  The surviving nodes and links diverted the IPv4/IPv6 packets to other routes by OSPF, saved VPN packets by MPLS protection/FRR. : Core link (primary) : Core link (secondary) Sapporo Sapporo : Edge link (primary) : Edge link (secondary) 17h Hirosaki Hirosaki Earthquake Japan Sea : Blackout 28h Yamagata Yamagata 96hKanazawa Sendai Kanazawa Pacific Ocean Sendai Koriyama epicenter Koriyama Before After Tokyo Tokyo 12 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 13. Scholarly Information Services by NII ・ Provision of Scholarly Contents13 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 14. Big Picture: Scholarly Information Services by NII Papers IRs Books Database Projects CiNii CiNii NII-REO Articles JAIRO Books NII-DBR KAKEN indexing service Comprehensive Book and Serials Academic Official reports of E-journal metadata harvester Grants-in-aid for academic Catalogs Research Archives and papers for Japanese IRs For scientific 10 million Database research e-collections 15.3 million records 1.3 million records records 2.2 million records 0.67 million reports For universities 3.7 million articles NII-ELS Refereed and Un-refereed articles from NACSIS societies or bulletins -CAT 3.8 million articles JAIRO Cloud JSPS MEXT 学会 協会 Academic Society Institutional IOUP    J-Stage Repository Springer (JST) NDL University (250 organizations) Library (1.200 organizations) Publishers Other DB Services Universities and Institutions 14 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 15. Collaboration with University Libraries ・ Union catalog database ・ ERDB (under consideration) ・ Institutional repositories ・ Digital archiving15 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 16. NACSIS-CAT Bibliographic records 10Million Holding records 120Million Name Authority 1.6Million Member libraries 1,263  More than 90% universities in Japan  including 128 Foreign universities Related services  Inter-library loan  CiNii Books 16 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 17. NACSIS-ILL P h o t o c o p y r e 17 q OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 18. CiNii Books http://ci.nii.ac.jp/books/  NACSIS-CAT search engine  Start of service from Nov. 2011  Searchable from library collection information  Linked with library OPAC  Provision of various Web APIs18 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 19. Development of ERDB (Electronic Resources Database)Support for library staff Support for user access in management work Management tool User service (2) Library management CiNii (3) system Library Commercial management ERDB OPAC Seamless access University system Bibliography, contract information, A-Z list to both library staff use conditions, usage statistics, electronic and Excel Link etc. print resources resolver Simple (by unit of journal, book) management Discovery tool (1) service Data collection/integration Data development team NACSIS-CAT (NII/University libraries/JUSTICE) Commercial NII JJRNavi Publishers KB JISC KB+ NDL Academic OCLC KB JST societies Data source 19 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 20. ERDB: Providing Support for Management and Access (Scenario)(1) Development of ERDB and data sharing  Aggregate bibliographic, contract information, use condition, usage statistics and other data on domestic and foreign electronic resources (journals, e-books, etc.) into an electronic resources management database (ERDB).  Data development team comprising of university libraries, JUSTICE and NII will compile the data in advance(2) Support for university library operations  University library staff will be able to efficiently manage electronic resources by using ERDB data via various management tools(3) Support for user access  Users will be able to search and gain accurate and rapid access to necessary e-resources through CiNii, library OPAC, A-Z list, link resolvers by linking the data aggregated in ERDB with these applications  Seamless access to both print and electronic resources can be realized by providing cross-search with NACSIS-CAT and other existing data 20 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 21. Institutional Repositories What are Institutional Repositories?- Digital archiving systems that universities and other research/education institutions establish to collect, preserve and provide free access to the intellectual products they create. Also contributing to the promotion of open access by providing articles that (Contents archived) (Contents archived) have been published on foreign journals •• Academic papers (articles from academic journals, university Academic papers (articles from academic journals, university bulletin, and theses) bulletin, and theses) •• Other information such as technical reports, conference Other information such as technical reports, conference presentations, textbooks, data, etc. presentations, textbooks, data, etc. Role of universities -Construction of institutional repository -Collection and preservation of information produced by members of the institution -Information dissemination Collaboration21 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 22. NII-funded Programs 1st Period: FY2005-2007 2nd Period: FY2009-2009 3rd Period: FY2010-2012  3 Categories of Funding  Area 1: Content development for new IRs (31 institutions)  Area 2: Research and Development (8 projects)  Pilot studies to accelerate the deposit of content (e.g. Theses and Dissertations, Government-funded research publications)  Development of new value-added services, etc.  Area 3: Support for community activities (DRF, SCPJ)22 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 23. Expansion of Japanese IRs (1)23 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 24. Expansion of IRs (2) World total : 2165 Actually, Japan is – Japan is the fourth with 137 the 2nd with 258Open DOAR: Directory of Open Access Repositorieshttp://www.opendoar.org/  ( 2012/7/2 ) 24 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 25. Increase of Materials Deposited Ratio of full content types Number of records text Journal Article 287,061 54.0% Thesis or Dissertation 69,675 53.8% Departmental Bulletin Paper 544,724 88.6% Conference Paper 69,964 20.5% Others Presentation 10,163 39.1% Book 20,519 49.3% Technical Report 8,235 87.9% Research Paper 22,694 90.3% Article 48,058 82.5% Thesis or Preprint 348 91.7% Dissertation Learning Material 6,786 41.2% Data or Dataset 52,605 99.6%Conference Departmental Bulletin paper Software 25 76.0%Paper Others 142,118 93.2% SUM 1,282,975 74.8% http://irdb.nii.ac.jp/analysis/index_e.php  ( Last accessed : 2012/03/01 ) 25 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 26. JAIRO: Japanese Institutional Repositories Online http://jairo.nii.ac.jp/Limit search results bycontent type Limit search results by organization 26 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 27. JAIRO Cloud: National Infrastructure for Institutional Repositories in Japan Outline  Almost all national universities in Japan have their own repositories, but implementation rate of local/private universities stay around 10- 20%.  Limited resources and less technical knowledge, however, hamper implementation of IR especially in small universities.  JAIRO Cloud provides a shared instance of IR system on the virtual server hosted by NII since April 2012. Service Architecture  NII offers easy-to-navigate IR platform with free-of-charge in initial stage.  An easy-to-use repository module “WEKO” developed by NII, is used in the service.  Metadata in JAIRO Cloud and other IRs in Japan can be searchable on integrated retrieval services via API, for instance JAIRO and CiNii by NII. Future Plan  NII will aim at new construction of more 200 IRs by the 2017 fiscal year. 27 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 28. JAIRO Cloud: Service Architecture28 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 29. Digital Archiving Project Light archive  NII-REO  An archive to store contents jointly purchased by university libraries (local hosting server)  Electronic journals, backfiles (Springer, OUP)  Humanities & Social Sciences Collection (HCPP, MoMW) Dark archive  Collaboration with an international project for long-term preservation of electronic journals  Role as an Asian node for CLOCKSS (Controlled LOCKSS: Lots of Copies Keep Stuff Safe)  A joint project run together by publishers and university libraries around the world  Participating Japanese libraries: 30 (as of June 2012)29 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 30. Overview of NII-REO Foreign publisher University library Negotiation/contract consortium Foreign publisherPublisher server University A Search/view at publisher side University B Publisher server University C Collaboration University D University E NII NII-REO HSS OJA Cross searching of multiple Humanities & Social Sciences Collection Online Journal Archive publishers View of full text (contracted institutions only) - Light archive (accessible at all times) - Alternate access route when server or network failsLocal loading of - Ensures stable and permanent access - Shared platform for purchasedfull text … electronic resources such as backfiles 30 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 31. Collaboration with Academic Societies ・ Digitalization and provision of society journals ・ SPARC Japan ・ Informatics Square (under consideration) ・ KAKEN31 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 32. ELS & CiNii Articles  Article information service that serves as a part of Japan’s academic information infrastructure Research infrastructure Academic societies of researchers and Distribution /universities, etc. students throughoutCompilation/publication the world Digitization (Electronic library) (Scholarly and academic information navigator) FullText DB Article DB Academic society NII-ELS+CJP+ journals/research bulletins, etc. NDL journal article index+ IR+J-STAGE= About 3.8 million About 15.3 million articles articles 32 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 33. Metadata Consolidation http://ci.nii.ac.jp/National Institute of Informatics NII   ELS Fulltext link National Diet Overlapping of article Library Journal article information (“noise”) is index database eliminated to the utmost extent.Japan Science and With integration of data fromTechnology Agency J-STAGE multiple institutions, more Fulltext link texts can be reached. Institutional 15.3M   article metadata records Universities repositories   3.8M fulltext records aci fi t ne d at a D Fulltext link    18k journal titles Related institutions Other    5M search sessions / month    2M fulltext downloads / i (Japana Centra Revuo Medicina, etc.) month   33 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 34. CiNii Articles: Traffic Per month 2010.11 8,000,000 Indexed by Yahoo 7,000,000 PDF DL Search 6,000,000 2009.4 5,000,000 Drastic UI 4,000,000 renewal 2007.4 3,000,000 Indexed by 2,000,000 Google 1,000,000 0 2012/9/3 34 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference
    • 35. SPARC Japan Purpose Projects EffectsTo promote electronic publishing by Providing support for English journalsacademic societies and to establish that could compete internationallyinternational recognition of Japanesejournals Formation of anTo enhance international dissemination of To enhance international dissemination internationalJapanese research findings by nurturing capacity of Japanese academic societies academic journalworld-class journals community ・ Enhance dissemination capacity of leading Japanese journals ・ Enhance overseas promotion Actual state Pilot projects NII to support internationalization and to promote open access Training of young digitalization of 45 English academic experts through journals published in Japan as part of    the SPARC Japan project   Prioritized implementation of support projects Challenges Support to digital publishing of society journals under international collaborationDigitalization and open access need tobe further promoted to enhance the ・ Support for digitalization, internationalization and Creation of new business model building of academic journalsdissemination capacity of Japanese ・ Packaging, Supporting dissemination through portal business models forjournals ・ International collaboration (e.g. SPARC) academic journalsDigitalization and publishing of English ・ Projects based on collaboration with universityacademic journals have seen certain libraries Collaboprogress but not open access. ration Enhancement of International networking of Japanese Public and private universities scholarly publishers has progressed, however SPARC US SPARC EU communication publisher-library collaboration and JUSTICE ( Japan Alliance of University Library Consortia for infrastructure through awareness raising among researchers E-Resources ) Japan Science and Technology collaboration with need to be further promoted to achieve open access Agency university libraries 35 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 36. Activities of SPARC Japan Perspectives  To promote electronic publishing by academic societies and to establish international recognition of Japanese journals  To enhance international dissemination of Japanese research findings by nurturing world- class journals  To improve scholarly communication from an international perspective (promotion of open access)   Activities Phase 1: FY 2003-2005 Phase 2: FY 2006-2008 Phase 3: FY 2010-2012Application ofparticipating journals 45 partner journalsSupport for All partner journals digitalized indigitalization English, of which 13 journals are available only in electronic formSeminars Starting from 2005 2006-2008 (22 seminars) 2009-2011 (23 seminars) (10 seminars)Joint promotion Exhibits starting from 2007      Newsletters     First issue: Feb.          12 issues to 2009 date 36 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 37. Informatics SQUARE (planning phase)NII Researchers and Students Value Added Services:Citation Linking/Relevance = web-scale discovery service in Ranking/Annotation/SNS informatics Single Unified Index Metadata Aggregation/Consolidation Information Springer Processing Lecture Notes in Society of Japan Institute of Electronics, Computer Science Information and Communication Engineers ACM Institute of Digital Library Electrical Engineers IEEE of Japan IET Japanese Society for Artificial IntelligenceSocieties and Publishers Japan Society for Software Science and(Full-Text Venders) Technology 37 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 38. KAKEN:   Database of Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research Stores project outlines, reports, and findings of Grants-in-Aid projects http://kaken.nii.ac.jp/ Academic community / society Disseminating and returning the benefits of grants-in-aid projects to societyJSPS (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science) Link NII Universities Information Grants-in-aid 機関リポジトリ 機関リポジトリ Institutional management database Reports Metadata repositories Link Integrated system for Integrated system for Findings and related information Findings and related information of grants-in-aid projects of grants-in-aid projects Online application/registration Online application/registration (Published papers, research data, (Published papers, research data, software, audio, video software, audio, video information, etc.) information, etc.) Application/ Search/ Registration of findings Collaboration registration Research institutions retrieve and related information National Diet Library Researcher Researcher Reports of past projects Grants-in-aid data Researcher Researcher Digitalization of past data Digitalization of past data 38 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 39. Education and Training39 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 40. Training Programs NACSIS-CAT Training Course  Participants: NII staff responsible of catalog information services Information Academic Library  Aim: Acquire skill and knowledge on Center 基 operation of union catalog database Specialized本 Internship Certification Specialized Training Course NACSIS- Program System CAT/ILL  Participants: University staff involved in Workshop research support Web Service  Aim: Acquire skill and knowledge on Information  Web Service Literacy  Information Literacy Mid-level  Certification System Librarian Internship Program  Participants: Librarians, staff engaged in the operation of electronic computers and networks  Aim: Acquire skill and knowledge to handle NACSIS- NACSIS- advanced scholarly information systems CAT ILL through several months of hands-on training at NII 40 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 41. Summing-Up: Three Roles of NII Role as a Data Provider  Contents creation in collaboration with university libraries and academic societies  NACSIS-CAT, ELS, JAIRO Cloud, KAKEN, REO Role as a Service Provider  Provision of value-added services to the contents through cooperation with related institutions  NACSIS-ILL, CiNii Articles + Books, JAIRO Role as a Supporting Organization  Provision of training to librarians and society staff, advocacy activities  Commissioning of projects (funding)  Education & Training, SPARC Japan Seminar, Funding Programs 41 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3
    • 42. Thank you for your attention!42 OCLC Asia Pacific Regional Council 2012 Membership Conference 2012/9/3

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