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  1. 1. World Heath Organization (WHO) Y. Pavitra (92 Batch) A V Medical College,Pondicherry
  2. 2. BACKGROUND <ul><li>World Health Organisation (WHO) is a specialized, </li></ul><ul><li>nonpolitical,health agency of the United Nations </li></ul><ul><li>Established on- 7 April 1948. </li></ul><ul><li>Headquarter-Geneva. </li></ul><ul><li>World Health Day- 7 April ,every year </li></ul><ul><li>A World Heath Day theme is chosen each year </li></ul><ul><li>The formation of WHO represents the culmination of efforts </li></ul><ul><li>to establish a single worldwide inter-governmental health agency </li></ul>
  3. 3. WHO Headquarters in Geneva
  4. 4. OBJECTIVE OF WHO <ul><li>“ the attainment of highest level of heath by all people” </li></ul><ul><li>HFA by 2000: </li></ul><ul><li>Attainment by all people of the world by the year 2000AD of a level of health that will permit them to lead a socially and economically productive life </li></ul>
  5. 5. HEALTH ACCORING TO WHO <ul><li>“ Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” </li></ul><ul><li>Not only is this the WHO’s definition of health but is also the preamble an introduction of the Constitution </li></ul>
  6. 6. MEMBERSHIP <ul><li>Membership into WHO is open to all countries. </li></ul><ul><li>All countries that are part of the UN are also members of WHO, with the exception of Switzerland as an example of a country which is part of WHO but not the UN </li></ul>
  7. 7. WHO’S WORK <ul><li>To act as the directing and coordinating authority on </li></ul><ul><li>all international health work </li></ul><ul><li>Collectively identify priority health problems throughout the world, define collectively health policies and targets to cope with the policies </li></ul><ul><li>Devise strategies, principles and programs </li></ul><ul><li>Establish and promote international standards in the field of health </li></ul>
  8. 8. WHO’S WORK <ul><li>Prevention and control of specific diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Development of comprehensive health services </li></ul><ul><li>Family health </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental health </li></ul><ul><li>Health statistics </li></ul><ul><li>Bio-medical research </li></ul><ul><li>Health literature and information </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperation with other organizations </li></ul>
  9. 9. STRUCTURE <ul><li>WHO consists of 3 principal organs </li></ul><ul><li>World Health Assembly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The main functions: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to determine international health policy and programmes, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to review the work of the past year, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to approve the budget needed for the following year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to elect Member States to designate a person to serve for three years on the Executive Board . </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. STRUCTURE <ul><li>2. The Executive Board </li></ul><ul><li>The representatives are designated by, but do not represent their governments. </li></ul><ul><li>The main works: </li></ul><ul><li>to give effect to the decisions and policies of the Assembly </li></ul><ul><li>to take action itself in an emergency (epidemics, earthquakes and floods) </li></ul>
  11. 11. STRUCTURE <ul><li>3. The Secretariat </li></ul><ul><li>It provides technical and managerial support to member countries for their national health programmes </li></ul>
  12. 12. REGIONS WHO member countries from SEAR: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Korea, India, Indonesia, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Timor- Leste REGION HEADQUARTER 1. South East Asia New Delhi (India) 2. Africa Harare (Zimbabwe) 3. The Americas Washington D.C (U.S.A) 4. Europe Copenhagen (Denmark) 5. Eastern Mediterranean Alexandria (Egypt) 6. Western Pacific Manila (Philippines)
  13. 13. World Health Day Themes 2001: mental health: stop exclusion, dare to care 2002: move for health 2003: healthy environment for children 2004: road safety 2005: make every mother and child count 2006: working together for health 2007: invest in health, build a safer future 2008: protecting health from climate change 
  14. 14. THANK YOU