Disaster Management
DR.VIKRAM GUPTA
PG Student(PSM),Patiala
Disaster
• A Disaster can be defined as “any occurrence
that causes damage, ecological disruption,
loss of human life or d...
Hazard
• A Hazard can be defined as any phenomenon
that has the potential to cause disruption or
damage to people & enviro...
• Emergencies & disasters affect health & well-
being of the people
• Large numbers of people are displaced, killed
or inj...
DISASTER IN INDIA
 India has been traditionally vulnerable to natural disasters on
account of its unique geo-climatic con...
• The super cyclone in Orissa in October, 1999
and the Bhuj earthquake in Gujarat in January,
2001 underscored the need to...
• United Nations General Assembly, in 1989,
declared the decade 1990-2000 as the
International Decade for Natural Disaster...
Types of Disasters
• Earthquakes
• Cyclones & Tornadoes
• Floods & Tidal Waves
• Landslides & Volcanic Eruptions
• Hurrica...
Types of Disasters……………
• Building Collapse
• Toxicological Accidents
• Nuclear Accidents
• Warfare
(Warfare is a special ...
Earthquakes have highest mortality as a result of people
being crushed by falling objects & at night they are deadly
Factors affecting Injuries & death
• Type of disaster
• Density & distribution of the population
• Condition of the Enviro...
Injuries >>> Death
• Explosions
• Eartquakes
• Typhoons & Hurricanes
• Fires
Death >>> Injuries
• Landslides
• Avalanches
• Volcanic Eruptions
• Tidal waves
• Floods
Morbidity of Disaster
• On the whole, morbidity which results from a
disaster situation can be classified into four
types:...
Disaster Management
• There are three Fundamental aspects:
1.Disaster Response
2. Disaster Preparedness
3. Disaster Mit...
Disaster Impact & Response
• Search Rescue & First-aid- most immediate help
comes from uninjured survivors.
• Field care- ...
Triage
• Triage consists of rapidly classifying the injured
on the basis of the severity of their injuries & the
likelihoo...
Red indicates highest priority of t/t.
Yellow signals medium priority
Green indicates ambulatory patients
Black for De...
Relief Phase
• This phase begins when assistance from outside
starts to reach the disaster area.
• The needed supplies wil...
Epidemiological surveillance &
Disease Control
• Disasters can increase the transmission of
Communicable diseases by
Over...
After Disaster
• There may be
Gastroenteritis outbreak
Acute respiratory infections
Vector Borne diseases
Zoonoses
Epidemiological surveillance &
Disease Control……………….
• Implement all public health measure as soon
as possible
• Organize...
Rehabilitation
• It starts from very first moment of disaster.
• Water supply – increase residual chlorine level
to about ...
• Food safety personal hygiene & kitchen
sanitation must be ensured.
• Basic Sanitation & personal Hygiene Safe
excreta di...
Disaster Preparedness
• Adopting standards & regulations
• Organize communication, information &
warning symptoms
SAARC Disaster Committee
Thanks…….
Disaster Management
Disaster Management
Disaster Management
Disaster Management
Disaster Management
Disaster Management
Disaster Management
Disaster Management
Disaster Management
Disaster Management
Disaster Management
Disaster Management
Disaster Management
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Disaster Management

  1. 1. Disaster Management DR.VIKRAM GUPTA PG Student(PSM),Patiala
  2. 2. Disaster • A Disaster can be defined as “any occurrence that causes damage, ecological disruption, loss of human life or deterioration of health & health services on a scale sufficient to warrant an extraordinary response from outside the effected community or area.”
  3. 3. Hazard • A Hazard can be defined as any phenomenon that has the potential to cause disruption or damage to people & environment
  4. 4. • Emergencies & disasters affect health & well- being of the people • Large numbers of people are displaced, killed or injured or subjected to greater RISK OF EPIDEMICS. • Disasters cause great harm to the existing infrastructure & threaten the future of sustainable development.
  5. 5. DISASTER IN INDIA  India has been traditionally vulnerable to natural disasters on account of its unique geo-climatic conditions.  Floods, droughts, cyclones, earthquakes and landslides have been a recurrent phenomena.  About 60% of the landmass is prone to earthquakes of various intensities; over 40 million hectares is prone to floods;  about 8% of the total area is prone to cyclones and 68% of the area is susceptible to drought.  In the decade 1990-2000, an average of about 4344 people lost their lives and about 30 million people were affected by disasters every year.  The loss in terms of private, community and public assets has been astronomical.
  6. 6. • The super cyclone in Orissa in October, 1999 and the Bhuj earthquake in Gujarat in January, 2001 underscored the need to adopt a multi dimensional endeavour involving diverse scientific, engineering, financial and social processes; the need to adopt multi disciplinary and multi sectoral approach and incorporation of risk reduction in the developmental plans and strategies.
  7. 7. • United Nations General Assembly, in 1989, declared the decade 1990-2000 as the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction with the objective to reduce loss of lives and property and restrict socio-economic damage through concerted international action, specially in developing countries.
  8. 8. Types of Disasters • Earthquakes • Cyclones & Tornadoes • Floods & Tidal Waves • Landslides & Volcanic Eruptions • Hurricanes • Snow storms • Severe Air Pollution (Smog) • Famines • Epidemics
  9. 9. Types of Disasters…………… • Building Collapse • Toxicological Accidents • Nuclear Accidents • Warfare (Warfare is a special category as damage is the Intended Goal of Action)
  10. 10. Earthquakes have highest mortality as a result of people being crushed by falling objects & at night they are deadly
  11. 11. Factors affecting Injuries & death • Type of disaster • Density & distribution of the population • Condition of the Environment • Degree of the preparedness • Oppurtunities of Warning
  12. 12. Injuries >>> Death • Explosions • Eartquakes • Typhoons & Hurricanes • Fires
  13. 13. Death >>> Injuries • Landslides • Avalanches • Volcanic Eruptions • Tidal waves • Floods
  14. 14. Morbidity of Disaster • On the whole, morbidity which results from a disaster situation can be classified into four types: • 1. Injuries • 2. Emotional Stress • 3. Epidemic of the Disease • 4. Increase in the Indigenous Diseases.
  15. 15. Disaster Management • There are three Fundamental aspects: 1.Disaster Response 2. Disaster Preparedness 3. Disaster Mitigation
  16. 16. Disaster Impact & Response • Search Rescue & First-aid- most immediate help comes from uninjured survivors. • Field care- Proper care , beds, surgical services, food , shelter , inquiry Centre establishment, Victim’s identification & provision of adequate mortuary space. • Triage • Tagging regarding name age address, diagnosis & treatment • Identification of dead & shifting to mortuary & reception of bereaved relatives.
  17. 17. Triage • Triage consists of rapidly classifying the injured on the basis of the severity of their injuries & the likelihood of their survival with prompt medical intervention. • Highest priority is granted to victims whose immediate or long term prognosis can be dramatically affected by simple intensive care. • Moribund patients who require a great deal of attention , with questionable benefit have the lowest priority.
  18. 18. Red indicates highest priority of t/t. Yellow signals medium priority Green indicates ambulatory patients Black for Dead or Moribund patients
  19. 19. Relief Phase • This phase begins when assistance from outside starts to reach the disaster area. • The needed supplies will include food , blankets , clothings , shelter , sanitary engineering Equipment & construction material. • Four principal components in managing humanitarian supplies: • a) Acquisition of supplies b)Transportation • c)Storage D) Distribution
  20. 20. Epidemiological surveillance & Disease Control • Disasters can increase the transmission of Communicable diseases by Overcrowding & poor sanitation Population displacement Contaminated water supply Disruption of routine control programmes Breeding of vectors Displacement of domestic & wild animals who carry zoonoses e.g. Leptospirosis in Orissa cyclone
  21. 21. After Disaster • There may be Gastroenteritis outbreak Acute respiratory infections Vector Borne diseases Zoonoses
  22. 22. Epidemiological surveillance & Disease Control………………. • Implement all public health measure as soon as possible • Organize a reliable disease reporting system to identify outbreaks and to promptly initiate disease control measures • Investigate rapidly
  23. 23. Rehabilitation • It starts from very first moment of disaster. • Water supply – increase residual chlorine level to about 0.2-0.5mg per litre. • Keep safe the water resources by fencing & restricting access of animals. • Prevent every possible means of contamination
  24. 24. • Food safety personal hygiene & kitchen sanitation must be ensured. • Basic Sanitation & personal Hygiene Safe excreta disposal should be ensured. • Vector Control must be Intensified.
  25. 25. Disaster Preparedness • Adopting standards & regulations • Organize communication, information & warning symptoms
  26. 26. SAARC Disaster Committee
  27. 27. Thanks…….
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