Thai Language pdf

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  • 1. Thai LanguageThursday, January 12, 12
  • 2. Overview ✦ National Language of Thailand ✦ Uninflected, primarily monosyllabic, tonal language ✦ Tai-Kadai family ✦ Originated on Vietnam and China border ✦ Eastern Myanmar, Norther Vietnam, Yunnan, LaosThursday, January 12, 12
  • 3. Written Thai Language ✦ Introduced by the 3rd king of Sukhothai period ✦ King Ramkhamhaeng ✦ Based on Pali, Sanskrit, and Indian concepts ✦ Hill Tribes wordsThursday, January 12, 12
  • 4. Regional Variation ✦ 4 major dialects ‘Central Thai’, ‘Southern’, ‘Northern’, and Northeastern (close to Lao language)’ ✦ Central Thai or Bangkok Thai- being taught in school, television broadcasts, widely understood ✦ English is taught in all public schoolsThursday, January 12, 12
  • 5. Four Thai Languages ✦ Used differently in each social circumstances ✦ Thai royalty, monks, polite people, crude communication ✦ Example: to eat= Saweuy, Chan, Tarn, KinThursday, January 12, 12
  • 6. Alphabet and Tone ✦ First Thai alphabet in 1283 ✦ 44 consonants ✦ 15 basic vowel characters ✦ Horizontally placed, left to right ✦ Vowels are written above, below, before, after ✦ Example: แก กา ก้า กู เก้าThursday, January 12, 12
  • 7. Tonal Language ✦ Thai alphabet is phonemic ✦ Possible to pronounce a word without knowing its meaning ✦ Tonal language ✦ Each word has a certain pitch characteristic ✦ Five tones: mid, low, high, rising, fallingThursday, January 12, 12
  • 8. Practice your ToneThursday, January 12, 12
  • 9. Practice your Tone ✦ Mid Low High Rising FallingThursday, January 12, 12
  • 10. Practice your Tone ✦ Mid Low High Rising Falling ✦ MaThursday, January 12, 12
  • 11. Practice your Tone ✦ Mid Low High Rising Falling ✦ Ma ✦ Come - - Horse DogThursday, January 12, 12
  • 12. Practice your Tone ✦ Mid Low High Rising Falling ✦ Ma ✦ Come - - Horse Dog ✦ NaThursday, January 12, 12
  • 13. Practice your Tone ✦ Mid Low High Rising Falling ✦ Ma ✦ Come - - Horse Dog ✦ Na ✦ Rice Field - Face/ Page Aunt ThickThursday, January 12, 12
  • 14. Thai Consonants •Practice Thai Consonants http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=UwWY3aLG2D8&feature=related •Thai ABC •http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=wuGfLRSAZXU&feature=relatedThursday, January 12, 12
  • 15. VowelsThursday, January 12, 12
  • 16. Let’s write your names ✦ Janel Anderson ✦ Consonants: จ น ล อ น ด ร ส น ✦ Vowels: า เ แ เ อ ์ ั ✦ จาเนล แอนเดอร์สันThursday, January 12, 12
  • 17. Thai Names ✦ ซอว์เยอร์ กอเธล ✦ บริททานี พีเทอร์ซัน ✦ บาร์บารา คุก ✦ เอริค ไรเดเซล ✦ ไทเลอร์ ฮิกกินส์ ✦ แซรา ชิมแชค ✦ คริสทีนา คาร์ลซ ✦ บรีอานา สมิธ ✦ แทรา แลง ✦ แดเนียล สแทนดิฟอร์ด ✦ แมคคัลลี แมคโดนัลด์ ✦ ซาแวนนา ซันดท์ ✦ ไบรอาร์ เอเลอร์ ✦ รีเบคคา เทาท์Thursday, January 12, 12
  • 18. Thai Numbers 1 = ๑ = Nueng 6 = ๖ = Hok 2 = ๒ = Song 7 = ๗ = Jet 3 = ๓ = Sarm 8 = ๘ = Pbad 4 = ๔ = Sii 9 = ๙ = Gao 5 = ๕ = Ha 10 = ๑๐ = SibThursday, January 12, 12
  • 19. Writing Thai Numbers ✦ In your study guideThursday, January 12, 12
  • 20. Exercise: Thai NumberThursday, January 12, 12
  • 21. Exercise: Thai Number ✦ Mr. Chaht has ๓ daughters and Wipa has ๒ sons.Thursday, January 12, 12
  • 22. Exercise: Thai Number ✦ Mr. Chaht has ๓ daughters and Wipa has ๒ sons. ✦ There are ๒๓ staff working in the English Program; ๑๒ Thais and ๑๑ foreigners.Thursday, January 12, 12
  • 23. Exercise: Thai Number ✦ Mr. Chaht has ๓ daughters and Wipa has ๒ sons. ✦ There are ๒๓ staff working in the English Program; ๑๒ Thais and ๑๑ foreigners. ✦ Sa-nugan Ying School address is ๑๓๔ Prachatippatai Road, Suphanburi, Thailand, ๗๒๐๐๐Thursday, January 12, 12
  • 24. Exercise: Thai Number ✦ Mr. Chaht has ๓ daughters and Wipa has ๒ sons. ✦ There are ๒๓ staff working in the English Program; ๑๒ Thais and ๑๑ foreigners. ✦ Sa-nugan Ying School address is ๑๓๔ Prachatippatai Road, Suphanburi, Thailand, ๗๒๐๐๐ ✦ Mr. Chaht’s phone number is +๖๖๘๑- ๘๕๘๗๖๗๘Thursday, January 12, 12
  • 25. Exercise: Thai Number ✦ Mr. Chaht has ๓ daughters and Wipa has ๒ sons. ✦ There are ๒๓ staff working in the English Program; ๑๒ Thais and ๑๑ foreigners. ✦ Sa-nugan Ying School address is ๑๓๔ Prachatippatai Road, Suphanburi, Thailand, ๗๒๐๐๐ ✦ Mr. Chaht’s phone number is +๖๖๘๑- ๘๕๘๗๖๗๘ ✦ Kru Tuke’s phone number is +๖๖๘๙-๘๓๖๔๔๐๓Thursday, January 12, 12
  • 26. Self IntroductionThursday, January 12, 12
  • 27. Self Introduction ✦ Sa wad dee Ka/ KrubThursday, January 12, 12
  • 28. Self Introduction ✦ Sa wad dee Ka/ Krub ✦ สวัสดี ค่ะ/ ครับThursday, January 12, 12
  • 29. Self Introduction ✦ Sa wad dee Ka/ Krub ✦ สวัสดี ค่ะ/ ครับ ✦ Di Chan/ Phom Chue.............................. Ka/ KrubThursday, January 12, 12
  • 30. Self Introduction ✦ Sa wad dee Ka/ Krub ✦ สวัสดี ค่ะ/ ครับ ✦ Di Chan/ Phom Chue.............................. Ka/ Krub ✦ ดิฉัน/ ผม ชื่อ.............................................. ค่ะ/ครับThursday, January 12, 12
  • 31. Self Introduction ✦ Sa wad dee Ka/ Krub ✦ สวัสดี ค่ะ/ ครับ ✦ Di Chan/ Phom Chue.............................. Ka/ Krub ✦ ดิฉัน/ ผม ชื่อ.............................................. ค่ะ/ครับ ✦ Ar Yu ............... pbeeThursday, January 12, 12
  • 32. Self Introduction ✦ Sa wad dee Ka/ Krub ✦ สวัสดี ค่ะ/ ครับ ✦ Di Chan/ Phom Chue.............................. Ka/ Krub ✦ ดิฉัน/ ผม ชื่อ.............................................. ค่ะ/ครับ ✦ Ar Yu ............... pbee ✦ อายุ ................... ปีThursday, January 12, 12
  • 33. Self Introduction ✦ Sa wad dee Ka/ Krub ✦ สวัสดี ค่ะ/ ครับ ✦ Di Chan/ Phom Chue.............................. Ka/ Krub ✦ ดิฉัน/ ผม ชื่อ.............................................. ค่ะ/ครับ ✦ Ar Yu ............... pbee ✦ อายุ ................... ปี ✦ Rien Grade ......... Tii Rong Rien Lodi High School Ka/ KrubThursday, January 12, 12
  • 34. Self Introduction ✦ Sa wad dee Ka/ Krub ✦ สวัสดี ค่ะ/ ครับ ✦ Di Chan/ Phom Chue.............................. Ka/ Krub ✦ ดิฉัน/ ผม ชื่อ.............................................. ค่ะ/ครับ ✦ Ar Yu ............... pbee ✦ อายุ ................... ปี ✦ Rien Grade ......... Tii Rong Rien Lodi High School Ka/ Krub ✦ เรียนเกรด ........ ที่โรงเรียนโลดาย ไฮสคูล ค่ะ/ ครับThursday, January 12, 12
  • 35. Self Introduction ✦ Wanni Di Chan/ Phom Kor Nam Sa-nuer Ngan Kon Kwa ✦ วันนี้ ดิฉัน/ ผม ขอนําเสนองานค้นคว้า ✦ Rueng Garn Dern Tang Tong Tiew Nai Pbra Thet ✦ เรื่องการเดินทางท่องเที่ยวในประเทศ ✦ Asia Ta Wan Ork Chiang Tai Ka/ Krub ✦ เอเชียตะวันออกเฉียงใต้ ค่ะ/ครับThursday, January 12, 12
  • 36. Useful Thai: Greeting ✦ Good Morning ✦ Sa Wad Di Torn Chao Ka/ Krub ✦ Good Afternoon ✦ Sa Wad Di Torn Bai Ka/ Krub ✦ Good Bye ✦ La Gorn Ka/ KrubThursday, January 12, 12
  • 37. Everyday Conversation ✦ Have you eaten yet? ✦ How are you? ✦ Tarn Khao Rue Young Ka/ Krub? ✦ Sa Bai Di Mai Ka/ Krub? ✦ Yes, I have. ✦ I’m fine/ good. ✦ Tarn Laew Ka/ Krub ✦ Sa Bai Di Ka/ Krub ✦ No, I haven’t ✦ Young Mai Dai Tarn Ka/ KrubThursday, January 12, 12
  • 38. Everyday Conversation ✦ Where did you just go? ✦ I’m sorry. ✦ Pbai Nai Ma? ✦ Di Chan/ Phom Kor Tode Ka/ Krub ✦ Where are you going? ✦ That’s alright./ Never mind ✦ Gum Lung Ja Pai Ti Nai? ✦ Mai Pben Rai Ka/ Krub ✦ Yes = Chai Ka/ Krub ✦ No = Mai Ka/ KrubThursday, January 12, 12
  • 39. Let’s speak Thai A: Sa Wad Di Ka/ Krub B: Sa Wad Di Ka/ Krub A: Sa Bai Di Mai Ka/ Krub? B: Sa Bai Di Ka A: Khun Tarn Khao Rue Young Ka/ Krub? B: Tarn Laew Ka/ KrubThursday, January 12, 12
  • 40. Food ✦ Banana = Gluoy ✦ Pork = Moo ✦ Orange = Som ✦ Chicken = Gai ✦ Apple = Apple ✦ Beef = Nuer ✦ Papaya = Ma La Gor ✦ Fish = Pbla ✦ Pineapple = Sab Pba Rod ✦ Prawn = Goong ✦ Coconut = Ma Praw ✦ Duck = Pbed ✦ Pumpkin = Fuck Thong ✦ Tofu = Tao Hu ✦ Chili = Prik ✦ Vegetable = Phak ✦ SupapornThursday, January 12, 12
  • 41. Food ✦ Thai Omelet = Kai Jiew ✦ Fried Rice = Kao Pad ✦ Papaya Spicy Salad = Som Tum ✦ Spicy Seafood Soup = Tom Yum Ta-leThursday, January 12, 12
  • 42. Food Conversation ✦ I don’t eat spicy food. ✦ Di Chan Mai Gin Phet ✦ I like omelet. ✦ Di Chan/ Phom Chorb Gin Kai JiewThursday, January 12, 12
  • 43. Traveling ✦ How can I get to....? ✦ Di Chan/ Phom Ja Pbai ...........Yang Rai? ✦ Go Straight = Trong Pbai ✦ Turn Left = Liew Sai ✦ Turn Right = Liew KwaThursday, January 12, 12
  • 44. References ✦ http://jazripper.blogspot.com/2010/05/thai-keyboard-layout.html ✦ http://pubs.opengroup.org/onlinepubs/9638399/overview.htm ✦ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SmMjbUA2Vkk ✦ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Taikadai-en.svg ✦ http://iluvthailand.wordpress.com/2008/03/10/history-of-the-thai-language- and-thai-alphabet/ ✦ http://www.cnx-translation.com/forum/viewtopic.php?t=95Thursday, January 12, 12