Islam of sea

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Islam of sea

  1. 1. Southeast asia studies Nov. 2011 - Jan. 2012 FOR LODI HIGH SCHOOL ISLAM OF SOUTHEAST ASIA REVIEW: MAINLAND SEA SEA R E V I E W R E V I E W : I N S U L A R SEA I S L A M ’ S A R R I VA L OF SEA
  2. 2. Southeast asia studies Nov. 2011 - Jan. 2012 FOR LODI HIGH SCHOOL ISLAM OF SOUTHEAST ASIAWHERE W E R E T H E M U S L I M S F RO M ? WHY WAS ISLAM ADOPTED? SPREAD OF ISLAM IN SEA ADOPTION OF ISLAM
  3. 3. Southeast asia studies Nov. 2011 - Jan. 2012 FOR LODI HIGH SCHOOL ISLAM OF SOUTHEAST ASIA 30˚N 11. Southeast Asia: Dominant Religions, CHINA circa 2000 Theravada Buddhism Islam TAIWAN Mahayana Buddhism Christianity MYANMAR Traditional Religions Hinduism (BURMA) LAOS After Ninian Smart, Atlas of World Religions, 1999; and Charles Fisher, South-East Asia: A Social, Economic and Political Geography, 1964. THAILAND 15˚N VIETNAM CAMBODIA PHILIPPINES THAILAND MALAYSIA BRUNEI MALAYSIA SINGAPORE 0˚ (Equator) INDONESIA INDONESIA Sumatra Molucca INDONESIA Kalimantan INDONESIA INDONESIA Sulawesi Papua INDONESIA Java INDONESIA TIMOR-LESTE Bali Questions 1. According to the presentation, from what areas of the world did Islam arrive in Southeast Asia? 2. Why did rulers of chiefs in Southeast Asia frequently adopt Islam? 3. What role did language play in the spread of Islam? 4. In what parts of Southeast Asia did Islam take to hold most successfully? Why?
  4. 4. Southeast asia studies Nov. 2011 - Jan. 2012 FOR LODI HIGH SCHOOL ISLAM OF SOUTHEAST ASIA T I M E L I N E S H OW I N G C O N V E R S AT I O N T O I S L A M Using the appropriate maps, write the following locations on the timeline, indicating the time period of their conversion to Islam. Saudi Arabia is done for you. 1. Eurasia: Expansion of Islam n Syria, Oman, Iran, Uzbekistan, Pakistan, India 2. Southeast Asia: Conversion to Islam n Singapore, Java, Sumatra, Interior Malay Peninsula, Exterior Malay Peninsula, Papua (Indonesia) 600 800 1000 1200 1500 1800 Use the map below to answer the following questions 1. Describe the kind of trade being carried on in Southeast Asia around 1500 in terms of distance and activity. 2. According to this map, what city seemed to be the trading center of Southeast Asia? What are the factors that may have contributed to this? 3. What types of products seem to have been traded throughout Southeast Asia? 4. How might trade be connected to the conversion to Islam?
  5. 5. Southeast asia studies Nov. 2011 - Jan. 2012 FOR LODI HIGH SCHOOL ISLAM OF SOUTHEAST ASIA Use this map to answer the following questions 1. Why do you think, given the information found on this map, that coastal travel and inter-island travel might have been so extensive? 2. According to the map, why might trade have been limited to the coastal areas? 3. How might the geographic features shown on this map have encourage or discouraged the spread of Islam? Answer the questions 1. What are the most common language and language family spoken among the islands of Southeast Asia? 2. How did the Austronesian malay language help in the spread of Islam? 3. The Trade Links of Melaka, circa 1500 map can also be used to track the areas in which Malay would also have been spoken. Compare the maps. It should be noted that people in the interior would be less likely to know malay and less link to trade routes than people living on the coasts. How might this explain why Islam was stronger along the coasts, and why many interior groups in Indonesia remained animist (despite Christian missionaries moving into those areas and beginning to make Christian converts during the colonial period)? 105˚E 30˚N 120˚E 135˚E CHINA 11. Southeast Asia: Dominant Religion circa 2000 s, Theravada Buddhism Islam TAIWAN MYANMAR Mahayana Buddhism (BURMA) Christianity LAOS Traditional Religions Hinduism Answer the questions After Ninian Smart, Atlas of World Religions, South-East Asia: 1999; and Charles A Social, Economic and Political Geography, Fisher, 1964. THAILAND 15˚N CAMBODIA VIETNAM PHILIPPINES THAILAND 1. Where in Southeast Asia is Islam the predominant religion today? 0˚ (Equator) MALAYSIA INDONESIA SINGAPORE BRUNEI MALAYSIA Sumatra INDONESIA INDONESIA Kalimantan Molucca INDONESIA Sulawesi INDONESIA Papua INDONESIA Java INDONESIA Bali TIMOR-LESTE 0 500 1000 km 15˚S 0 500 1000 mi 2. Why do you think some areas lack significant Muslim populations while Muslim populations AUSTRALIA dominate other areas?

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