Aung san suu kyi pdf

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Aung san suu kyi pdf

  1. 1. AUNG SAN SUU KYI The Lady of Burma
  2. 2. AUNG SAN SUU KYI Burma’s pro-democracy leader Fought against former socialist leader General Ne-Win Spent more than 15 years in under full watch (detention) Most of it under house arrest
  3. 3. HISTORY Colonized by the British 1940s- General Aung San led fight for independence from the British under Burma Independence Army Aung San was assassinated by political rivals in 1947. Independence in 1948- Democratic government and constitution established 1962 coup- military group overthrew the democratic government, led by General Ne Win General Aung San
  4. 4. HISTORY 1962-1974 Military ruled the country headed by Gen. Ne Win Business, media, production were under government control. Under ‘the Burmese Way to Socialism’ Socialist government with superstitious belief. In 1974, new constitution adopted, country was ruled as a one-party system. Led to ‘the 8888 Uprising’ (8 August 1988) General Ne Win
  5. 5. THE 8888 UPRISING (CAUSES) Withdrawal of currency notes w/o compensation Failure of the Burmese Way to Socialism Police Brutality Military dictatorship Corruption
  6. 6. POLITICAL CAUSES (CONT) Highly oppressive policies Lack of freedom of speech No guarantee of fair public trials Suppression of ethnic minority groups Flawed electoral laws
  7. 7. THE 8888 UPRISING Demonstration/ Riots/ Civil Disobedience/ Strike Action Monks, young children, university students, housewives, doctors, and lawyers 1 million protesters in Yangon, 500,000 at Schwedagon Pagoda, 500,000 at downtown Yangon, 100,000 in Mandalay 3,000-10,000 deaths, ten thousands fled to Thailand.
  8. 8. NATIONAL ICON FOR DEMOCRACY In 1988, Aung San Suu Kyi returned home to Burma to be with her dying mother. The 8888 Uprising inspired Aung San Suu Kyi. Became a national icon of Burmese to democracy Inspired by both Mahatama Gandhi’s philosophy of nonviolence and Buddhist concepts
  9. 9. POLITICAL EFFECTS Suu Kyi helped found the NLD, the National League for Demoracy, appointed Gen.Secretary In 1990 Burmese dictatorship was forced to hold a general election. Suu Kyi was already being detained under house arrest before the election. (since 1989) NLD won majority of seats in Parliament (392 out of 447), but results were ignored. Over 2,000 members of the NLD was arrested.
  10. 10. HOUSE ARREST Suu Kyi was held under house arrest until July, 1995 Received Nobel Peace Prize in 1991 In 2000- put under house arrest again In 2002, she was released again with freedom to travel the country. No phone, no mail, and no security
  11. 11. 2007 SAFFRON REVOLUTION
  12. 12. 2007 SAFFRON REVOLUTION Saffron colored robe of monks Increasing Oil Price up to 66% 30,000-100,000 people demonstrating in Yangon The largest Burmese antigovernment protest in 20 years The military junta was sanctioned by the US, EU, and Canada
  13. 13. FAMILY REUNION Remain under house arrest for almost 15 of the 21 years from July 1989 Recent release on 13 November 2010 Kim Aris was granted a visa in November 2010 First met in 10 years
  14. 14. INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS Suu Kyi met with Hillary Clinton on 1 December 2011 Met Thai Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra in Yangon on 21 December 2011 Met British Foreign Minister William Hague met Aung San Suu Kyi on 5 January 2012
  15. 15. POLITICAL FUTURE Plan to run for the presidency in Myanmar’s 2015 elections
  16. 16. BRAINSTORMING What does it take for a person to manage 15 years under house arrest? If you were to meet Aung San Suu Kyi in person, what questions would you ask?
  17. 17. CITATIONS http://financialpress.com/2012/09/20/myanmar-democratic-activistaccepts-top-congressional-honor/ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/women/mother-tongue/9349279/The-painof-Aung-Sun-Suu-Kyis-sons-parted-from-their-mother-for-25-years.html http://www.12ozprophet.com/forum/showthread.php?t=120633 http://www.reuters.com/article/2007/09/25/us-myanmaridUSB58859920070925

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