Public Lecture PPT (5.15.2012) Japan’s three territorial issues

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Public Lecture PPT (5.15.2012) Japan’s three territorial issues

  1. 1. Japan’s ThreeTerritorial Issues May 15, 2012 Kazuhiko Togo Kyoto Sangyo University
  2. 2. Northern Territories: PastHistorical memory: Summer 1945Cold War: 51 San Francisco; 56 JointDeclaration; 60 Gromyko statementPost-Cold War: 25 years of negotiations KE talk HStransfer KEdecide 91 Ka.-Go. OK NO ------ 93 Tok.D. OK OK indirect ------ 01 Irkutsk OK OK start
  3. 3. Northern Territories: Present2006 Russian decisions:Resume talks + Invest to the islands2009 “unlawful occupation” 2010 Medvedev’s visit to Kunashiri2012: Putin reelected as presidentMarch 1 Press interviewMay 7 Inauguration
  4. 4. Northern Territories: FutureHow should we evaluate Putin?Probably last stage negotiations areopened for the foreseeable futureEconomic cooperation projectsStarting from Irkutsk  Anything but“four islands en bloc (ikkatsu)”Half to one year negotiations periodWho are the negotiators?
  5. 5. Senkaku: Past1895~1971 Japanese sovereignty, noobjection from China or Taiwan1971: Taiwan and china claim (Oil 1968)72 Zhou “not now”; 78 Deng “nextgeneration”  tacit agreement to shelve90 China’s territorial water law97 Fishery agreement02 GOJ lease 04 seven activists landing
  6. 6. Senkaku: Present2008 Research vessels for 9 hours sailing2010.9.7 Collision of fishery vessels to coastguards“core interests” : key strategic locationbetween Taiwan and Okinawa, which is onthe first islands chainPossibility to explode as historical memoryissue: outside Ryuukyu’s 36 islands; 1885GOJ’s hesitancy; precursor to Taiwan
  7. 7. Senkaku: FuturePrepare : dynamic defense positionand strengthening of southerndeployment of MSDF from December2010Talk: Gromyko’s humiliation notneededWhat to aim? From minimal control topeaceful coexistence, eventually tojoint economic activities
  8. 8. Takeshima: Past1905 Shimane ownership1910 Korea’s annexation51 San Francisco (IL Japan stronger)1954 Korea’s Takeshima occupation1965 Normalization talkHistorical memory: precursor to theannexation + identity emotionalism1998 Fishery agreement
  9. 9. Takeshima: Present2005 Shimane Prefecture’s“Takeshima Day”  diplomatic war2006 sea bed map incident2008 textbook and naming issue2011 three parliamentarians’ visarefused
  10. 10. Takeshima: FutureTalk: sovereignty, track II morerealistic2011 Ikeuchi and Kim talkConfidence building measure:governments’ imitative needed;Japan-Russia experience to borrowJune 2009 SAIS Conference

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