Occurs when people of a particular ethnic group choose to live with others from the same ethnic group, separating themselves from other groups.
Do you think that ethnic segregation is a problem here in the West Midlands?
Why do you think segregation happens?
Discuss these points with the others on your table in preparation for a class discussion
Why do ethnic minority groups cluster in one area?
Support from others
People feel safe and secure when they can associate with other people of the same background, religion and language. There is a sense of belonging and protection from racial abuse.
A familiar culture
In a strange culture, there is comfort from being with people who have similar ideas and beliefs and speak the same language.
People want to live near to services that are important to their culture. E.g. Sikhs can worship in a gurdwara and Moslems in a Mosque (e.g. Highgate Mosque, Birmingham). Familiar foodstuffs will be available in shops (e.g. Sai Dataa Sarees, Sparkhill, Birmingham)
Why do ethnic minority groups cluster in one area? (continued)
Strength in Numbers
People have a stronger voice if they are heard as a group, rather than individually (e.g. campaigning for counter terrorism cameras to be removed in Sparkbrook, Birmingham)
Immigrant groups tend to do low paid jobs or have a high rate of unemployment. They have limited money and so can only afford cheaper housing in certain parts of the city, usually inner city areas.
What can be done to integrate different ethnic groups and reduce segregation?
Work in groups to come up with a list of proposals for what we can do here in the West Midlands to reduce segregation .
Strategies to support the multicultural nature of urban areas are not aimed at forcing people to mix but to make sure that everyone has equal access t services like healthcare and education
Measures taken to reduce segregation in Birmingham…
Increasing children’s achievement by improving educational provision and opportunities in deprived areas: and seeking to improve literacy in areas where English can be a second language
Increasing employment through initiatives to ensure basic skills and access to information and training
Increasing community involvement by ensuring that the needs of minority groups are understood and met
Providing facilities that encourage meetings of all sections of a community rather than separate ethnic groups
Strategies to reduce ethnic segregation:
Make sure everyone can access information about services – e.g. print leaflets in a variety of languages
Improve communication between all parts of the community e.g. by involving the leaders of different ethnic communities when making decisions
Providing interpreters at places like hospitals and police stations
Make sure there are suitable services for the different cultures – e.g. provide same sex doctors
All will understand the problems of racial segregation in urban areas in richer countries.
Most will understand what strategies have been introduced to integrate different ethnic groups in urban areas.
Some will be able to evaluate the success of these solutions.