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L9 issues for people living in urban areas in rich countries multicultural mix

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    L9 issues for people living in urban areas in rich countries   multicultural mix L9 issues for people living in urban areas in rich countries multicultural mix Presentation Transcript

    • Issues for people living in urban areas in richer parts of the world Issue 4 – Multicultural Mix References: CGP pg 88 AQA A pg 203
    • syllabus
      • There are aspects of urban living in a richer part of the world that need careful planning in order to support the population and environment of cities and towns.
      • Cultural Mix – factors causing ethnic segregation within urban areas. Strategies aimed at supporting the multicultural nature of many urban areas
    • Lesson Objectives
      • All will recognise that the UK’s cities are more ethnically diverse than the rest of the country and understand the problems of racial segregation in urban areas.
      • Most will understand what strategies have been introduced to integrate different ethnic groups in urban areas.
      • Some will understand the pros and cons of there being a multicultural society, that many of the cons are perceived rather than real and be able to evaluate the success of these integration strategies.
    • Multicultural Britain
      • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mbXgxMsafC4
      • http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2006/jan/23/britishidentity.features11
      • http://www.guardian.co.uk/flash/0,,1690291,00.html
    • Key Terms
      • Segregation
      • Occurs when people of a particular ethnic group choose to live with others from the same ethnic group, separating themselves from other groups.
    • Your Opinion
      • Do you think that ethnic segregation is a problem here in the West Midlands?
      • Why do you think segregation happens?
      • Discuss these points with the others on your table in preparation for a class discussion
    • Why do ethnic minority groups cluster in one area?
      • Support from others
      • People feel safe and secure when they can associate with other people of the same background, religion and language. There is a sense of belonging and protection from racial abuse.
      • A familiar culture
      • In a strange culture, there is comfort from being with people who have similar ideas and beliefs and speak the same language.
      • Facilities
      • People want to live near to services that are important to their culture. E.g. Sikhs can worship in a gurdwara and Moslems in a Mosque (e.g. Highgate Mosque, Birmingham). Familiar foodstuffs will be available in shops (e.g. Sai Dataa Sarees, Sparkhill, Birmingham)
    • Why do ethnic minority groups cluster in one area? (continued)
      • Strength in Numbers
      • People have a stronger voice if they are heard as a group, rather than individually (e.g. campaigning for counter terrorism cameras to be removed in Sparkbrook, Birmingham)
      • Employment factors
      • Immigrant groups tend to do low paid jobs or have a high rate of unemployment. They have limited money and so can only afford cheaper housing in certain parts of the city, usually inner city areas.
    • What can be done to integrate different ethnic groups and reduce segregation?
      • Work in groups to come up with a list of proposals for what we can do here in the West Midlands to reduce segregation .
      Strategies to support the multicultural nature of urban areas are not aimed at forcing people to mix but to make sure that everyone has equal access t services like healthcare and education
    • Measures taken to reduce segregation in Birmingham…
      • Increasing children’s achievement by improving educational provision and opportunities in deprived areas: and seeking to improve literacy in areas where English can be a second language
      • Increasing employment through initiatives to ensure basic skills and access to information and training
      • Increasing community involvement by ensuring that the needs of minority groups are understood and met
      • Providing facilities that encourage meetings of all sections of a community rather than separate ethnic groups
    • Strategies to reduce ethnic segregation:
      • Make sure everyone can access information about services – e.g. print leaflets in a variety of languages
      • Improve communication between all parts of the community e.g. by involving the leaders of different ethnic communities when making decisions
      • Providing interpreters at places like hospitals and police stations
      • Make sure there are suitable services for the different cultures – e.g. provide same sex doctors
    • Exam question
    • Lesson Objectives
      • All will understand the problems of racial segregation in urban areas in richer countries.
      • Most will understand what strategies have been introduced to integrate different ethnic groups in urban areas.
      • Some will be able to evaluate the success of these solutions.