How does land use vary in an
urban area?
Syllabus
Key idea
Urban areas have a variety of functions and
land uses
Specification content
Students should gain an appr...
References
• BP page 156-7
• AQA A pg 196-7
• CGP pg 86
Lesson Objectives
• All will understand what
we mean by the terms
land use and function.
• Most will understand
how urban ...
Key Terms
• What does the term “land
use” mean?
The types of buildings or
other features that are
found in an area, e.g.
t...
Predicting how land use changes
in an urban area
• In every town and city land use varies from
one area to the next. In so...
Urban land use models
A model is a simplified
version of reality.
These diagrams show the
land use patterns that you
might...
CBD characteristics
• Centre of city - most accessible part
• Road and rail routes converge
• Prime site for several types...
pedestrianisation
Tall buildings
Information signs
vegetation
Vertical zoning
Old inner city areas
• Most inner city areas developed
along with industry in 19th
Century
• Rural urban migration led to ...
Industry
• Large factories were
build on the nearest
available land to the
town centre
• Next to canals
• And railways – t...
canal
River
railway
Industrial
sites
Victorian
terraced housing
Attempts to improve
living conditions:
1960s – slum clearance
and building high rise
flats (urban
redevelopment)
Improving...
Inner Suburbs
• Developed during the
inter-war period.
• Grew due to the
introduction of public
transport and use of
car.
...
Outer suburbs
• Private housing estates are
characterised by low
density, high quality housing
• Large, detached
• Land is...
Rural –Urban fringe
• After 1960s urban
sprawl continued
with land on rural-
urban fringe being
used for:
• Modern housing...
Your task
• Look at the O.S map of Birmingham and
the photos on your handout. Complete
the activities on the sheet.
Homework
Draw a simple sketch map of Birmingham to show the
different land uses in different areas (retail,
residential, i...
Lesson Objectives
• All will understand what
we mean by the terms
land use and function.
• Most will understand
how urban ...
Plenary - In which area of a city are you
most likely to…
• Get your car stolen?
• See a fox at night?
• See a Porsche car...
L3 &4  how does land use vary in an urban area
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L3 &4 how does land use vary in an urban area

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Transcript of "L3 &4 how does land use vary in an urban area"

  1. 1. How does land use vary in an urban area?
  2. 2. Syllabus Key idea Urban areas have a variety of functions and land uses Specification content Students should gain an appreciation of different functional parts of a settlement including locations of CBD, inner city, suburbs and rural-urban fringe.
  3. 3. References • BP page 156-7 • AQA A pg 196-7 • CGP pg 86
  4. 4. Lesson Objectives • All will understand what we mean by the terms land use and function. • Most will understand how urban areas have a variety of functions. • Some will be able to use maps to predict the characteristics and locations of some areas.
  5. 5. Key Terms • What does the term “land use” mean? The types of buildings or other features that are found in an area, e.g. terraced housing, banks, industrial estates, roads, parks. • What does the term “function” mean? The purpose of an area, e.g. for residential use, recreation or shopping.
  6. 6. Predicting how land use changes in an urban area • In every town and city land use varies from one area to the next. In some areas, shops and offices dominate, others are used for housing, industry or recreation. • In Britain, we can predict what land use will be found in different areas of cities just by looking at a map. This is because cities such as Birmingham or Manchester have often grown in a very similar way.
  7. 7. Urban land use models A model is a simplified version of reality. These diagrams show the land use patterns that you might expect to find in a city in an MEDC. The land use of a real city would never exactly correspond to the patterns suggested by Burgess and Hoyt - why not?
  8. 8. CBD characteristics • Centre of city - most accessible part • Road and rail routes converge • Prime site for several types of land use • Very competitive – high land values • Limited space • Tall buildings Users: • Commercial centre • large department stores and specialist shops which have a high turnover, high profit margin or large threshold population • banks, offices • Little residential Problems: • Congestion – which reduces accessibility and attractiveness to shop or work
  9. 9. pedestrianisation Tall buildings Information signs vegetation Vertical zoning
  10. 10. Old inner city areas • Most inner city areas developed along with industry in 19th Century • Rural urban migration led to demand for low cost housing • Housing built as close as possible together – high density, grid iron • Poorer quality housing • 1960s tower blocks, old industrial buildings • Few amenities – indoor toilet, bathroom, running water, sewerage or electricity, gardens or open space • Problems: damp, overcrowding, lack of sanitation, pollution • Run down • Some newer housing and industry where derelict land has been cleared and redeveloped e.g. London Docklands.
  11. 11. Industry • Large factories were build on the nearest available land to the town centre • Next to canals • And railways – transport bulky raw materials and processed goods • Besides rivers – source of power, washing, cooling, waste disposal • Near land that could be used to house the large umbers of workers • Factories forced to close due to: • Lack of space for expansion / modernisation • Narrow congested roads • Some have been left empty • Some bulldozed to leave large areas of derelict land – brownfield site
  12. 12. canal River railway Industrial sites Victorian terraced housing
  13. 13. Attempts to improve living conditions: 1960s – slum clearance and building high rise flats (urban redevelopment) Improving existing properties – urban renewal Highgate
  14. 14. Inner Suburbs • Developed during the inter-war period. • Grew due to the introduction of public transport and use of car. • Outward growth = urban sprawl. • Many interwar houses were semi-detached, with bay windows, front and back gardens
  15. 15. Outer suburbs • Private housing estates are characterised by low density, high quality housing • Large, detached • Land is cheaper • Close enough for people to commute to city centre • Modern amenities – central heating, double glazing, bathrooms, kitchen • Large gardens to both rear and front of property • Double garage • Middle class • More pleasant, greener environment, less crime or pollution
  16. 16. Rural –Urban fringe • After 1960s urban sprawl continued with land on rural- urban fringe being used for: • Modern housing estates or outer-city council housing • New industrial or trading estates.
  17. 17. Your task • Look at the O.S map of Birmingham and the photos on your handout. Complete the activities on the sheet.
  18. 18. Homework Draw a simple sketch map of Birmingham to show the different land uses in different areas (retail, residential, industrial, etc)
  19. 19. Lesson Objectives • All will understand what we mean by the terms land use and function. • Most will understand how urban areas have a variety of functions. • Some will be able to use maps to predict the characteristics and locations of some areas.
  20. 20. Plenary - In which area of a city are you most likely to… • Get your car stolen? • See a fox at night? • See a Porsche car parked? • Have a school with good exam grades? • Have people complaining about noise from their neighbours? • See empty McDonalds wrappers? • Be able to buy milk at 10.30 at night? • Be able to catch a bus to visit friends anywhere in the city? • See a police car with it's blue lights flashing? • Be able to buy drugs?

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