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L3 &4 how does land use vary in an urban area

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    L3 &4  how does land use vary in an urban area L3 &4 how does land use vary in an urban area Presentation Transcript

    • How does land use vary in an urban area?
    • Syllabus
      • Key idea
      • Urban areas have a variety of functions and land uses
      • Specification content
      • Students should gain an appreciation of different functional parts of a settlement including locations of CBD, inner city, suburbs and rural-urban fringe.
    • References
      • BP page 156-7
      • AQA A pg 196-7
      • CGP pg 86
    • Lesson Objectives
      • All will understand what we mean by the terms land use and function .
      • Most will understand how urban areas have a variety of functions.
      • Some will be able to use maps to predict the characteristics and locations of some areas .
    • Key Terms
      • What does the term “land use” mean?
      • The types of buildings or other features that are found in an area, e.g. terraced housing, banks, industrial estates, roads, parks.
      • What does the term “function” mean?
      • The purpose of an area, e.g. for residential use, recreation or shopping.
    • Predicting how land use changes in an urban area
      • In every town and city land use varies from one area to the next. In some areas, shops and offices dominate, others are used for housing, industry or recreation.
      • In Britain, we can predict what land use will be found in different areas of cities just by looking at a map. This is because cities such as Birmingham or Manchester have often grown in a very similar way.
    • Urban land use models A model is a simplified version of reality. These diagrams show the land use patterns that you might expect to find in a city in an MEDC. The land use of a real city would never exactly correspond to the patterns suggested by Burgess and Hoyt - why not?
    • CBD characteristics
      • Centre of city - most accessible part
      • Road and rail routes converge
      • Prime site for several types of land use
      • Very competitive – high land values
      • Limited space
      • Tall buildings
      • Users:
      • Commercial centre
      • large department stores and specialist shops which have a high turnover, high profit margin or large threshold population
      • banks, offices
      • Little residential
      • Problems :
      • Congestion – which reduces accessibility and attractiveness to shop or work
    • pedestrianisation Tall buildings Information signs vegetation Vertical zoning
    • Old inner city areas
      • Most inner city areas developed along with industry in 19 th Century
      • Rural urban migration led to demand for low cost housing
      • Housing built as close as possible together – high density, grid iron
      • Poorer quality housing
      • 1960s tower blocks, old industrial buildings
      • Few amenities – indoor toilet, bathroom, running water, sewerage or electricity, gardens or open space
      • Problems: damp, overcrowding, lack of sanitation, pollution
      • Run down
      • Some newer housing and industry where derelict land has been cleared and redeveloped e.g. London Docklands.
    • Industry
      • Large factories were build on the nearest available land to the town centre
      • Next to canals
      • And railways – transport bulky raw materials and processed goods
      • Besides rivers – source of power, washing, cooling, waste disposal
      • Near land that could be used to house the large umbers of workers
      • Factories forced to close due to:
      • Lack of space for expansion / modernisation
      • Narrow congested roads
      • Some have been left empty
      • Some bulldozed to leave large areas of derelict land – brownfield site
    • canal River railway Industrial sites Victorian terraced housing
      • Attempts to improve living conditions:
      • 1960s – slum clearance and building high rise flats (urban redevelopment)
      • Improving existing properties – urban renewal
      Highgate
    • Inner Suburbs
      • Developed during the inter-war period.
      • Grew due to the introduction of public transport and use of car.
      • Outward growth = urban sprawl.
      • Many interwar houses were semi-detached, with bay windows, front and back gardens
    • Outer suburbs
      • Private housing estates are characterised by low density, high quality housing
      • Large, detached
      • Land is cheaper
      • Close enough for people to commute to city centre
      • Modern amenities – central heating, double glazing, bathrooms, kitchen
      • Large gardens to both rear and front of property
      • Double garage
      • Middle class
      • More pleasant, greener environment, less crime or pollution
    • Rural –Urban fringe
      • After 1960s urban sprawl continued with land on rural-urban fringe being used for:
      • Modern housing estates or outer-city council housing
      • New industrial or trading estates.
    • Your task
      • Look at the O.S map of Birmingham and the photos on your handout. Complete the activities on the sheet.
    •  
    • Homework
      • Draw a simple sketch map of Birmingham to show the different land uses in different areas (retail, residential, industrial, etc)
    • Lesson Objectives
      • All will understand what we mean by the terms land use and function .
      • Most will understand how urban areas have a variety of functions.
      • Some will be able to use maps to predict the characteristics and locations of some areas.
    • Plenary - In which area of a city are you most likely to…
      • Get your car stolen?
      • See a fox at night?
      • See a Porsche car parked?
      • Have a school with good exam grades?
      • Have people complaining about noise from their neighbours?
      • See empty McDonalds wrappers?
      • Be able to buy milk at 10.30 at night?
      • Be able to catch a bus to visit friends anywhere in the city?
      • See a police car with it's blue lights flashing?
      • Be able to buy drugs?