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Issues for people living in urban areas in rich countries   the inner city
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  • 1. Issues for people living in urban areas in richer parts of the world Issue 2 – The Inner City Ref AQA a pg 200-202
  • 2. Lesson Objectives
    • All will understand the problems in inner city areas in richer countries.
    • Most will understand what strategies have been introduced to deal with the first of these problems.
    • Some will be able to justify their solution to this problem.
  • 3. Key Terms
    • Urban Development Corporations (UDCs)
    • Set up in the 1980s and 1990s using public funding to buy land and improve inner areas of cities, partly by attracting private investment.
    • City Challenge
    • A strategy in which local authorities had to design a scheme and submit a bid for funding, competing against other councils. They also had to become part of a partnership involving the local community and private companies who would fund part of the development.
    • Regeneration
    • Improving an area.
    • Sustainable Community
    • Community (offering housing, employment and recreation opportunities) that is broadly in balance with the environment and offers people a good quality of life.
    • Quality of Life
    • How good a person’s life is as measured by such things as quality of housing and environment, access to education, health care, how secure people feel and how contented and satisfied they are with their lifestyle.
  • 4. Why did the inner city initially develop?
    • Inner city areas grew up in the 19th century as towns grew rapidly due to industrialisation and there was great demand for workers in the industries that had grown up.
    • Large numbers moved from the countryside to the city for work and needed low cost housing close to work due to the lack of public or private transport.
    • This led to the growth of factories and low-cost terraced housing around what is now the city centre.
    • Transport infrastructure such as canals and railway lines were created to transport goods from these areas to other cities.
  • 5. Problems in the Inner City
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nA3W36JVnRc&feature=related
    • Use the information from the clip and your own knowledge of Digbeth, Bordesley, Handsworth, Aston and Birmingham’s other inner city areas to write a list of the problems that afflict the inner city.
  • 6. What has been done to solve the inner city’s problems?
    • Since the end of the 2 nd world war in 1945, successive governments have had a variety of strategies to improve living in inner city areas, most famously in the building of cheap, high rise blocks of flats in the 1960s and early 1970s as a quick fix to the massively overcrowded and dilapidated old Victorian terraces. Over the years, these strategies have changed and there has been a greater involvement of private funding and the local community.
    • Turn to the next double page in your books and copy down the table on the next slide. Then visit each of the different posters around the room to get information on the different strategies that have been used to try to overcome the problems in the inner city.
  • 7. What was done to improve housing, the environment, the community Advantages Sustainable Communities City Challenge Urban Development Corporations (UDCs) Disadvantages Where the funding came from Who was involved What was done Dates Location Name of Strategy
  • 8. My Preferred Solution
    • Which of the 3 strategies do you think is the best? Give full justification for your answer. You should stress its advantages and the disadvantages of the other two.
  • 9. Lesson Objectives
    • All will understand the problems in inner city areas in richer countries.
    • Most will understand what strategies have been introduced to deal with the first of these problems.
    • Some will be able to justify their solution to this problem.