Issues for
people living in
squatter
settlements in
poorer parts
of the world
(continued)
References
AQA A 206 – 209
CGP p...
Syllabus
Key idea
• Rapid urbanisation has led to the development
of squatter settlements and an informal
sector to the ec...
Lesson Objectives
• All will understand what
strategies have been
introduced to improve
living conditions in these
areas.
...
Key Terms
Self Help
• Sometimes known as assisted self help (ASH), this is where local
authorities help the squatter settl...
Why do people live in squatter settlements?
People live in squatter settlements
due to the speed of the process of
urbanis...
Strategies to improve living
conditions
• Watch the following clip and think about
what strategies are being used to
impro...
Strategies to improve living
conditions
1. Individual action
Residents slowly acquire the
money and materials to do
up the...
Strategies to improve living
conditions
2. Self Help Schemes
This occurs when local authorities support the
residents of s...
Strategies to improve living
conditions
3. Site and Service
These schemes are a more formal
way of helping squatter settle...
Strategies to improve living
conditions
4. Other Local Authority
Schemes
The local authorities of cities in
poorer areas a...
My Preferred Solution
Which of the 4 strategies do you think is
the best? Give full justification for your
answer. You sho...
Lesson Objectives
• All will understand what
strategies have been
introduced to improve
living conditions in these
areas.
...
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Transcript of "Issues for people living in squatter settlements in led cs strategies"

  1. 1. Issues for people living in squatter settlements in poorer parts of the world (continued) References AQA A 206 – 209 CGP pg 89 B&P pg 164
  2. 2. Syllabus Key idea • Rapid urbanisation has led to the development of squatter settlements and an informal sector to the economy Specification content • Attempts by the inhabitants themselves to improve squatter settlements. • Self Help, Site and Service and Local Authority schemes to improve squatter settlements
  3. 3. Lesson Objectives • All will understand what strategies have been introduced to improve living conditions in these areas. • Some will be able to evaluate the success of these strategies.
  4. 4. Key Terms Self Help • Sometimes known as assisted self help (ASH), this is where local authorities help the squatter settlement residents to improve their homes by offering finance in the form of loans or grants and often installing water, sanitation, etc. Site and Service • Occur where land is divided into individual plots and water, sanitation, electricity and basic track layout are supplied before any building by residents begins.
  5. 5. Why do people live in squatter settlements? People live in squatter settlements due to the speed of the process of urbanisation in poorer areas of the world. The pace of rural – urban migration is too fast to allow the time needed to build proper houses and for the economy to grow to provide jobs. People find unoccupied areas of land and materials and begin to build their own makeshift shelters. As there are few jobs available, people create their own employment in the informal sector: selling items; making and repairing things on a small scale; becoming couriers, cleaners, gardeners; taking in laundry.
  6. 6. Strategies to improve living conditions • Watch the following clip and think about what strategies are being used to improve the lives of those living in squatter settlements. http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningzone/clips/ shanty-town-growth-and-development- in-south-africa/1483.html
  7. 7. Strategies to improve living conditions 1. Individual action Residents slowly acquire the money and materials to do up their original shelters. They replace flimsy, temporary materials with more permanent brick and concrete; catching rainwater in a tank on the roof; and obtaining an electricity supply (often illegally by tapping into a nearby source)
  8. 8. Strategies to improve living conditions 2. Self Help Schemes This occurs when local authorities support the residents of squatter settlements in improving their homes. Improvements are the same as in strategy 1 but it is more organised. There is cooperation between residents to work together and remove rubbish. The local authority also helps by offering grants, cheap loans and possibly materials to encourage improvements to take place. Standpipes are likely to by provided for access to water supply and sanitation. Collectively, the residents, with the help of the local authority, may begin to build health centres and schools. Legal ownership of the land is granted to encourage improvements to take place, marking an acceptance of the housing. A newly installed standpipe in Kibera shanty town in Nairobi, Kenya
  9. 9. Strategies to improve living conditions 3. Site and Service These schemes are a more formal way of helping squatter settlement residents. Land is identified for the scheme. The infrastructure is laid in advance of settlement, so that water, sanitation and electricity are properly supplied to individually marked plots. People then build their homes using whatever materials they can afford at the time. They can add to the structure if finances allow later. A site and service scheme outside La Paz in Bolivia
  10. 10. Strategies to improve living conditions 4. Other Local Authority Schemes The local authorities of cities in poorer areas all over the world run different schemes to help the inhabitants of shanty towns. There may be large scale improvements made to some squatter settlements or new towns may be constructed. In Cairo, new settlements such as 10th of Ramadan City were built, together with shops, a primary school and a mosque. Industries were also planned to provide jobs for new inhabitants. Local Authority funded construction in 10th of Ramadan City, Cairo
  11. 11. My Preferred Solution Which of the 4 strategies do you think is the best? Give full justification for your answer. You should stress its advantages and the disadvantages of the other two.
  12. 12. Lesson Objectives • All will understand what strategies have been introduced to improve living conditions in these areas. • Some will be able to evaluate the success of these strategies.

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