To try and make money for the country the government encouraged large companies to move in and land was often given free.
The World Bank lent money to the cattle ranchers to help them set up beef processing plants, and beef and leather were produced and exported to the USA
Large TNCs produce beef which is sold mainly to fast food chains in MEDCs.
To produce grazing land areas of forest were cut down and burnt.
Effect of deforestation:
soil erosion and infertility
destruction of habitats
Breakdown of nutrient cycle
As the soil loses its fertility, grazing land becomes poor and so more land is needed to feed the same number of cattle… more forest is destroyed. Cattle ranching cannot be managed in a sustainable way as the soil is no longer capable of growing grass
Ranching is now restricted to certain areas
1994 Describe what can be seen and say what is happening (4 marks)
1994 Describe the features of the human and natural landscape shown in the photograph (4 marks) Describe the local and worldwide problems suggested by the landscape changes and activities shown (5 marks)
Do not exceed the maximum number of trees per ha that they are allowed to cut
Restrict the use of bulldozers and heavy destructive machinery
Develop the use of helilogging – very expensive
Agroforestry – plant traditional fruit trees and other crops in between rows of trees where logging has taken place. This keeps soil fertile and provides indigenous people with an income and food source