Factors affecting the distribution of Hi – tech industry
What is a Hi-tech industry? <ul><li>Classed as a ‘light industry’ </li></ul><ul><li>One which makes products that are very...
Examples of hi-tech industries <ul><li>Electronic equipment computers </li></ul><ul><li>Telecommunications </li></ul><ul><...
Research and  Development <ul><li>PROCESS </li></ul><ul><li>New ideas, prototypes </li></ul><ul><li>Testing new products <...
Why footloose? <ul><li>Industries have a relatively free choice of location </li></ul><ul><li>Small area needed for sites ...
What is a Science Park? <ul><li>Science Parks  </li></ul><ul><li>Science Parks are located on the edge of cities in greenf...
Case Study Tsukuba Science City Built to relieve pressure on Tokyo Location 20 km NE of edge of Tokyo Transport : Railway ...
The nature of Japanese  Hi-tech industry <ul><li>Labour in Japan is expensive </li></ul><ul><li>Corporations cut down cost...
Tasks <ul><li>What is ‘hi-tech industry? – include the two parts </li></ul><ul><li>What factors influence the location of ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Hi Tech Industry

10,676 views
10,209 views

Published on

Published in: Business, Technology
1 Comment
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Hi Mr. tudorgeog,,,your powerpoint presentation is fit to my needs,,can i have your powerpoint?(u can send here through this email: dumlaogeorgeroy@yahoo.com)
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
No Downloads
Views
Total views
10,676
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
137
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
1
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Hi Tech Industry

  1. 1. Factors affecting the distribution of Hi – tech industry
  2. 2. What is a Hi-tech industry? <ul><li>Classed as a ‘light industry’ </li></ul><ul><li>One which makes products that are very sophisticated involving scientific research and development </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes referred to as ‘footloose’ industries </li></ul><ul><li>Industry is divided into </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research and Development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manufacturing </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Examples of hi-tech industries <ul><li>Electronic equipment computers </li></ul><ul><li>Telecommunications </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial control systems </li></ul><ul><li>Testing and measuring equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Office equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Aerospace and military equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporation in consumer products – cars, washing machines, ovens etc </li></ul><ul><li>Consumer electronics: </li></ul><ul><li>T.V. receivers </li></ul><ul><li>Radio receivers </li></ul><ul><li>DVD etc recorders </li></ul><ul><li>Hi-fi equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Calculators </li></ul><ul><li>Computers </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic games </li></ul>
  4. 4. Research and Development <ul><li>PROCESS </li></ul><ul><li>New ideas, prototypes </li></ul><ul><li>Testing new products </li></ul>Manufacturing industries <ul><li>PROCESS </li></ul><ul><li>Assembling of component parts </li></ul>GENERAL LOCATION Large assembly plants close to urban areas for labour and market Scattered component factories
  5. 5. Why footloose? <ul><li>Industries have a relatively free choice of location </li></ul><ul><li>Small area needed for sites </li></ul><ul><li>Use power available through National Grid </li></ul><ul><li>Not limited to port locations </li></ul><ul><li>Raw materials / components are light- weight and made in many locations </li></ul><ul><li>Tend to be built on ‘greenfield sites’ away from towns – cheaper, more pleasant </li></ul><ul><li>Tend to locate on ‘Science Parks’ </li></ul><ul><li>Must have good transport links – roads and airport </li></ul>
  6. 6. What is a Science Park? <ul><li>Science Parks </li></ul><ul><li>Science Parks are located on the edge of cities in greenfield locations. Many of the firms located in science parks are connected with information, high-technology, and electronic industries. Science parks have direct links with universities for research. They have attractive layouts with grassy areas, ornamental gardens, ponds etc </li></ul>
  7. 7. Case Study Tsukuba Science City Built to relieve pressure on Tokyo Location 20 km NE of edge of Tokyo Transport : Railway – on Shinkansen line Motorway 30 km from Tokyo International Airport Workers – highly skilled. Tsukuba has university college of technology Over 50 national research institutions 150 private firms Foreign TNCs have also located here Beautiful scenery Next to Tsukuba National Park Lake Kasumigaura Favourable climate 18 science and business parks Each has attractive environment 70% grass trees, lakes Population 152,000
  8. 8. The nature of Japanese Hi-tech industry <ul><li>Labour in Japan is expensive </li></ul><ul><li>Corporations cut down costs by: </li></ul><ul><li>mechanisation </li></ul><ul><li>encouraging hard work and dedication from labour force </li></ul><ul><li>Many are now building factories overseas e.g. S.E. Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits : </li></ul><ul><li>Lower labour costs </li></ul><ul><li>Labour force is adaptable </li></ul><ul><li>As local people become wealthier  market for goods </li></ul><ul><li>Lower production costs </li></ul>
  9. 9. Tasks <ul><li>What is ‘hi-tech industry? – include the two parts </li></ul><ul><li>What factors influence the location of hi-tech industries </li></ul><ul><li>Notes on Case Study Tsukuba Science City pg 172 – 173 </li></ul><ul><li>Answer Q4 page 176 </li></ul><ul><li>Homework </li></ul><ul><li>Complete w/sheet pg 17/18 </li></ul>

×