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Chemical Industry On Merseyside
Chemical Industry On Merseyside
Chemical Industry On Merseyside
Chemical Industry On Merseyside
Chemical Industry On Merseyside
Chemical Industry On Merseyside
Chemical Industry On Merseyside
Chemical Industry On Merseyside
Chemical Industry On Merseyside
Chemical Industry On Merseyside
Chemical Industry On Merseyside
Chemical Industry On Merseyside
Chemical Industry On Merseyside
Chemical Industry On Merseyside
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Chemical Industry On Merseyside

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  • 1. Chemical industry on Merseyside
  • 2.
    • Chemical industry is an example of a heavy industry
      • - one which uses large amounts of heavy or bulky raw materials .
      • Produces large amounts of waste materials
      • Produces high volumes of outputs
      • Requires a large flat site
    • The location tends to be raw – material oriented. (bulky, low value, costly to transport)
    • Products manufactured are lighter and easier to transport than the raw materials. Good transport links are essential
  • 3. 2004 Q7
  • 4. Heavy industries
    • Usually large scale in operation
    • Deals in bulky products – iron, oil, chemicals
    • Heavily dependent on their raw materials
    • Manufactures in substantial volumes
    • Tend to be located close to the source of their raw materials
    • Merseyside is one of the largest areas of heavy industry in the UK
  • 5.  
  • 6. Location of industry
    • Within 25km of the salt deposits of Cheshire . Salt is sent by pipeline to Runcorn.
    • Limestone is moved 50km by rail from Derbyshire .
    • Water - Mersey estuary provides the large quantities of water needed
    • Potash, nitrates etc imported and ships able to dock in the estuary
    • Large volumes of waste water can be returned to the R. Mersey .
    • Inert bulky solid waste is used as landfill
    • Large flat site – estuary bordered by marshland which was cheap and easy to reclaim.
    • Few houses close to river – industry is unsightly and gives off fumes
    • Runcorn and Widnes provide labour force
    • Good transport links e.g. M56
  • 7. Destination of products include
    • Textile industries of Lancashire which use soaps and detergents to wash the cloth
    • Soda ash is used in the glass industry at St Helens
    • Bleach is used in the paper industry at Bolton
  • 8. 2006 Q3
  • 9. Petrochemicals e.g. Stanlow oil refinery
    • Location factors:
    • Mersey estuary is deep so 100 000 tonne oil tankers can dock
    • marshland close to estuary provides cheap flat land
    • Welsh mountains shelters estuary
    • Close to source of raw material – naptha
    • Close to river for cooling water and to dispose of waste water
    • On large flat site on cheap reclaimed marshland
    • Away from residential areas – unsightly and risk of air pollution and fire
    • Close to motorways – M6 s- products such as plastics, dyes and paints can be distributed easily
    • Easily accessible by motorway for employees to travel from a wide area
  • 10.  
  • 11.  
  • 12. mapwork
    • Neath Extract 2004
  • 13.  
  • 14.  

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