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Characteristics And Morphology Of An Urban Area
Characteristics And Morphology Of An Urban Area
Characteristics And Morphology Of An Urban Area
Characteristics And Morphology Of An Urban Area
Characteristics And Morphology Of An Urban Area
Characteristics And Morphology Of An Urban Area
Characteristics And Morphology Of An Urban Area
Characteristics And Morphology Of An Urban Area
Characteristics And Morphology Of An Urban Area
Characteristics And Morphology Of An Urban Area
Characteristics And Morphology Of An Urban Area
Characteristics And Morphology Of An Urban Area
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Characteristics And Morphology Of An Urban Area

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  • 1. Characteristics and morphology of an urban area
  • 2.  
  • 3.  
  • 4. CBD characteristics <ul><li>Most accessible part of town </li></ul><ul><li>Road and rail routes converge </li></ul><ul><li>Prime site for several types of land use </li></ul><ul><li>Very competitive – high land values </li></ul><ul><li>Limited space </li></ul><ul><li>Users: </li></ul><ul><li>large department stores and specialist shops which have a high turnover,high profit margin or large threshold population, banks, offices </li></ul><ul><li>Problems : </li></ul><ul><li>Congestion – which reduces accessibility and attractiveness to shop or work </li></ul>
  • 5. pedestrianisation Tall buildings Information signs vegetation Vertical zoning
  • 6. Old inner city areas <ul><li>Most inner city areas developed along with industry in 19 th Century </li></ul><ul><li>Rural urban migration led to demand for low cost housing </li></ul><ul><li>Housing built as close as possible together – high density, grid iron </li></ul><ul><li>Few amenities – indor toilet, bathroom, running water, sewerage or electricity, gardens or open space </li></ul><ul><li>Problems: damp, overcrowding, lack of sanitation,pollution </li></ul>
  • 7. Industry <ul><li>Large factories were build on the nearest available land to the town centre </li></ul><ul><li>Next to canals </li></ul><ul><li>And railways – transport bulky raw materials and processed goods </li></ul><ul><li>Besides rivers – source of power, washing, cooling, waste disposal </li></ul><ul><li>Near land that could be used to house the large umbers of workers </li></ul><ul><li>Factories forced to close due to: </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of space for expansion / modernisation </li></ul><ul><li>Narrow congested roads </li></ul><ul><li>Some have been left empty </li></ul><ul><li>Some bulldozed to leave large areas of derelict land – brownfield site </li></ul>
  • 8. canal River railway Industrial sites Victorian terraced housing
  • 9. <ul><li>Attempts to improve living conditions: </li></ul><ul><li>1960s – slum clearance and building high rise flats (urban redevelopment) </li></ul><ul><li>Improving existing properties – urban renewal </li></ul>Highgate
  • 10. Inner Suburbs <ul><li>Developed during the inter-war period. </li></ul><ul><li>Grew due to the introduction of public transport and use of car. </li></ul><ul><li>Outward growth = urban sprawl. </li></ul><ul><li>Many interwar houses were semi-detached, with bay windows, front and back gardens </li></ul>
  • 11. Rural –Urban fringe <ul><li>After 1960s urban sprawl continued with land on rural-urban fringe being used for: </li></ul><ul><li>Modern housing estates or outer-city council housing </li></ul><ul><li>New industrial or trading estates. </li></ul>
  • 12. Rural – urban fringe 2 <ul><li>Private housing estates are characterised by low density, high quality housing </li></ul><ul><li>Large </li></ul><ul><li>Detached </li></ul><ul><li>Modern amenities – central heating, double glazing, bathrooms, kitchen </li></ul><ul><li>Large gardens to both rear and front of property </li></ul><ul><li>Double garage </li></ul>

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