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Characteristics And Morphology Of An Urban Area
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Characteristics And Morphology Of An Urban Area

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  • 1. Characteristics and morphology of an urban area
  • 2.  
  • 3.  
  • 4. CBD characteristics
    • Most accessible part of town
    • Road and rail routes converge
    • Prime site for several types of land use
    • Very competitive – high land values
    • Limited space
    • Users:
    • large department stores and specialist shops which have a high turnover,high profit margin or large threshold population, banks, offices
    • Problems :
    • Congestion – which reduces accessibility and attractiveness to shop or work
  • 5. pedestrianisation Tall buildings Information signs vegetation Vertical zoning
  • 6. Old inner city areas
    • Most inner city areas developed along with industry in 19 th Century
    • Rural urban migration led to demand for low cost housing
    • Housing built as close as possible together – high density, grid iron
    • Few amenities – indor toilet, bathroom, running water, sewerage or electricity, gardens or open space
    • Problems: damp, overcrowding, lack of sanitation,pollution
  • 7. Industry
    • Large factories were build on the nearest available land to the town centre
    • Next to canals
    • And railways – transport bulky raw materials and processed goods
    • Besides rivers – source of power, washing, cooling, waste disposal
    • Near land that could be used to house the large umbers of workers
    • Factories forced to close due to:
    • Lack of space for expansion / modernisation
    • Narrow congested roads
    • Some have been left empty
    • Some bulldozed to leave large areas of derelict land – brownfield site
  • 8. canal River railway Industrial sites Victorian terraced housing
  • 9.
    • Attempts to improve living conditions:
    • 1960s – slum clearance and building high rise flats (urban redevelopment)
    • Improving existing properties – urban renewal
    Highgate
  • 10. Inner Suburbs
    • Developed during the inter-war period.
    • Grew due to the introduction of public transport and use of car.
    • Outward growth = urban sprawl.
    • Many interwar houses were semi-detached, with bay windows, front and back gardens
  • 11. Rural –Urban fringe
    • After 1960s urban sprawl continued with land on rural-urban fringe being used for:
    • Modern housing estates or outer-city council housing
    • New industrial or trading estates.
  • 12. Rural – urban fringe 2
    • Private housing estates are characterised by low density, high quality housing
    • Large
    • Detached
    • Modern amenities – central heating, double glazing, bathrooms, kitchen
    • Large gardens to both rear and front of property
    • Double garage