7. Responses To Climate Change


Published on

Published in: Technology
1 Comment
No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

7. Responses To Climate Change

  1. 1. There must be an international/national/ local, united response to the threat of global climate change.
  2. 2. objectives <ul><li>To describe the responses at different levels to the threat of global climate change: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>global response, reducing carbon emission; the Kyoto Protocol, carbon credits. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local responses: transport strategies, taxation,congestion charging, conserving energy,recycling. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. What can individuals do? <ul><li>Conserve energy at home </li></ul><ul><li>Using low energy light bulbs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Switch off electrical appliances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insulate lofts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid turning up the heating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wash at 30oc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Walk, cycle or use public transport rather than the car </li></ul><ul><li>Buy organic food to reduce the use of chemical fertilisers </li></ul><ul><li>Paying a carbon offset when making a journey </li></ul>
  4. 4. Local authorities <ul><li>Promote public transport </li></ul><ul><ul><li>use lanes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Car sharing schemes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implement park and ride schemes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Congestion charging </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conserve energy - Give grants for people to insulate their homes </li></ul><ul><li>Recycling - Implement effective recycling schemes with separate collections for different recyclable products </li></ul>
  5. 5. National Responses <ul><li>UK government has introduced tougher MOT tests on vehicle exhausts and has set higher road taxes for vehicles with larger engines and higher emissions. This encourages people to buy cars with low emissions </li></ul><ul><li>Supports transport initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Encourages recycling and waste reduction initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Power stations fitted with filters to reduce emissions </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>The government is committed to reducing CO2 emissions by 60% by 2050. </li></ul><ul><li>It has set a target of producing 10% of electricity using renewable sources by 2010 (4% in 2005) </li></ul>
  7. 7. International responses <ul><li>16 th Feb 2005 Kyoto Protocol became international law </li></ul><ul><li>The 37 industrialised countries that have signed the treaty are legally bound to reduce their carbon emissions by an average of 5.2% below their 1990 levels by 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>The UK has agreed to reduce emissions by 12.5% by 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Of the major greenhouse gas emitters, only the USA and Australia have refused to sign the treaty. Those that have signed it account for over 60% of CO2 emissions. Over 170 countries have signed the agreement </li></ul><ul><li>The USA refused to sign on the grounds that the costs of reducing carbon emissions would harm its economy. It is also unhappy that the binding agreement only applies to industrialised countries </li></ul>
  8. 8. Carbon credits <ul><li>Can be used nationally or internationally to trade carbon between organisations or countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Those that have not used up their carbon quota can trade their credit on the open market </li></ul><ul><li>Organisations that heave exceeded their quota may buy carbon credits rather than installing expensive equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Countries can also earn carbon credits by helping developing countries to reduce their emissions </li></ul>