Sleep Apnea Obstructive sleep apnea is caused by obstructed airflow and upper airway collapse during sleep Apnea: absence of breathing This causes arousal and interrupts sleep It could happen hundreds of time during the night!
Symptoms Loud snoring Frequent choking or gasping that causes brief wakening during sleep time Excessive daytime sleepiness Morning headaches Increased urination at night Weight gain Irritability or depression
Sleep Apnea and Diabetes Lack of quality sleep and low oxygen levels that happen with sleep apnea cause a stress response in the body Increases cortisol and other stress hormones which raise blood glucose and cause insulin resistance Increases inflammation markers in the body
Sleep Apnea and Diabetes Sleep apnea can increase the risk of type 2 diabetes because of the increased blood glucose levels and insulin resistance Persons with type 2 diabetes who are overweight have a much higher incidence of sleep apnea Several studies found around 73% of persons with type 2 diabetes had sleep apnea
Sleep Apnea and Diabetes Persons with diabetes AND sleep apnea: Harder to control blood glucose Less energy to be physically active May cause weight gain Increases the risk for cardiovascular disease For more information: National Heart Lung and Blood Institute http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/sleepapnea/