Page 1 of 13                                          CURRICULUM VITAEName           :            Emad ElbeltagiCurrent Po...
Page 2 of 13     Oct 1981 – Jun 1986:    B.Sc. in Civil Engineering, grade: Very Good with Honor’s Degree,                ...
Page 3 of 13Nov 2010:               Visiting Professor – Faculty of Engineering, University of Waterloo, Dubai            ...
Page 4 of 13     Oct 1988 - Jun 1997:         Civil/Structural Engineer (Part-time) – Dr. Mahmoud Elgamal Consulting      ...
Page 5 of 13         - "Predicting Pavement Performance Using Markov Chain Mode," Ehab Samir Awad Alla Erian,         Mast...
Page 6 of 137.       TRAINING COURSES OFFERED AND CONSULTATION:     •   Participated in many training courses for practici...
Page 7 of 13 •    Training workshop in “Use of Technology in Teaching” for 15 hours (3 days) from 3/09/06-5/09/06,      Ma...
Page 8 of 1310. Elbeltagi, E., Hegazy, T., and Grierson, D. (2005). “Comparison among Five Evolutionary-Based    Optimizat...
Page 9 of 1324. Eldosouky, A., Abdel Reheem, A., and Elbeltagi, E. (1992). “A Comparison Approaches for Multi    Project S...
Page 10 of 13    Technology, M. Papadrakakis and B.H.V. Topping, (Editors), Civil-Comp Press, Stirlingshire,    Scotland, ...
Page 11 of 1348. Elbeltagi, E., and Hegazy, T. (2003). “Optimum Layout Planning for Irregular Construction Sites.”    5th ...
Page 12 of 133. “Multi-Objective Time-Cost Trade-Off Optimization Using Ant Colony.” 7th International Engineering   Confe...
Page 13 of 1310.6 Masters Theses Supervised to Completion1. Dawood, M. (2003) "Construction Project Control." M.Sc. Thesis...
LECTURE NOTES               ONCONSTRUCTION PROJECT MANAGEMENT        Emad Elbeltagi, Ph.D., P.Eng.,      Structural Engine...
Structural Eng. DepartmentFaculty of EngineeringMansoura University                            Construction Project manage...
TABLE OF CONTENTS1. INTRODUCTION  1.1 Construction Industry  1.2 The Players  1.3 Categories of Construction Projects  1.4...
5. SCHEDULING OF REPETITIVE PROJECTS  5.1 Introduction  5.2 Linear Projects  5.3 Resource Driven Scheduling  5.4 Summary D...
8.4 Discounted cash Flow      8.4.1 Present value      8.4.2 Net present value      8.4.3 Internal rate of return  8.5 Fin...
REFERENCESAwani, Alfred O. (1983). “Project Management Techniques.” Petrocelli Books Inc.Clough, Richard H. & Sears, Gelen...
Contract Strategy                ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ اﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ‬                     Contract StrategyContract strategy means:  selecting ...
Contract StrategyProject Objectives  1. Time                                  2. Cost  3. Performance                     ...
Contract StrategyProject Objectives  1. Time                                  2. Cost  3. Performance                     ...
Contract StrategyThe ContractWhat is a contract         Legally binding document that describes the         responsibiliti...
Contract StrategyThe ContractContracts documents         Contract agreement         General conditions         Special con...
Contract StrategyThe ContractGeneral conditions        Responsibilities of each party        Project Duration        Estab...
Contract StrategyOrganizational Structure Traditional approach 24/09/2006                    Emad Elbeltagi               ...
Contract StrategyOrganizational Structure Separate contracting method 24/09/2006                     Emad Elbeltagi       ...
Contract StrategyOrganizational Structure Direct labor          Used by large authorities          The owner performs both...
Contract StrategyOrganizational Structure Turnkey approach (Design-build)          Used mostly for repetitive typical work...
Contract StrategyOrganizational Structure Construction management ‫ﻳﻘﻮم اﻟﻤﺎﻟﻚ ﺑﺎﻻﺳﺘﻌﺎﻧﺔ ﺑﻤﻘﺎول ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺺ )ﻣﻘﺎول ادارة( ﻟﺘﻨﺴﻴﻖ...
Contract StrategyContracting Stages Bidding documents      Invitation to bid ‫ﺧﻄﺎب اﻟﻤﺎﻟﻚ‬      Acceptance form ‫ﺷﻜﻞ اﻟﻤﻨﺎ...
Contract Strategy  Contracting Stages    The agreement    24/09/2006                     Emad Elbeltagi                   ...
Contract StrategyType of Contracts        What is the difference between cost & price?                           ‫ﻣﺎاﻟﻔﺮق ...
‫‪Contract Strategy‬‬ ‫‪Type of Contracts‬‬            ‫‪1. Unit Price‬‬                               ‫‪3. Cost Plus‬‬   ...
‫‪Contract Strategy‬‬ ‫‪Type of Contracts‬‬            ‫‪1. Unit Price‬‬                                ‫‪3. Cost Plus‬‬  ...
‫‪Contract Strategy‬‬  ‫‪Loading of Rates‬‬            ‫)ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻞ اﻷ ﺳﻌﺎر(‬                 ‫زﻳﺎدة اﻟﺘﺪﻓﻘﺎت اﻟﻨﻘﺪﻳﺔ ﻓﻰ ﺑﺪاﻳﺔ ...
‫‪Contract Strategy‬‬  ‫‪Type of Contracts‬‬            ‫‪1. Unit Price‬‬                              ‫‪3. Cost Plus‬‬   ...
‫‪Contract Strategy‬‬ ‫‪Type of Contracts‬‬                                                                               ...
‫‪Contract Strategy‬‬  ‫‪Type of Contracts‬‬               ‫‪1. Unit Price‬‬                             ‫‪3. Cost Plus‬‬ ...
Contract StrategyType of Contracts:                          Target CostExample: In on of the projects, the owner and thec...
Contract Strategy Type of Contracts           1. Unit Price                             3. Cost Plus           2. Lump Sum...
Introduction                      IntroductionProject Characteristics   Defined goal or objective stated by the owner and ...
IntroductionProject Life Cycle  The project life cycle may  be viewed as a process  through which a project is  implemente...
IntroductionProject Life Cycle (1. Pre-construction)     1. Conceptual planning                 2. Schematic Design     3....
IntroductionProject Life Cycle (1. Pre-construction)      1. Conceptual planning                 2. Schematic Design      ...
IntroductionProject Life Cycle (2. Procurement)Also called Bidding and award phase       The project formally transits fro...
IntroductionProject Life Cycle (4. Closeout)      Transition from design and construction to the actual use of the      co...
Introduction Types of Construction Projects    1. Residential Housing               2. Building Construction    3. Industr...
Introduction Types of Construction Projects    1. Residential Housing                2. Buildings Construction    3. Indus...
IntroductionProject Participants     Different classifications and many participants are involved in a     construction pr...
IntroductionProject Participants  1. The Owner                  2. Design Professionals  3. Construction Professionals 4. ...
IntroductionProject Participants  1. The Owner                  2. Design Professionals  3. Construction Professionals 4. ...
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  1. 1. Page 1 of 13 CURRICULUM VITAEName : Emad ElbeltagiCurrent Position: ProfessorAddress : Dept. of Structural Eng., Mansoura University Mansoura 35516 EgyptTel : (+050) 224-4105 Ext. 1285Fax : (+50) 224-4690E-mail : eelbelta@mans.edu.eg, eelbelta@uwaterloo.caHomepage : http://osp.mans.edu.eg/elbeltagi, www.eng.uwaterloo.ca/~eelbelta1. QUALIFICATION HIGHLIGHTS: • Strong research background. Authored and Co-authored more than 50 research papers. Presented papers in a number of conferences and seminars in the USA, Canada, Mexico, Greece, turkey, Saudi Arabia and Egypt. • Extensive research experience on construction management, site layout planning, resource management, repetitive and linear project planning and scheduling, cost estimation, asset and infrastructure management systems, multi-criteria decision analysis, and optimization using evolutionary algorithms. • Expertise on construction management computer-related applications. • Project/Construction Management, Planning and Co-ordination. Preparation of Tender Documents. Designing, Preparation of Bill of Quantities and Cost Estimates, etc. • Teaching of many courses related to Construction Engineering and Management.2. EDUCATION: Dec 1996 – Jan 2000: Ph.D. in Construction Engineering and Management, Joint supervision between University of Waterloo, CANADA and Mansoura University, Mansoura, EGYPT. Thesis: “Construction Site Management”. This study optimizes the placing of the temporary facilities within the boundaries of the construction site. An integrated model developed using three different modules: A knowledge base module to identify the facilities and to determine their areas; a fuzzy logic module to determine their relationships; and a genetic algorithm module to optimize their placement. The research also involves an extensive programming work using “Visual Basic for Applications”, “Microsoft Excel 97” and “Microsoft Project 98”. Dec 1990 – Jan 1993: M.Sc. in Construction Engineering and Management, Thesis: “Scheduling Construction Projects Under Multiple Resource Constraints by Heuristic Methods”, Mansoura University, Mansoura, EGYPT.
  2. 2. Page 2 of 13 Oct 1981 – Jun 1986: B.Sc. in Civil Engineering, grade: Very Good with Honor’s Degree, 83.18%, rank = 6/482. Nov 1995 – Nov 1995: Training course on Project Management conducted by Energy Conservation & Environmental Protection Project, Mansoura, Egypt. Jul 1985 – Aug 1985: Training for 6 weeks with the Arab Contractors Company, Egypt, in one of their projects in Mansoura, Egypt. Jul 1984 – Aug 1984: Training for 6 weeks with the Arab Contractors Company, Egypt, in their training center in Giza, Egypt. Jul 1983 – Aug 1983: Training for 6 weeks with the Arab Contractors Company, Egypt, in their training center in Tanta, Egypt.3. EMPLOYMENT HISTORY AND EXPERIENCE: Mar 2011 – Present : Professor – Structural Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Mansoura University, EGYPT. Duties include conducting research work, supervising graduate students and teaching the following graduate and undergraduate courses: - Construction Project Management (Graduation Project: Mansoura University, AASTMT, Shorouk Academy). - Systems Analysis for Construction Engineers (CB312), 6th term, Arab Academy for Science, Technology & Maritime Transport. - Techniques of Planning, Scheduling and Project Control (CB517), 8th term, Arab Academy for Science, Technology & Maritime Transport. - Advanced Project Management (Graduate Course). Sep 2005 – Mar 2011 : Associate Professor – Structural Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Mansoura University, EGYPT. Duties include conducting research work, supervising graduate students and teaching the following graduate and undergraduate courses: - Construction Project Management, 3rd year Civil, Mansoura University. - Construction Project Management (Graduation Project: Mansoura University, Tanta University, AASTMT, Cairo University, Shorouk Academy). - Systems Analysis for Construction Engineers (CB312), 6th term, Arab Academy for Science, Technology & Maritime Transport. - Techniques of Planning, Scheduling and Project Control (CB517), 8th term, Arab Academy for Science, Technology & Maritime Transport. - Construction Project Management (CE502) Misr University for Science and Technology. - Advanced Project Management (Graduate Course). - Engineering Economy. - Artificial Intelligence & Expert Systems (CB711 - Graduate Course), Arab Academy for Science, Technology & Maritime Transport. - Project Planning and Resource Allocation (CB717 – Graduate Course), Arab Academy for Science, Technology & Maritime Transport. - Techniques of Planning and Scheduling (CB612 – Pre-master Course), Arab Academy for Science, Technology & Maritime Transport.
  3. 3. Page 3 of 13Nov 2010: Visiting Professor – Faculty of Engineering, University of Waterloo, Dubai campus, Dubai, UAE. Duties include conducting collaborative research with Dr. Donald Grierson in multi-objective optimization.Sep 2008 – Dec 2008: Visiting Research Associate Professor – Faculty of Engineering, Waterloo University, Ontario, Canada. Duties include conducting collaborative research with Dr. Donald Grierson and Dr. Tarek Hegazy in multi-objective optimization and multi-criteria decision making.Feb 2000 – Aug 2005 : Assistant Professor – Structural Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Mansoura University, EGYPT. Duties include conducting research work, supervising graduate students and teaching the following graduate and undergraduate courses: - Construction Project Management, 3rd year Civil, Mansoura University. - Advanced Project Management (Graduate Course). - Construction Project Management (Graduation Project).Jul 2005 – Aug 2005: Post-Doctoral Fellow – Faculty of Engineering, Waterloo University, Ontario, Canada. Duties include conducting research in optimization and computer modeling.Aug 2003 – Dec 2004: Research Associate – Faculty of Engineering, Waterloo University, Ontario, Canada. Duties include conducting collaborative research with Dr. Donald Grierson and Dr. Tarek Hegazy in optimization and computer modeling.Oct 2001 – May 2003: Project Management Specialist (part-time) at OPTEAM Project Management Consultants Inc., Ontario, Canada (www.opteam1.com). Duties include software development, training, providing consultation to the industry.Aug 2001 – Jul 2003: NSERC’s Post-Doctoral Fellow – Faculty of Engineering, Waterloo University, Ontario, Canada. Duties include conducting collaborative research with Dr. Tarek Hegazy.Jul 2000 – Sep 2000: Post-Doctoral Fellow – Faculty of Engineering, Waterloo University, Ontario, Canada. Duties include research with Dr. Tarek Hegazy.Jul 1997 – Aug 1999: Visiting Scholar – Faculty of Engineering, Waterloo University, Ontario, Canada. Duties include conducting my research work towards obtaining my Ph.D.Oct 1993 – Jan 2000: Assistant Lecturer – Structural Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Mansoura University, EGYPT. Duties include conducting research work and tutoring the following undergraduate courses: - Construction Project Management, 4th year Civil. - Structural Analysis, 1st year Civil.Oct 1988 – Sep 1993: Research Assistant – Structural Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Mansoura University, EGYPT. Duties include conducting research work and tutoring the following undergraduate courses: - Construction Project Management, 4th year Civil. - Structural Analysis, 1st year Civil. - Strength of Materials, 2nd year Civil. - Reinforced Concrete Design, 2nd year Civil.
  4. 4. Page 4 of 13 Oct 1988 - Jun 1997: Civil/Structural Engineer (Part-time) – Dr. Mahmoud Elgamal Consulting Office, Mansoura, EGYPT. Duties include the structural design of a variety of concrete multi-story buildings, and sharing in the design of many steel buildings. Jan 1988 – Sep 1988: Civil/Structural Engineer (Full-time) – Dr. Mahmoud Elgamal Consulting Office, Mansoura, EGYPT. Duties include the design and supervision on construction of many projects. This includes the preparation of structural design drawings for projects. Oct 1986 – Dec 1987: Military Service – the Egyptian Armed Forces, Metallic Floating Bridges Department. Duties include the construction and maintenance of such type of bridges.4. PROFESSIONAL AFFILIATIONS: • Member of the Egyptian Engineers Syndicate • Member of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) • Member of the Professional Engineers Ontario (PEO)5. PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES AND SERVICES: • Reviewer for the following journals: - Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, American Society of Civil Engineers. - Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering, American Society of Civil Engineers. - Journal of Construction Management and Economics, Taylor & Francis Group. - Journal of Automation in Construction, Elsevier Publishing. - Journal of Advances in Structural Engineering, Multi-Science Publishing. - Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering Journal, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing. - Emirates Journal of Engineering Research (EJER), United Arab Emirates University. - Journal of Infrastructure Systems, American Society of Civil Engineers. - Operational Research: An International Journal (ORIJ), Springer Publishing. - Journal of Mathematics and Computers in Simulation, Elsevier Publishing. - Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering. - Journal of Engineering with Computers, Springer. - IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation, ScholarOne. • Reviewer for the following conferences: - 7th Mansoura International Engineering Conference, 2010. - Construction Research Congress (CRC), ASCE, 2010. - 13th International Colloquium in Structural and Geotechnical Engineering, 2009. - 2nd International Conference on Construction In Developing Countries (ICCIDC-II), "Advancing and Integrating Construction Education, Research & Practice”, 2010. - 3rd International / 9th Construction Specialty Conference, CSCE, Ottawa, Ontario, 2011. • Reviewer for the following agencies: - ITIDA - Information Technology Industry Development Agency, Egypt. - STDF – Science and Technology Development Fund, Egypt. • Theses Examination: - "‫ ,ﻓﻼح ﻋﺒﺪ اﷲ اﻟﺴﺒﻴﻌﻰ "أراء واﺗﺠﺎهﺎت اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﻴﻦ ﺣﻮل اﻟﺨﺼﺨﺼﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻄﺒﻴﻖ ﻋﻠﻰ وزارة اﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎء واﻟﻤﺎء ﺑﺪوﻟﺔ اﻟﻜﻮﻳﺖ‬Master Thesis, Structural Engineering Department, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt, Nov. 5th, 2009.
  5. 5. Page 5 of 13 - "Predicting Pavement Performance Using Markov Chain Mode," Ehab Samir Awad Alla Erian, Master Thesis, Structural Engineering Department, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt, Jan. 27th, 2010. - "‫ ,أﺵﺮف ﻋﺒﺪ اﻟﺸﻬﻴﺪ ﻋﻠﻴﻮة ﺣﺴﻦ "ﺗﺨﺼﻴﺺ اﻟﻤﺨﺎﻃﺮ واﻟﺤﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮهﺎ ﻓﻰ ﻣﺸﺮوﻋﺎت اﻟﻘﻨﺎﻃﺮ ﺑﻤﺼﺮ‬Master Thesis, Structural Engineering Department, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt, Mar. 11th, 2010. - “Decision Support System for Construction Projects Feasibility Analysis," Khaled Mohamed Youssef, Master Thesis, Civil Engineering Department, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt, Mar. 10th, 2011. - “Integrated Visualized Framework for Repetitive Construction Projects Control," Mahmoud Dawood, Doctoral Thesis, Structural Engineering Department, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt, Mar. 13th, 2011. - "‫ ,زﻳﺪ ﺥﺎﻟﺪ ﻣﺼﻠﺢ اﻟﻤﻄﻴﺮي " دراﺱﺔ ﻋﻮاﻣﻞ ﻥﺠﺎح ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻖ اﻟﻬﻨﺪﺱﺔ اﻟﻘﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺸﺮوﻋﺎت اﻟﺘﺸﻴﻴﺪ ﺑﺪوﻟﺔ اﻟﻜﻮﻳﺖ‬Master Thesis, Structural Engineering Department, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt, Apr. 3rd, 2011. - “Value Engineering Model for Construction Projects," Hakem Safwat, Master Thesis, Structural Engineering Department, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt, Apr. 20th, 2011. - “Construction Materials Waste Assessment using Artificial Neural Networks" Khaled Kamal Eldeen, Master Thesis, Construction and Building Engineering Department, Arab Academy for Science & Technology and Maritime Transport, Alexandria, Egypt, May 8th, 2011. - “Selecting a Suitable Contract Strategy for Construction Projects in Egypt" Nabil Mohamed Abd El-Baset, Master Thesis, Construction and Building Engineering Department, Arab Academy for Science & Technology and Maritime Transport, Cairo, Egypt, May 24th, 2011. - “Towards Promoting Sustainable Construction in Egypt: A Life-cycle Cost Approach" Minas Nagy Assad, Master Thesis, Architecture and Construction Engineering Department, The American University in Cairo, Egypt, June 9th, 2011. - “Optimum Analysis of Construction Projects with Nonlinear Cash Flow," Haytham Sanad, Doctoral Thesis, Structural Engineering Department, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt, June 29th, 2011.6. COMPUTER RELATED SKILLS: • Good programming ability using Visual Basic programming language to write Windows-based programs. • Excellent programming ability using Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) to write Macro programs for Microsoft Excel, Microsoft project, and Microsoft Word. • Excellent programming ability using ForTran. • Familiar with the following software packages: - Microsoft Word (word processing) - Microsoft Excel (spreadsheet) and - Microsoft PowerPoint (presentation) • Experienced in Microsoft Project (project management). • Experienced in Primavera Enterprise (project management). • Experienced in Sap2000 (Structural Analysis) • Fair working knowledge of AutoCAD (computer-aided drawing).
  6. 6. Page 6 of 137. TRAINING COURSES OFFERED AND CONSULTATION: • Participated in many training courses for practicing engineers in both Egypt and Canada. • Provided many training courses in Project Management and Primavera with many private sector training centers in Egypt. • Providing consultation for some projects for preparing the tender documents such as: project scheduling, resource scheduling, material delivery schedule, cash flow analysis, preparing of the method statement, preparing of the safety program, and preparing the project management plan for the project. • Provided Project Planning, Scheduling along with hands-on-training on Microsoft Project. • Consultant for the training program for the Water and Wastewater Sector Support Project (WWSS), Holding Company for Water and Wastewater, Egypt. • Project Management Training Program for the Water and Wastewater Sector, American University in Cairo, Egypt. • Consultant for the training program for the Water Policy and Regulatory Reform Project (WPRR), Ministry of Housing and Utilities, Egypt. • Project Management Training Program for Qatar General Electricity and Water Corporation (KAHRAMAA), Doha, Qatar.8. SCHOLARSHIPS, FELLOWSHIPS, AND OTHER AWARDS RECEIVED: • Mansoura University Scholarship for outstanding undergraduate students, from Oct. 1981 – May 1986. • M.Sc. Scholarship for three years, faculty of Engineering, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt (Dec. 89 – Dec. 92). • Egyptian Government Scholarship for a period of two years (Aug. 97 – July 99) to study at the University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. • Post-Doctoral Fellowship for a period of three months (July 2000 – Sept. 2000) at the Department of Civil Engineering, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. • NSERC’s Post-Doctoral Fellowship for a period of two years (Aug. 2001 – July 2003) to conduct a research at the University of Waterloo, Canada. • Post-Doctoral Fellowship for a period of two months (July 2005 – Aug. 2005) at the Department of Civil Engineering, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. • Visiting Research Professor Fellowship for a period of four months (Sep. 2008 – Dec. 2008) at the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. • Visiting Professor (5/11/2010 – 11/11/2010) at the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Waterloo, Dubai Campus, Dubai, UAE.9. CONTINUING EDUCATION AND PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT: • Training workshop in “Effective Presentation Skills” for 20 hours (4 days) from 24/04/05-28/04/05, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt. • Training workshop in “Modern Directions in Teaching” for 20 hours (4 days) from 22/05/05- 25/05/05, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt. • Training workshop in “Management of Scientific Research” for 20 hours (4 days) from 12/06/05- 15/06/05, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt. • Training workshop in “University Legal and Financial Aspects” for 15 hours (3days) from 2/07/06- 4/07/06, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt. • Training workshop in “The Credit-Hour System” for 15 hours (3 days) from 27/08/06-29/08/06, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt.
  7. 7. Page 7 of 13 • Training workshop in “Use of Technology in Teaching” for 15 hours (3 days) from 3/09/06-5/09/06, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt. • Training workshop in “Student Evaluation and Examination Techniques” for 15 hours (3 days) from 21/01/07-23/01/07, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt. • Training workshop in “Time and Meeting Management” for 15 hours (3 days) from 17/08/08- 19/08/08, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt. • Training workshop in “Organizing Scientific Conferences” for 15 hours (3 days) from 01/02/09- 03/02/09, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt. • Training course in “Service Science Management and Engineering “SSME” for 40 hours (5 days) from 8/11/2009-12/11/2009, Supreme Council of Universities (SCU), Cairo, Egypt. • Training workshop in “Application of Academic Standards on Programs and Curricula” for 15 hours (3 days) from 16/1/2010-18/1/2010, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt.10. PUBLICATIONS AND SCHOLARLY ACHIEVEMENTS: 10.1 Refereed Journal Publications 1. Elbeltagi, E., Hosny, O, Abdul-Razek, M., and Saeed, M. (2010). “A Fuzzy Logic Model for Selection of Vertical Formwork Systems.” Paper submitted for possible publication in Construction Engineering and Management Journal, ASCE. 2. Elbeltagi, E., and Dawood, M. (2010). “Mathematical Model for Controlling Repetitive Construction Projects.” Paper submitted for possible publication in Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management Journal, Emerald. 3. Elbeltagi, E., Hosny, O, Elhakeem, A., Abdul-Razek, M., and Abdullah, A. (2011). “Selection of Slab Formwork System Using Fuzzy Logic.” Paper Accepted for publication in Construction Management and Economics Journal. 4. Elbeltagi, E., and Dawood, M. (2011). “Integrated Visualized Time Control System for Repetitive Construction Projects.” Paper Accepted for publication in Automation in Construction Journal, Elsevier Science. . 5. Elbeltagi, E., Dawood, M., and Abd Elraheem, A. (2011). “Statistical Fuzzy Process Control Charts for Monitoring Construction Project Performance.” Journal of Engineering and Applied Science, Cairo University, Vol. 58, No. 1, pp.. 6. Ammar, M., Elbeltagi, E., and Sanad, H. (2010). “Modeling Nonlinear Activity Cost Distributions for Optimizing Construction Cash Flow.” Ain-Shams Journal of Civil Engineering (ASJCE), Vol. 2, pp.. 7. Saeed, M., Elbeltagi, E., and Emam, M. (2008) "Selection of Optimal Vertical Formwork System in Egypt Using Fuzzy Logic." Civil Engineering Research Magazine (CERM), Al-Azhar University, Egypt, Vol. 30, No. 3, pp. 796-807. 8. Elbeltagi, E., Hegazy, T., and Grierson, D. (2007). “A Modified Shuffled-Frog-Leaping Optimization Algorithm: Applications to Project Management.” Journal of Structure and Infrastructure Engineering, Taylor & Francis, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 53-60. 9. Elbehairy, H., Elbeltagi, E., Hegazy, T, and Soudki K. (2006). “Comparison of Two Evolutionary Algorithms for Optimization of Bridge Deck Repairs” Journal of Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering, Vol. 21, No. 8, pp. 561-572.
  8. 8. Page 8 of 1310. Elbeltagi, E., Hegazy, T., and Grierson, D. (2005). “Comparison among Five Evolutionary-Based Optimization Algorithms.” Journal of Advanced Engineering Informatics, Elsevier Science, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 43-53.11. Hegazy, T., Elbeltagi, E., and Zhang, K. (2005). “Keeping Better Site Records Using Intelligent Bar Charts.” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, ASCE, Vol. 131, No. 5, pp. 513- 521.12. Hegazy, T., Elbeltagi, E., and Elbehairy, H. (2004). “Bridge Deck Management System with Integrated Life Cycle Cost Optimization.” Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 1866, TRB, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., pp. 44-50.13. Elbeltagi, E., Hegazy, T., and Eldosouky, A. (2004). “Dynamic Layout of Construction Temporary Facilities Considering Safety." Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, ASCE, Vol. 130, No. 4, pp. 534-541.14. Hegazy, T., Elhakeem, A., and Elbeltagi, E. (2004). “Distributed Scheduling Model for Infrastructure Networks.” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, ASCE, Vol. 130, No. 2, pp. 160-167.15. Attalla, M., Hegazy, T. and Elbeltagi, E. (2004). “In-House Delivery of Multiple-Small Reconstruction Projects.” Journal of Management in Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 25-31.16. Sakla, S., and Elbeltagi, E. (2003). “Design of Steel Roofs Subjected to Drifted Snow Using Genetic Optimization.” Journal of Computers and Structures, Elsevier Publisher, Vol. 81, No. 6, pp. 339-348.17. Ammar, M., and Elbeltagi, E. (2001). “Algorithm for Determining Controlling Path Considering Resource Continuity." Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 15, No. 4, pp. 292- 298.18. Elbeltagi, E., Hegazy, T., Hosny, A., and Eldosouky, A. (2001). “Schedule-Dependent Evolution of Site Layout Planning." Journal of Construction Management and Economics, Vol. 19, No. 7, pp. 689-697.19. Elbeltagi, E., and Hegazy, T. (2001). “A Hybrid AI-Based System for Site Layout Planning in Construction." Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering Journal, Vol. 16, No.2, pp. 79- 93.20. Hegazy, T., Shabeeb, A., Elbeltagi, E., and Cheema T. (2000). “Algorithm for Scheduling with MultiSkilled Constrained Resources.” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, ASCE, Vol. 126, No. 6, pp. 414-421.21. Karray, F., Zaneldin, E., Hegazy, T., Shabeeb, A., and Elbeltagi, E. (2000). "Tools of Soft Computing as Applied to the Problem of Facilities Layout Planning." IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems, Vol. 8., No. 4, pp. 367-379.22. Hegazy, T., and Elbeltagi, E. (2000). “Simplified Spreadsheet Solutions: A Model for Site Layout Planning.” Cost Engineering Journal, AACE International, Vol. 42, No. 1, pp. 24-30.23. Hegazy, T., and Elbeltagi, E. (1999). “EvoSite: An Evolution-Based Model for Site Layout Planning." Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 13, No. 3, pp. 198-206.
  9. 9. Page 9 of 1324. Eldosouky, A., Abdel Reheem, A., and Elbeltagi, E. (1992). “A Comparison Approaches for Multi Project Scheduling.” Civil Engineering Research Magazine (CERM), Al-Azhar University, Egypt, Vol. 14, No. 9, pp. 42-51.10.2 Conference Publications25. Wefki, H., Elbeltagi, E., and Abdul-Razek, M.E. (2010). “Selecting an Appropriate Excavation Support System in Egypt Using Fuzzy AHP.” Al-Azhar Engineering Eleventh International Conference (AEIC 2010) (CD-ROM), Dec. 21-23, 2010, Cairo, Egypt. Published, also, in Al-Azhar University Engineering Journal, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 510-523.26. ‫اﻟﻤﻠﻴﺠﻰ،ﻡﺤﻤﻮد، اﻟﺒﻠﺘﺎﺝﻰ، ﻋﻤﺎد و اﻟﻤﻄﻴﺮى، زیﺪ )0102(. "زیﺎدة ﻡﻌﺮﻓﺔ اﻟﻤﻬﻨﺪﺳﻴﻦ ﺏﻌﻮاﻡﻞ ﻧﺠﺎح ﺕﻄﺒﻴﻖ اﻟﻬﻨﺪﺳﺔ‬ ،‫اﻟﻘﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﻓﻰ ﻡﺸﺮوﻋﺎت اﻟﺘﺸﻴﻴﺪ" اﻟﻤﺆﺕﻤﺮ اﻟﺴﻨﻮى اﻟﺨﺎﻡﺲ واﻷرﺏﻌﻴﻦ ﻓﻰ اﻹﺡﺼﺎء وﻋﻠﻮم اﻟﺤﺎﺳﺐ وﺏﺤﻮث اﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎت‬ .2010 ‫اﻟﻘﺎهﺮة، ﻡﺼﺮ، 31-61 دیﺴﻤﺒﺮ‬27. Elbeltagi, E., Hegazy, T., and Grierson, D. (2010). “A New Evolutionary Strategy for Pareto Multi- Objective Optimization.” Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Engineering Computational Technology, B.H.V. Topping, J.M. Adam, F.J. Pallares, R. Bru and M.L. Romero, (Editors), Civil-Comp Press, Stirlingshire, Scotland, Paper Ref. 19, Sep. 14-17, 2010, Valencia, Spain, 17 pages.28. Elbeltagi, E., and Dawood, M. (2010). “Automated BIM and GIS-Based nD Visualization System for Controlling Repetitive Construction Projects.” Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Construction In Developing Countries (ICCIDC-II) (CD-ROM), Aug 3-5, 2010, Cairo, Egypt, pp. 530- 540.29. Elbeltagi, E., and Dawood, M. (2010). “Construction Performance Monitoring Based on Fuzzy Control Chart.” the 35th Annual Meeting of the Australasian Universities Building Education Association (AUBEA) (CD-ROM), Jul 14-16, 2010, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, pp. A001-1:A001-13.30. Ammar, M., Elbeltagi, E. and Sanad, H. (2010). “Multi-Objective Time-Cost Trade-Off Optimization Using Ant Colony.” Proceedings of the 7th International Engineering Conference, Faculty of Engineering, Mansoura University, Mar. 23-28, 2010, Mansoura-Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt, pp.400- 409.31. Elbeltagi, E., Ammar, M. and Sanad, H. (2009). “Optimization of Construction Cash Flows with Nonlinear Cost Distributions.” Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Structural and Geotechnical Engineering (CD-ROM), Dec 27-29, 2009, Cairo, Egypt, pp. 191-200.32. Elbeltagi, E., and Tantawy, M. (2009) “Integrated Asset Management Framework.” 11th Arab Structural Engineering Conference, October 25-27, 2009, Dhahran, KSA, 6 pages.33. El-Agroudy, M., Elbeltagi, E., and Abdul-Razek, M.E. (2009). “A Fuzzy Logic Approach for Contractor Selection.” Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Construction in the 21st Century (CITC-V) (CD-ROM), May 20-22, Istanbul, Turkey, pp. 194-201.34. Salem, A., Elbeltagi, E., and Abdel-Razek, R. (2008) "Predicting Conceptual Cost of Libyan Highway Projects Using Artificial Neural Network." Al-Azhar Engineering Tenth International Conference (AEIC 2008) (CD-ROM), Dec. 24-26, 2008, Cairo, Egypt. Published, also, in Al-Azhar University Engineering Journal, Vol. 3, No. 10, pp. 76-88.35. Elbeltagi, E., and Elkassas, E. (2008) "Cost Optimization of Projects with Repetitive Activities Using Genetic Algorithms." The Sixth International Conference on Engineering Computational
  10. 10. Page 10 of 13 Technology, M. Papadrakakis and B.H.V. Topping, (Editors), Civil-Comp Press, Stirlingshire, Scotland, Paper Ref. 66, Sep. 2-5, 2008, Athens, Greece, 15 pages.36. Elbeltagi, E., and Tantawy, M. (2008) “Asset Management: The Ongoing Crisis.” Second Conference on Project Management (CD-ROM), April 5-9, 2008, Riyadh, KSA, 9 pages.37. Elgamal, A., Elbeltagi, E., and Emam, M. (2008) “Parametric Cost Estimate of Maintenance Works for Educational Buildings Using Artificial Neural Networks.” 6th International Engineering Conference, Faculty of Engineering, Mansoura University, (CD-ROM), Mar. 13-16, 2008, Mansoura-Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt, pp. 68-77.38. Elbeltagi, E., El-Kassas, E., Abdel Rasheed, I., and El-Tawil, S. (2007) “Scheduling and Cost Optimization of Repetitive Projects Using Genetic Algorithms.” 17th International Conference on Computer Theory and Applications (ICCTA) (CD-ROM), Sep. 1-3, 2007, Alexandria, Egypt, pp. 319-327.39. Elbeltagi, E. (2007). “Evolutionary Algorithms for Large-Scale Optimization in Construction Management.” First Conference on Project Management: the Future Trends in the Project Management (CD-ROM), April 7-11, 2007, Riyadh, KSA, 10 pages.40. Elbeltagi, E. (2006). “A Modified Shuffled-Frog-Leaping Algorithm for Optimizing Bridge Deck Repairs.” International Conference on Bridge Management Systems Monitoring, Assessment, and Rehabilitation (HBRC) (CD-ROM), March 21-23, 2006, Cairo, Egypt, Paper # BMS03805, 10 pages.41. Elbeltagi, E., Elbehairy, H., Hegazy, T., and Grierson, D. (2005). “Evolutionary Algorithms for Optimizing Bridge Deck Rehabilitation.” International Conference on Computing in Civil Engineering (CD-ROM), July 12-15, 2005, Cancun, Mexico, Paper # 8542.42. Elbehairy, H., Hegazy, T, Elbeltagi, E., and Soudki K. (2005). “Alternative Formulations for Large Scale Optimization of Infrastructure Maintenance.” 1st Infrastructure Specialty Conference of the Canadian Society of Civil Engineering (CD-ROM), CSCE, June 2-4, 2005, Toronto, Canada, pp. FR-160-1 - FR-160-9.43. Elbeltagi, E. (2005). “Using Ant Colony Optimization for Time-Cost Trade-Off in Construction.” 11th International Colloquium of Structural and Geotechnical Engineering (ICSGE) (CD-ROM), May 17- 19, 2005, Cairo, Egypt, pp. MG15-1 – MG15-10.44. Elbeltagi, E. (2004). “Applicability of Genetic Algorithms in Construction Engineering and Management.” Proceedings of the International Conference on Structural & Geotechnical Engineering and Construction Technology (SGECT’04), March 23-25, Mansoura, Egypt, Vol. 2, pp. 1049-1062.45. Hegazy, T., Elbeltagi, E., and Elbehairy, H. (2004). “Bridge Deck Management System with Integrated Life Cycle Cost Optimization.” 83rd Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting (CD- ROM), TRB, Jan 11-15, Washington, D.C., USA, Paper # 04-5060.46. Hegazy, T., Elbeltagi, E., Elhakeem, A., and Attalla, M. (2003). “Optimum Resource Planning for Large Infrastructure Maintenance/Construction Operation.” 9th Arab Structural Engineering Conference (CD-ROM), ASEC, Nov 29 – Dec 1, Abu Dhabi, UAE, pp. 1017-1024.47. Attalla, M., Fetaih, A., Hegazy, T., and Elbeltagi, E. (2003). “Delivering Projects with Quality and Safety.” 5th Construction Specialty Conference of the Canadian Society of Civil Engineering (CD- ROM), CSCE, June 4-7, Moncton, NB, Canada, pp. COH-294-1 - COH-294-9.
  11. 11. Page 11 of 1348. Elbeltagi, E., and Hegazy, T. (2003). “Optimum Layout Planning for Irregular Construction Sites.” 5th Construction Specialty Conference of the Canadian Society of Civil Engineering (CD-ROM), CSCE, June 4-7, Moncton, NB, Canada, pp. COG-197-1 – COG-197-10.49. Sakla, S., and Elbeltagi, E. (2003). “Using Genetic Algorithms for the Optimal Design of Steel Roofs Subjected to Non-Uniform Loads.” 10th International Colloquium of Structural and Geotechnical Engineering (ICSGE) (CD-ROM), April 22-24, Cairo, Egypt, pp. E03ST22-1 – E03ST22-15.50. Elbeltagi, E., and Hegazy, T. (2002). “Incorporating Safety into Construction Site Management.” Proceedings of the First International Conference on construction in the 21st Century (CITC2002), “Challenges and Opportunities in Management and Technology”, April 25-26, Miami, Florida, USA, pp. 261-268.51. Ammar, M., and Elbeltagi, E., (2001). “Controlling Path Determination in Linear Construction Projects.” 9th International Colloquium of Structural and Geotechnical Engineering (ICSGE) (CD- ROM), April 10-12, Cairo, Egypt, pp. MG01-1 - MG01-10.52. Karray, F., Zaneldin, E., Hegazy, T., Shabeeb, A., and Elbeltagi, E. (2000). "Computational Intelligence Tools for Solving the Facilities Layout Planning Problem." Proceedings of the American Control Conference 2000, ACC 2000, June 28-30, Illinois, USA, Vol. 6, pp. 3954-3958.53. Elbeltagi, E., and Hegazy, T. (1999). “Genetic Optimization of Site Layout Planning.” AACE Transactions, 43rd AACE International Annual Conference, June 27-30, Denver, CO, USA, pp. IT.05.1-IT.05.8.10.3 Discussion and Closure54. “Algorithm for Determining Controlling Path Considering Resource Continuity." by P.G. Ioannou, R.B. Harris, and I-T. Yang, Closure by M. Ammar and E. Elbeltagi, Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 68-73.10.4 Other Publications55. Elbeltagi, E. (2000). “Construction Site Management.” Ph.D. Thesis, Structural Engineering Department, Mansoura University, Mansoura, EGYPT.56. Elbeltagi, E. (1993). “Scheduling Construction Projects Under Multiple Resource Constraints by Heuristic Methods.” Master’s Thesis, Structural Engineering Department, Mansoura University, Mansoura, EGYPT.57. Elbeltagi, E. (1986). “Reinforced Concrete Design.” Undergraduate Graduation project, Civil Engineering Department, Mansoura University, Mansoura, EGYPT.10.5 Presentations1. “A New Evolutionary Strategy for Pareto Multi- Objective Optimization.” Seventh International Conference on Engineering Computational Technology, Sep. 14-17, 2010, Valencia, Spain.2. “Automated BIM and GIS-Based nD Visualization System for Controlling Repetitive Construction Projects.” 2nd International Conference on Construction In Developing Countries (ICCIDC-II), Aug 3- 5, 2010, Cairo, Egypt.
  12. 12. Page 12 of 133. “Multi-Objective Time-Cost Trade-Off Optimization Using Ant Colony.” 7th International Engineering Conference, Faculty of Engineering, Mansoura University, Mar. 23-28, 2010, Mansoura-Sharm El- Sheikh, Egypt.4. “Optimization of Construction Cash Flows with Nonlinear Cost Distributions.” 13th International Conference on Structural and Geotechnical Engineering, Dec 27-29, 2009, Cairo, Egypt.5. "Cost Optimization of Projects with Repetitive Activities Using Genetic Algorithms." The Sixth International Conference on Engineering Computational Technology, Sep. 2-5, 2008, Athens, Greece.6. “Asset Management: The Ongoing Crisis.” Second Conference on Project Management, April 5-9, 2008, Riyadh, KSA.7. “Parametric Cost Estimate of Maintenance Works for Educational Buildings Using Artificial Neural Networks.” 6th International Engineering Conference, Faculty of Engineering, Mansoura University, Mar. 13-16, 2008, Mansoura-Sharm El-Sheikh.8. “Evolutionary Algorithms for Large-Scale Optimization in Construction Management.” First Conference on Project Management: the Future Trends in the Project Management, April 7-11, 2007, Riyadh, KSA.9. “A Modified Shuffled-Frog-Leaping Algorithm for Optimizing Bridge Deck Repairs.” International Conference on Bridge Management Systems Monitoring, Assessment, and Rehabilitation (HBRC), March 21-23, 2006, Cairo, Egypt.10. “Evolutionary Algorithms for Optimizing Bridge Deck Rehabilitation.” The International Conference on Computing in Civil Engineering, July 12-15, 2005, Cancun, Mexico.11. “Using Ant Colony Optimization for Time-Cost Trade-Off in Construction.” The 11th International Colloquium of Structural and Geotechnical Engineering (ICSGE), May 17-19, 2005, Cairo, Egypt.12. “Applicability of Genetic Algorithms in Construction Engineering and Management.” The International Conference on Structural & Geotechnical Engineering and Construction Technology (SGECT’04), March 23-25, 2004, Mansoura, Egypt.13. “Bridge Deck Management System with Integrated Life Cycle Cost Optimization.” TRB 83rd Annual Meeting, Jan11-15, 2004, Washington, D.C., USA.14. “Optimum Layout Planning for Irregular Construction Sites.” 5th Construction Specialty Conference of the Canadian Society of Civil Engineering, CSCE, June 4-7, 2003, Moncton, NB, Canada.15. “Incorporating Safety into Construction Site Management.” 1st International Conference on construction in the 21st Century (CITC2002), “Challenges and Opportunities in Management and Technology”, April 25-26, 2002, Miami, Florida, USA.16. “Controlling Path Determination in Linear Construction Projects.” 9th International Colloquium on Structural and Geo-technical Engineering (ICSGE), April 10-12, 2001, Cairo, Egypt.17. “Schedule-Dependent Evolution of Construction Site Plans.” University of Waterloo, Civil Engineering Department Seminar Series, Fall 2000, Waterloo, ON, Canada.18. “Genetic Optimization of Site Layout Planning.” AACE 43rd International Annual Conference, June 27-30, 1999, Denver, CO, USA.
  13. 13. Page 13 of 1310.6 Masters Theses Supervised to Completion1. Dawood, M. (2003) "Construction Project Control." M.Sc. Thesis, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt (Co-supervised with Prof. A. Hasanein and Prof. A. Eldosouky).2. Al-Taweel, S. (2007) “Repetitive Projects Scheduling and Optimization Using Genetic Algorithms.” Arab Academy for Science Technology and Maritime Transport (AASTMT), Alexandria, Egypt (Co- supervised with Prof. I. Abdelrasheed and Prof. E. Elkassas).3. Elgamal, A. (2008) “Parametric Cost Estimate of Maintenance Works for Educational Buildings using Artificial Neural Networks.” Arab Academy for Science Technology and Maritime Transport (AASTMT), Cairo, Egypt (Co-supervised with Prof. M. Emam).4. El-Fitory, A. (2008) “Predicting Conceptual Cost of Libyan Highway Projects Using Artificial Neural Network.” Arab Academy for Science Technology and Maritime Transport (AASTMT), Cairo, Egypt (Co-supervised with Prof. R. Abdel-Razek).5. El-Abbasy, M. (2008) “Selection of Optimal Vertical Formwork System in Egypt Using Fuzzy Logic.” Arab Academy for Science Technology and Maritime Transport (AASTMT), Cairo, Egypt (Co- supervised with Prof. M. Emam).6. El-Agroudy, M. (2008) “A Fuzzy Model for Contractor Selection in the Egyptian Construction Industry.” Arab Academy for Science Technology and Maritime Transport (AASTMT), Cairo, Egypt (Co-supervised with Prof. M. Emam).7. ‫اﻟﺴﺒﻴﻌﻰ، ﻓﻼح )9002( "أراء واﺗﺠﺎهﺎت اﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﻴﻦ ﺣﻮل اﻟﺨﺼﺨﺼﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻄﺒﻴﻖ ﻋﻠﻰ وزارة اﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎء واﻟﻤﺎء ﺑﺪوﻟﺔ‬ .‫اﻟﻜﻮﻳﺖ" آﻠﻴﺔ اﻟﻬﻨﺪﺱﺔ – ﺝﺎﻣﻌﺔ اﻟﻤﻨﺼﻮرة، اﻟﻤﻨﺼﻮرة، ﻣﺼﺮ‬ .(‫)اﺵﺮاف ﻣﺸﺘﺮك ﻣﻊ د. ﺹﻼح اﻟﺒﺠﻼﺗﻰ‬8. Wefki, H. (2011) “Selecting an Appropriate Excavation Support System in Egypr Using Fuzzy AHP.” Arab Academy for Science Technology and Maritime Transport (AASTMT), Cairo, Egypt (Co- supervised with Prof. M. Emam).9. ‫اﻟﻤﻄﻴﺮى، زﻳﺪ )1102( "دراﺱﺔ ﻋﻮاﻣﻞ ﻥﺠﺎح ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻖ اﻟﻬﻨﺪﺱﺔ اﻟﻘﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺸﺮوﻋﺎت اﻟﺘﺸﻴﻴﺪ ﺑﺪوﻟﺔ اﻟﻜﻮﻳﺖ" آﻠﻴﺔ اﻟﻬﻨﺪﺱﺔ‬ .‫– ﺝﺎﻣﻌﺔ اﻟﻤﻨﺼﻮرة، اﻟﻤﻨﺼﻮرة، ﻣﺼﺮ‬ .(‫)اﺵﺮاف ﻣﺸﺘﺮك ﻣﻊ د. ﻣﺤﻤﻮد اﻟﻤﻠﻴﺠﻰ‬10.7 Doctoral Theses Supervised to Completion1. Dawood, M. (2011) "Integrated Visualized Framework for Repetitive Construction Projects Control." PhD Thesis, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt (Co-supervised with Prof. A. Hasanein).2. Sanad, H. (2011) "Optimum Analysis of Construction Projects with Nonlinear Cash Flow." PhD Thesis, Tanata University, Tanta, Egypt (Co-supervised with Prof. M. Ammar).
  14. 14. LECTURE NOTES ONCONSTRUCTION PROJECT MANAGEMENT Emad Elbeltagi, Ph.D., P.Eng., Structural Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Mansoura University
  15. 15. Structural Eng. DepartmentFaculty of EngineeringMansoura University Construction Project management (Third Year Civil)Objectives:This course focuses on the successful management of construction projects within budget,deadlines, and resource limits. Students will learn the basics of cost estimating, scheduling,bidding, and project control. The course focuses on: • Project stages • Project delivery approaches and contract types • Detailed cost estimation • Planning • Scheduling using Bar charts, CPM • Resource scheduling & Resource leveling • Scheduling of Repetitive Projects • Time-Cost Trade-off Analysis • Cash flow analysis • Project updating and delay analysis • Bidding analysis and pricing policy • Project control techniquesLectures Mondays: 12:30 – 12:30 PM Thursdays: 2:00 – 4:00 PMTutorials As per the announced scheduleInstructor Dr. Emad Elbeltagi Office: B241 Web page: http://osp.mans.edu.eg/elbeltagi E-mail:eelbelta@mans.edu.eg & eelbelta@yahoo.comOffice Hours Mondays 10:30-12:10 PM and Thursdays 4:00 – 5:40 PMTeaching assistant Eng. Ather Elshikh
  16. 16. TABLE OF CONTENTS1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 Construction Industry 1.2 The Players 1.3 Categories of Construction Projects 1.4 Project Manager 1.5 Project Phases 1.5.1 Pre-construction 1.5.2 Procurement Phase 1.5.3 Construction Phase 1.5.4 Closeout2. CONTRACT STRATEGY 2.1 Organization Structures 2.2 Contractual Relationships 2.3 Construction Contracts 2.4 Contract Documents 2.5 Tender Documents 2.6 Tendering Methods 2.7 Bid Evaluation3. PROJECT PLANNING AND SCHEDULING 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Project Planning Steps 3.1.1 Work Breakdown 3.1.2 Project Activities 3.1.3 Logical Relationships 3.1.4 Overlap 3.1.5 Network Representation 3.3 Estimating Activity Duration and Direct Cost4. PROJECT SCHEDULING 4.1 Introduction 4.2 The Critical Path Method 4.3 Calculations for the Critical Path Method 4.3.1 Activity-on-nodes network calculations 4.3.2 Precedence diagram method 3.2.3 Bar Chart 4.4 Time-Scaled Diagram 4.5 Schedule Presentation 4.6 Criticisms to Network Techniques 4.7 Solved Examples
  17. 17. 5. SCHEDULING OF REPETITIVE PROJECTS 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Linear Projects 5.3 Resource Driven Scheduling 5.4 Summary Diagrams 5.4.1 Summary diagrams using two relationships 5.4.2 Summary diagrams using one relationship 5.5 Line of Balance 5.5.1 Basic representation 5.5.2 Line of balance calculations 5.3.3 Example application6. RESOURCES MANAGEMENT 6.1 Introduction 6.1 Resource Definition 6.3 Resource Management 6.4 Resource Allocation 6.5 Resource Aggregation 6.6 Resource Leveling (Smoothing) 6.6.1 Method of moments for resource smoothing 6.6.2 Heuristic procedure for resource smoothing 6.7 Scheduling Limited Resource 6.8 Case Study7. PROJECT TIME-COST TRADE-OFF 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Tine-Cost Trade-off 7.3 Activity Tine-Cost Relationship 7.4 Project Time-Cost Relationship 7.5 Shortening Project Duration8. PROJECT FINANCE AND CONTRACT PRICING 8.1 Introduction 8.2 Contract Cash Flow 8.2.1 Construction project costs 8.2.2 Project S-curve 8.2.3 Project Income (Cash-in) 8.2.4 Calculating contract cash flow 8.2.5 Minimizing contractor negative cash flow 8.2.6 Cost of borrowing (Return of investment) 8.3 Project Cash Flow 8.3.1 Project profitability indicators
  18. 18. 8.4 Discounted cash Flow 8.4.1 Present value 8.4.2 Net present value 8.4.3 Internal rate of return 8.5 Finalizing a Tender Price 8.5.1 Estimating profit margin 8.5.2 Risk management 8.6 Pricing Policy 8.6.1 Balanced bid 8.6.2 Unbalanced bid 8.6.3 Method-related-charge9. SCHEDULE UPDATING AND DELAYS 6.1 Scheduling Updating 6.2 Delays 5.2.1 Type of Delays 5.2.2 The As-Built Schedule 5.2.3 Analysis of Concurrent Delays10. COST CONTROL 10.1 Developing Cost Curves 10.2 The Earned Value Concept
  19. 19. REFERENCESAwani, Alfred O. (1983). “Project Management Techniques.” Petrocelli Books Inc.Clough, Richard H. & Sears, Gelen A. (1979). “Construction Project Management.” John Wiley& Sons Inc., NY.Cormican, David. (1985). “Construction Management: Planning and Finance.” ConstructionPress, London.Eldosouky, Adel I. (1996). “Principles of Construction Project Management.” MansouraUniversity Press, Mansoura, Egypt.Gould, Frederick E. (1997). “Managing the Construction Process: Estimating, Scheduling, andProject Control.” Prentice-Hall Inc., New Gersy.Harris, Frank & McCaffer, Ronald. (1983). “Modern Construction Management.” GranadaPublishing, Great Britain.Harris, Robert. (1978). “Precedence and Arrow Networking Techniques for Construction.” JohnWiley & Sons Inc., NY.Pilcher, Roy. (1992). “Principles of Construction Management.” Mc-Graw Hill Book company,3rd ed.ElgareAllah, Mohamed Ibrahim & Nawara, Jamal Mohamed. (1984). “Edarat Almsharee’Alhandaseah.” John Wiley & Sons Inc., NY. (This book is available in Arabic). "‫اﺑﺮاهﻴﻢ ﻋﺒﺪ اﻟﺮﺷﻴﺪ ﻧﺼﻴﺮ "إدارة ﻣﺸﺮوﻋﺎت اﻟﺘﺸﻴﻴﺪ‬
  20. 20. Contract Strategy ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺔ اﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ‬ Contract StrategyContract strategy means: selecting organizational and contractual policies required for executing a specific project ‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﻬﻴﻜﻞ اﻟﺘﻨﻈﻴﻤﻰ وﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ اﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ وﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻨﺎﻗﺼﺔ اﻟﺘﻰ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ أهﺪاف اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع وﺗﻀﻤﻦ ﻟﻪ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﺠﺎح‬ 24/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 2 1
  21. 21. Contract StrategyProject Objectives 1. Time 2. Cost 3. Performance 4. Other ObjectivesTime If the top-rank owner objective is to start the project as early as possible to maximize the profit or for political reasons, then a contracting strategy that allows speedy project delivery, such as overlapping design and construction, may become desirable 24/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 3 Contract StrategyProject Objectives 1. Time 2. Cost 3. Performance 4. Other ObjectivesCost There may be a need for minimum project cost to ensure adequate economic return. The selected contract strategy, therefore, should be flexible to the owner’s cost requirements while also maintaining the other objectives desirable 24/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 4 2
  22. 22. Contract StrategyProject Objectives 1. Time 2. Cost 3. Performance 4. Other ObjectivesPerformance If the performance of the work at top-rank to the owner then a contracting strategy that accommodates changes to achieve a better performance and a teamwork approach may be desirable 24/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 5 Contract StrategyProject Objectives 1. Time 2. Cost 3. Performance 4. Other ObjectivesOther Objectives Risk sharing between the owner and the contractor Staff training or transfer of technology Involving the contractor in the design Use of local material and resources Choice of labor-intensive construction Protection of the environment 24/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 6 3
  23. 23. Contract StrategyThe ContractWhat is a contract Legally binding document that describes the responsibilities and rights of the parties 24/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 7 Contract StrategyThe ContractHow are contracts formed? Owner issues Invitation for Bids (IFB) Contractor prepares and submits bid Owner reviews and accepts bid A contract document is developed, reviewed, and agreed upon by parties The contract is signed by parties 24/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 8 4
  24. 24. Contract StrategyThe ContractContracts documents Contract agreement General conditions Special conditions Bills of quantities Drawings Specifications Plans Others (Change orders, Warranty,..) 24/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 9 Contract StrategyThe ContractContract agreement Usually includes names of parties, contract price, project duration, and scope of work 24/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 10 5
  25. 25. Contract StrategyThe ContractGeneral conditions Responsibilities of each party Project Duration Establishes the payment process Warranty period and process Special conditions Describe unique requirements of the project Unusual work hours Site access restrictions Owner-furnished items Other special requirements 24/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 11 Contract StrategyOrganizational Structure (Project delivery methods) ‫وﻳﻘﺼﺪ ﺑﻪ آﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﺔ اﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ واﻟﺘﻨﻘﻴﺬ واﻹﺷﺮاف ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬ او اﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ ﺑﻴﻦ أﻃﺮاف اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع‬ Traditional (General) Approach (‫)ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ اﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪاﻟﻌﺎم أو اﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪى‬ Separate Approach (‫)ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ اﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ اﻟﻤﻨﻔﺼﻞ‬ Direct labor force (In-house) (‫)ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ اﻟﻠﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬ اﻟﺪاﺧﻠﻰ‬ Turnkey approach (‫)ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺗﺴﻠﻴﻢ اﻟﻤﻔﺘﺎح‬ Construction Management (‫)ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ اﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ اﻟﻤﺘﺨﺼﺺ‬ 24/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 12 6
  26. 26. Contract StrategyOrganizational Structure Traditional approach 24/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 13 Contract StrategyOrganizational StructureTraditional approach advantages Price competition Total cost is known before construction starts Well documented approach used in most governmental projectsTraditional approach disadvantages Takes a long time Designer does not benefit from contractor experience Conflicts between owner & contractor and A/E & contractor Changes may lead to disputes and claims 24/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 14 7
  27. 27. Contract StrategyOrganizational Structure Separate contracting method 24/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 15 Contract StrategyOrganizational StructureSeparate contract method advantages Price competition Total cost is known before construction starts The owner can save profit that goes to the general contractor Suitable for projects that need specialized contractorsSeparate approach disadvantages Needs a qualified project manager The owner may be subjected to high risk Conflicts between contractors 24/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 16 8
  28. 28. Contract StrategyOrganizational Structure Direct labor Used by large authorities The owner performs both the design and the construction May use consultants for some specialized designs 24/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 17 Contract StrategyOrganizational Structure Direct labor Most suitable for small projects Can be used when expertise are available Low risk projects Inadequate scope definition 24/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 18 9
  29. 29. Contract StrategyOrganizational Structure Turnkey approach (Design-build) Used mostly for repetitive typical work The contractor performs design and construction The owner appoints project manager 24/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 19 Contract StrategyOrganizational Structure Turnkey contract advantages The contractor share or perform the design Used for fast-track contracts, construction can start with the design Turnkey disadvantages Design changes are limited Example Franchise projects 24/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 20 10
  30. 30. Contract StrategyOrganizational Structure Construction management ‫ﻳﻘﻮم اﻟﻤﺎﻟﻚ ﺑﺎﻻﺳﺘﻌﺎﻧﺔ ﺑﻤﻘﺎول ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺺ )ﻣﻘﺎول ادارة( ﻟﺘﻨﺴﻴﻖ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬ ‫واﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺮوع وهﻮ ﻳﻘﺎﺑﻞ اﻻﺳﺘﺸﺎرى ﻓﻰ اﻟﻨﻈﺎم اﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪى‬ 24/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 21 Contract StrategyContracting Stages 24/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 22 11
  31. 31. Contract StrategyContracting Stages Bidding documents Invitation to bid ‫ﺧﻄﺎب اﻟﻤﺎﻟﻚ‬ Acceptance form ‫ﺷﻜﻞ اﻟﻤﻨﺎﻗﺼﺔ‬ Construction Contract ‫ﺷﻜﻞ اﻟﻌﻘﺪ‬ 24/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 23 Contract StrategyContracting Stages Contractor selection ‫ﻳﺘﻘﺪم اﻟﻤﻘﺎول ﺑﻤﻈﺮوف ﻓﻨﻰ وﻣﻈﺮوف ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻮم ﻟﺠﻨﺔ ﻓﺘﺢ اﻟﻤﻈﺎرﻳﻒ ﺑﻔﺘﺢ اﻟﻤﻈﺮوف اﻟﻔﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻮم ﻟﺠﻨﺔ اﻟﺒﺖ ﺑﻔﺘﺢ اﻟﻤﻈﺮوف اﻟﻤﺎﻟﻰ‬ 24/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 24 12
  32. 32. Contract Strategy Contracting Stages The agreement 24/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 25 Contract Strategy Type of Contracts Contracts are classified according to the method of payment to the contractor ‫ﺗﺼﻨﻒ اﻟﻌﻘﻮد ﺑﺼﻔﺔ أﺳﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﺣﺴﺐ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ اﻟﺪﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎول‬ Contracts‫ ﻣﻌﺘﻤﺪة ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺘﻜﻠﻔﺔ‬Cost based Price based ‫ﻣﻌﺘﻤﺪة ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺴﻌﺮ‬ Cost plus Target Cost Unit price Lump sum ‫اﻟﺘﻜﻠﻔﺔ اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻬﺪﻓﺔ اﻟﺘﻜﻠﻔﺔ ﻣﻊ اﺳﺘﺮداد‬ ‫ﺛﻤﻦ اﻟﻮﺣﺪة‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻘﻄﻮﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﺼﺮوﻓﺎت‬ 24/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 26 13
  33. 33. Contract StrategyType of Contracts What is the difference between cost & price? ‫ﻣﺎاﻟﻔﺮق ﺑﻴﻦ اﻟﺘﻜﻠﻔﺔ و اﻟﺴﻌﺮ ؟‬ Price Margin Cost Profit Indirect cost Direct cost Risk allowance Site overhead Labor Financial charge Office overhead Material Equipment Subcontractors 24/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 27 Contract StrategyType of Contracts 1. Unit Price 3. Cost Plus 2. Lump Sum 4. Target CostFactors favoring the use of a specific contract Providing incentive for efficient performance ‫اﻟﺠﻴﺪ‬ ‫اﻋﻄﺎء ﺣﺎﻓﺰ ﻟﻠﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬ‬ Introducing changes during construction ‫اﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺪرة ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮ اﺛﻨﺎء‬ Allocation of risk between owner & ‫واﻟﻤﻘﺎول‬ ‫ﺗﻮزﻳﻊ اﻟﻤﺨﺎﻃﺮ ﺑﻴﻦ اﻟﻤﺎﻟﻚ‬ contractor 24/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 28 14
  34. 34. ‫‪Contract Strategy‬‬ ‫‪Type of Contracts‬‬ ‫‪1. Unit Price‬‬ ‫‪3. Cost Plus‬‬ ‫‪2. Lump Sum‬‬ ‫‪4. Target Cost‬‬‫)ﻋﻘﺪ اﻟﻤﻘﺎﻳﺴﺔ( ‪) or Admeasurement contract‬ﻋﻘﺪ ﺛﻤﻦ اﻟﻮﺣﺪة( ‪Unit price‬‬‫ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺗﻜﻮن ﻣﻔﺼﻠﺔ وﻳﺘﻔﻖ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺑﻴﻦ اﻟﻤﺎﻟﻚ واﻟﻤﻘﺎول )دﻓﺘﺮ اﻟﻜﻤﻴﺎت .‪(B.O.Q‬‬ ‫ﻳﺤﺪد اﻟﻤﻘﺎول ﺳﻌﺮ ﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬ آﻞ ﺑﻨﺪ ﻳﻐﻄﻰ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ اﻟﺘﻜﻠﻔﺔ، وﻟﻜﻦ اﻟﻤﺎﻟﻚ ﻻ ﻳﻌﺮف اﻟﻨﺴﺐ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻟﻬﺬﻩ اﻟﻌﻨﺎﺻﺮ وﺑﺎﻟﺘﺎﻟﻰ ﻻ ﻳﻌﺮف أﻳﺔ ﺗﻔﺎﺻﻴﻞ ﻋﻦ رﺑﺢ اﻟﻤﻘﺎول أو ﻣﺨﺎﻃﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﻳﺴﻤﺢ ﺑﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮات ﻓﻰ اﻟﻜﻤﻴﺎت اﻟﻮاردة ﺑﺪﻓﺘﺮ اﻟﻜﻤﻴﺎت ﺑﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻣﺤﺪدة )52%(‬ ‫إذا اﺳﺘﺤﺪﺛﺖ ﺑﻨﻮد أو زادت آﻤﻴﺎت اﻟﺒﻨﻮد اﻟﻮاردة ﺑﺪﻓﺘﺮ اﻟﻜﻤﻴﺎت ﻋﻦ اﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ اﻟﻤﺤﺪدة‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻜﻞ ﻟﺠﻨﺔ ﻟﺪراﺳﺔ اﻟﺴﻌﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ اﻟﻐﺎﻟﺐ ﻻ ﺗﻨﺼﻒ اﻟﻠﺠﻨﺔ اﻟﻤﻘﺎول ﻣﻤﺎ ﻳﺆدى إﻟﻰ ﺣﺪوث ﻣﻨﺎزﻋﺎت‬ ‫6002/90/42‬ ‫‪Emad Elbeltagi‬‬ ‫92‬ ‫‪Contract Strategy‬‬ ‫‪Type of Contracts‬‬ ‫‪1. Unit Price‬‬ ‫‪3. Cost Plus‬‬ ‫‪2. Lump Sum‬‬ ‫‪4. Target Cost‬‬‫‪Unit price contract‬‬ ‫ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪم ﻋﻘﺪ اﻟﻤﻘﺎﻳﺴﺔ ﻓﻰ اﻟﻤﺸﺮوﻋﺎت اﻟﻨﻤﻄﻴﺔ وﻣﺸﺮوﻋﺎت اﻟﻬﻨﺪﺳﺔ اﻟﻤﺪﻧﻴﺔ و اﻟﺘﻰ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﺪوث ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮات أو ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻼت أﺛﻨﺎء اﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﻄﺎق ﻣﺤﺪود و ﻓﻰ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﻋﺪم اآﺘﻤﺎل‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎت ﻋﻠﻰ ﺧﻼف ﻋﻘﺪ اﻟﻤﻘﻄﻮﻋﻴﺔ.‬ ‫6002/90/42‬ ‫‪Emad Elbeltagi‬‬ ‫03‬ ‫51‬
  35. 35. ‫‪Contract Strategy‬‬ ‫‪Type of Contracts‬‬ ‫‪1. Unit Price‬‬ ‫‪3. Cost Plus‬‬ ‫‪2. Lump Sum‬‬ ‫‪4. Target Cost‬‬‫‪Unit price contract‬‬ ‫ﻣﻤﻴﺰاﺗﻪ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺎﻟﻚ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺑﺘﻔﺎﺻﻴﻞ اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع إﻟﻰ ﺣﺪ آﺒﻴﺮ وﻳﻌﺮف ﻣﺒﺪﺋﻴﺎ اﻟﺘﺰاﻣﺎﺗﻪ اﻟﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﺋﻊ و ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪم ﻓﻰ أآﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ 08% ﻣﻦ ﻣﺸﺮوﻋﺎت اﻟﺘﺸﻴﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺪة اﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﻏﺎﻟﺒﺎ ﻣﺤﺪدة )إذا ﻟﻢ ﻳﻄﻠﺐ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻼت أو ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮات(‬ ‫ﻋﻴﻮﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻮن اﻟﺘﺮآﻴﺰ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻏﺎﻟﺒﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺴﻌﺮ اﻟﺬى ﻳﺘﻘﺪم ﺑﻪ اﻟﻤﻘﺎول‬ ‫ﻳﺴﻤﺢ ﺑﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮاﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺑﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻣﺤﺪودة‬ ‫ﻋﺪم اﻟﺤﺼﺮ اﻟﺪﻗﻴﻖ ﻟﻸﻋﻤﺎل ﻗﺪ ﻳﻤﺜﻞ ﺧﻄﻮرة ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻤﺎﻟﻚ أو اﻟﻤﻘﺎول )ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻞ اﻷ ﺳﻌﺎر(‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻜﻠﻔﺔ اﻟﻨﻬﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺮوع ﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﺤﺪدة وﻻ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺘﻬﺎ إﻻ ﺑﻌﺪ اﻧﺘﻬﺎء اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع‬ ‫آﺜﺮة اﻟﻨﺰاﻋﺎت ﻋﻨﺪ اﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺑﻨﻮد ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﺑﺎﻟﻤﻘﺎﻳﺴﺔ‬ ‫6002/90/42‬ ‫‪Emad Elbeltagi‬‬ ‫13‬ ‫‪Contract Strategy‬‬ ‫‪Loading of Rates‬‬ ‫)ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻞ اﻷ ﺳﻌﺎر(‬ ‫ﺗﺜﻤﻴﻦ ﻣﺘﺰن ‪Balanced Bid‬‬ ‫ﺗﺜﻤﻴﻦ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﺘﺰن ‪Unbalanced Bid‬‬ ‫6002/90/42‬ ‫‪Emad Elbeltagi‬‬ ‫23‬ ‫61‬
  36. 36. ‫‪Contract Strategy‬‬ ‫‪Loading of Rates‬‬ ‫)ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻞ اﻷ ﺳﻌﺎر(‬ ‫زﻳﺎدة اﻟﺘﺪﻓﻘﺎت اﻟﻨﻘﺪﻳﺔ ﻓﻰ ﺑﺪاﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع وذﻟﻚ ﻟﺘﺤﺴﻴﻦ ﻣﻮﻗﻔﻪ اﻟﻤﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫اآﺘﺸﺎﻓﻪ وﺟﻮد ﺧﻄﺄ ﻓﻰ ﺣﺼﺮ آﻤﻴﺎت اﻷﻋﻤﺎل‬ ‫- اﻟﺘﺜﻤﻴﻦ ﻏﻴﺮ اﻟﻤﺘﺰن ﻗﺪ ﻳﻤﺜﻞ ﺧﻄﻮرة ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻤﺎﻟﻚ أو اﻟﻤﻘﺎول‬ ‫ﺗﺜﻤﻴﻦ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﺘﺰن ‪Unbalanced Bid‬‬ ‫6002/90/42‬ ‫‪Emad Elbeltagi‬‬ ‫33‬ ‫‪Contract Strategy‬‬ ‫‪Type of Contracts‬‬ ‫‪1. Unit Price‬‬ ‫‪3. Cost Plus‬‬ ‫‪2. Lump Sum‬‬ ‫‪4. Target Cost‬‬‫)ﻋﻘﺪ اﻟﻤﻘﻄﻮﻋﻴﺔ( ‪Lump Sum‬‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻢ اﻻﺗﻔﺎق ﺑﻴﻦ اﻟﻤﺎﻟﻚ واﻟﻤﻘﺎول ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬ اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع )أو ﺟﺰء ﻣﻨﻪ( ﺑﺴﻌﺮ إﺟﻤﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻮﻟﻰ اﻟﻤﻘﺎول )ﻓﻰ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ اﻷﺣﻮال( ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺔ اﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ و اﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬ‬ ‫ﻳﺤﺼﻞ اﻟﻤﻘﺎول ﻋﻠﻰ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﻪ اﻟﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻓﻰ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع أو ﻋﻠﻰ دﻓﻌﺎت‬ ‫ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪم ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺮوﻋﺎت اﻟﻤﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﺟﻴﺪا واﻟﺘﻰ ﺗﻘﻞ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ اﻟﻤﺨﺎﻃﺮ )‪(Low risk projects‬‬‫ﻳﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻣﺸﺮوﻋﺎت اﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ واﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬ )‪ (Design-build‬وﺗﺴﻠﻴﻢ اﻟﻤﻔﺘﺎح )‪(Turnkey‬‬ ‫6002/90/42‬ ‫‪Emad Elbeltagi‬‬ ‫43‬ ‫71‬
  37. 37. ‫‪Contract Strategy‬‬ ‫‪Type of Contracts‬‬ ‫‪1. Unit Price‬‬ ‫‪3. Cost Plus‬‬ ‫‪2. Lump Sum‬‬ ‫‪4. Target Cost‬‬‫)ﻋﻘﺪ اﻟﻤﻘﻄﻮﻋﻴﺔ( ‪Lump Sum‬‬ ‫ﻣﻤﻴﺰاﺗﻪ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺎﻟﻚ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﻠﺰم ﺑﺄﻳﺔ ﺗﻔﺎﺻﻴﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺎﻟﻚ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻣﺴﺒﻖ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺰاﻣﺎﺗﻪ اﻟﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﺴﺘﻔﺎد ﻣﻦ ﺧﺒﺮة اﻟﻤﻘﺎول ﻓﻰ اﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻋﻴﻮﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻻ ﻳﺴﻤﺢ ﺑﺈدﺧﺎل أﻳﺔ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮات ﻓﻰ اﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺷﺮوط اﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ ﻣﻬﻤﺔ ﻟﻠﻐﺎﻳﺔ و أى ﺧﻠﻞ أو ﻟﺒﺲ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻳﺆدى إﻟﻰ ﻣﻨﺎزﻋﺎت‬ ‫ﻳﺘﺤﻤﻞ اﻟﻤﻘﺎول آﻞ اﻟﻤﺨﺎﻃﺮ اﻟﺘﻰ ﻗﺪ ﻳﺘﻌﺮض ﻟﻬﺎ اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع‬ ‫6002/90/42‬ ‫‪Emad Elbeltagi‬‬ ‫53‬ ‫‪Contract Strategy‬‬ ‫‪Type of Contracts‬‬ ‫‪1. Unit Price‬‬ ‫‪3. Cost Plus‬‬ ‫‪2. Lump Sum‬‬ ‫‪4. Target Cost‬‬‫)ﻋﻘﺪاﻟﺘﻜﻠﻔﺔ ﻣﻊ اﺳﺘﺮداد ﻧﺴﺒﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﺼﺮوﻓﺎت أو اﻟﺘﻜﻠﻔﺔ واﻻﺿﺎﻓﺔ( ‪Cost-Plus‬‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻢ اﻻﺗﻔﺎق ﺑﻴﻦ اﻟﻤﺎﻟﻚ واﻟﻤﻘﺎول ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬ اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع )أو ﺟﺰء ﻣﻨﻪ( ﻋﻠﻰ أن ﻳﺴﺘﺮد‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻘﺎول آﻞ اﻟﻤﺼﺮوﻓﺎت اﻟﺘﻰ ﺗﺤﻤﻠﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ إﻟﻰ زﻳﺎدة ﻧﻈﻴﺮ اﻹدارة وهﺎﻣﺶ اﻟﺮﺑﺢ‬ ‫اﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﻗﺪ ﺗﻜﻮن ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ أو ﻧﺴﺒﺔ ﻣﺤﺪدة ﻣﻦ اﻟﺘﻜﻠﻔﺔ اﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ، أو ﻳﺘﻢ اﻟﺠﻤﻊ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻘﺎول ﻣﻠﺰم ﺑﻌﻤﻞ دﻓﺎﺗﺮ ﻹﺛﺒﺎت اﻟﻤﺼﺮوﻓﺎت اﻟﻔﻌﻠﻴﺔ ﻓﻰ اﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ واﻋﺘﻤﺎدهﺎ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﺎﻟﻚ‬ ‫هﺬا اﻟﻨﻮع ﻣﻦ أﺳﻮأ أﻧﻮاع اﻟﻌﻘﻮد ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺎﻟﻚ‬ ‫6002/90/42‬ ‫‪Emad Elbeltagi‬‬ ‫63‬ ‫81‬
  38. 38. ‫‪Contract Strategy‬‬ ‫‪Type of Contracts‬‬ ‫ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪم‬ ‫‪Cost-Plus‬‬ ‫ﻓﻰ اﻟﻤﺸﺮوﻋﺎت اﻟﻐﻴﺮ ﻣﺤﺪدة ﺗﻤﺎﻣﺎ وﻳﺮﻏﺐ اﻟﻤﺎﻟﻚ ﻓﻰ اﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬ اﻟﻤﺒﻜﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ رﻏﺒﺔ اﻟﻤﺎﻟﻚ اﻟﻤﺸﺎرآﺔ ﻓﻰ إدارة اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع وﻣﺮاﻗﺒﺔ اﻟﺘﻜﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻤﻴﺰاﺗﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦ اﻟﺒﺪء ﻓﻰ اﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﻗﺒﻞ اﻻﻧﺘﻬﺎء ﻣﻦ اﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎت، ﻻ ﻳﺘﻮﻗﻒ اﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮ اﻟﺘﻜﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎرآﺔ اﻟﻤﺎﻟﻚ ﻓﻰ إدارة اﻟﺸﺮوع‬ ‫ﻣﺮوﻧﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻷي ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮات أو ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻼت ﻓﻰ اﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎت‬ ‫ﻋﻴﻮﺑﻪ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻘﺎول ﻟﻴﺲ ﻟﺪﻳﻪ أى ﺣﺎﻓﺰ ﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﻞ اﻟﺘﻜﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺻﻌﻮﺑﺔ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺗﻜﻠﻔﺔ اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع إﻻ ﺑﻌﺪ اﻧﺘﻬﺎء اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع‬ ‫ﻋﺪم ﺗﺤﻤﻞ اﻟﻤﻘﺎول أﻳﺔ ﻣﺨﺎﻃﺮ‬ ‫6002/90/42‬ ‫‪Emad Elbeltagi‬‬ ‫73‬ ‫‪Contract Strategy‬‬ ‫‪Type of Contracts‬‬ ‫‪1. Unit Price‬‬ ‫‪3. Cost Plus‬‬ ‫‪2. Lump Sum‬‬ ‫‪4. Target Cost‬‬‫)ﻋﻘﺪاﻟﺘﻜﻠﻔﺔ اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻬﺪﻓﺔ( ‪Target Cost‬‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻔﻖ اﻟﻤﺎﻟﻚ واﻟﻤﻘﺎول ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬ اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع ﺑﺘﻜﻠﻔﺔ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮﻳﺔ ﺗﺴﻤﻰ اﻟﺘﻜﻠﻔﺔ اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻬﺪﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﺤﺪد اﻟﻤﻘﺎول واﻟﻤﺎﻟﻚ اﻟﺘﻜﻠﻔﺔ اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻬﺪﻓﺔ ﺑﻨﺎءا ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎت اﻟﻤﺘﻮﻓﺮة وﻗﺖ اﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻢ اﻟﺘﻌﺎﻗﺪ ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ‪ ،cost-plus‬وﺑﺸﺮط أﻻ ﺗﺰﻳﺪ اﻟﺘﻜﻠﻔﺔ ﻋﻦ اﻟﺘﻜﻠﻔﺔ اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻬﺪﻓﺔ‬ ‫إذا زادت اﻟﺘﻜﻠﻔﺔ اﻟﻨﻬﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻋﻦ اﻟﺘﻜﻠﻔﺔ اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻬﺪﻓﺔ ﻳﺴﺘﻘﻄﻊ ﺟﺰء ﻣﻦ رﺑﺢ اﻟﻤﻘﺎول وإذا ﻗﻠﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﺰﻳﺪ رﺑﺢ اﻟﻤﻘﺎول ﺑﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻣﺘﻔﻖ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫6002/90/42‬ ‫‪Emad Elbeltagi‬‬ ‫83‬ ‫91‬
  39. 39. ‫‪Contract Strategy‬‬ ‫‪Type of Contracts‬‬ ‫‪1. Unit Price‬‬ ‫‪3. Cost Plus‬‬ ‫‪2. Lump Sum‬‬ ‫‪4. Target Cost‬‬ ‫)ﻋﻘﺪاﻟﺘﻜﻠﻔﺔ اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻬﺪﻓﺔ( ‪Target Cost‬‬ ‫أﺛﻨﺎء اﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺑﺤﺚ وﻣﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ أﻳﺔ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮات أو ﻣﺨﺎﻃﺮ‬ ‫‪Fee‬‬ ‫وﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ اﻟﺘﻜﻠﻔﺔ اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻬﺪﻓﺔ ﻟﺘﺘﻼءم ﻣﻊ هﺬﻩ اﻟﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮات‬ ‫%5‬ ‫هﺬا اﻟﻌﻘﺪ ﻳﺸﺒﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﺎ ﻋﻘﺪ اﻟﺘﻜﻠﻔﺔ واﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ واﻟﻔﺮق‬‫‪Fee‬‬ ‫%3‬ ‫اﻟﺠﻮهﺮى هﻮ ﻣﺸﺎرآﺔ اﻟﻤﻘﺎول ﻓﻰ ﺗﺤﻤﻞ ﺟﺰء ﻣﻦ أﻳﺔ‬ ‫‪Target cost‬‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮوﻓﺎت ﺗﺰﻳﺪ ﻋﻦ اﻟﺘﻜﻠﻔﺔ اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻬﺪﻓﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺮوع ‪Cost‬‬ ‫‪Actual cost‬‬ ‫ﻟﻢ ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪم هﺬا اﻟﻨﻮع ﻓﻰ ﻣﺼﺮ ﺣﺘﻰ اﻵن‬ ‫6002/90/42‬ ‫‪Emad Elbeltagi‬‬ ‫93‬ ‫‪Contract Strategy‬‬ ‫‪Type of Contracts‬‬ ‫‪Target Cost‬‬ ‫ﻣﻤﻴﺰاﺗﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺲ ﻣﻤﻴﺰات ‪ cost-plus‬ﺑﺎﻻﺿﺎﻓﺔ اﻟﻰ:‬ ‫ﻟﺪى اﻟﻤﻘﺎول ﺣﺎﻓﺰ ﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﻞ اﻟﺘﻜﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻘﺎول ﻳﺘﺤﻤﻞ ﺟﺰء ﻣﻦ اﻟﺘﻜﻠﻔﺔ إذا زادت ﻋﻦ اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻬﺪف‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻦ اﻋﺘﺒﺎر زﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع ﺑﺎﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺣﺎﻓﺰ ﻟﻼﻧﻬﺎء اﻟﻤﺒﻜﺮوﻏﺮاﻣﺔ ﻟﻼﻧﻬﺎء اﻟﻤﺘﺄﺧﺮ‬ ‫ﻋﻴﻮﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻌﻮﺑﺔ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺗﻜﻠﻔﺔ اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع إﻻ ﺑﻌﺪ اﻧﺘﻬﺎء اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع‬ ‫ﻋﺪم ﺗﺤﻤﻞ اﻟﻤﻘﺎول أﻳﺔ ﻣﺨﺎﻃﺮ‬ ‫6002/90/42‬ ‫‪Emad Elbeltagi‬‬ ‫04‬ ‫02‬
  40. 40. Contract StrategyType of Contracts: Target CostExample: In on of the projects, the owner and thecontractor agreed to use the Target Cost contract under thefollowing conditions: Project target cost = LE 750,000 Contractor fee = LE 90,000 The contractor will pay 50% of any additional cost The contractor will get 50% of any savingWhat are the total project price and the contractor profit if: a. Actual cost = LE 750,000 b. Actual cost = LE 900,000 c. Actual cost = LE 650,000 24/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 41 Contract StrategyType of Contracts: Target Cost Target cost Actual cost Contractor income Total project price Case (LE) (LE) (LE) (LE) a 750,000 750,000 90,000 840,000 b 750,000 900,000 15,000 915,000 c 750,000 650,000 140,000 790,000 b. 90,000 + (750,000 – 900,000) * 0.5 = LE 15,000 Project price = 900,000 + 15,000 = LE 915,000 c. 90,000 + (750,000 – 650,000) * 0.5 = LE 140,000 Project price = 650,000 + 140,000 = LE 790,000 24/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 42 21
  41. 41. Contract Strategy Type of Contracts 1. Unit Price 3. Cost Plus 2. Lump Sum 4. Target CostRisk sharing between owner & contractor 0% Turnkey 100% Lump sum Unit price Cost plus 100% Owner direct force 0% Owner risk Contractor risk 24/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 43 22
  42. 42. Introduction IntroductionProject Characteristics Defined goal or objective stated by the owner and accomplished by the project team Specific tasks to be performed Defined beginning and end Resources being consumed. The 4 Ms (Manpower, Machinery, Materials, and Money,) As the project progresses, the project team learns more about the project Information Time 20/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 2 1
  43. 43. IntroductionProject Life Cycle The project life cycle may be viewed as a process through which a project is implemented from beginning to end From the owner’s Perspective 20/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 3 IntroductionProject Life Cycle (Project stages) Preconstruction Procurement Construction CloseoutAs the constructionprogresses, thecost increases whilethe influencedecreases 20/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 4 2
  44. 44. IntroductionProject Life Cycle (1. Pre-construction) 1. Conceptual planning 2. Schematic Design 3. Design Development 4.Contract Documents Conceptual planning Very important for the owner (e.g., big store chains) During this stage the owner hires key consultants including the designer and project manager, selects the project site, and establish a conceptual estimate, schedule, and program The owner must gather as much reliable information as possible about the project The most important decision is to proceed with the project or not 20/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 5 IntroductionProject Life Cycle (1. Pre-construction) 1. Conceptual planning 2. Schematic Design 3. Design Development 4.Contract Documents Schematic Design During this phase, the project team investigates alternate design solutions, materials and systems. Apply Value Engineering Completion of this stage represents about 30% of the design completion for the project 20/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 6 3
  45. 45. IntroductionProject Life Cycle (1. Pre-construction) 1. Conceptual planning 2. Schematic Design 3. Design Development 4.Contract Documents Design Development Designing the main systems and components of the project. Good communication between owner, designer, and construction manager is critical during this stage because selections during this design stage affect project appearance, construction and cost. This stage takes the project from 30% design to 60% design 20/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 7 IntroductionProject Life Cycle (1. Pre-construction) 1. Conceptual planning 2. Schematic Design 3. Design Development 4.Contract DocumentsContract Documents Final preparation of the documents necessary for the bid package such as the drawings, specifications, general conditions, and bill of quantities All documents need to be closely reviewed by the construction manager and appropriate owner personnel to decrease conflicts, and changes With the contract documents are almost complete; a detailed and complete cost estimate for the project can be done Designing the main systems and components of the project 20/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 8 4
  46. 46. IntroductionProject Life Cycle (2. Procurement)Also called Bidding and award phase The project formally transits from design into construction This stage begins with a public advertisement for all interested bidders or an invitation for specific bidders In fast-track projects, this phase overlaps with the design phase If the project is phased, each work package will be advertised and bid out individually It is very important stage to select highly qualified contractors. It is not wise to select the under-bid contractors 20/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 9 IntroductionProject Life Cycle (3. Construction) The actual physical construction of the project This stage takes the project from procurement through the final completion It is the time where the bulk of the owner’s funds will be spent It is the outcome of all previous stages (i.e., good preparation means smooth construction) The consultant will be deployed for contract administration and construction supervision Changes during construction may hinder the progress of the project 20/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 10 5
  47. 47. IntroductionProject Life Cycle (4. Closeout) Transition from design and construction to the actual use of the constructed facility In this stage, the management team must provide documentation, shop drawings, as-built drawings, and operation manuals to the owner organization (as-built drawings are the original contract drawings adjusted to reflect all the changes that occurred) Assessment of the project team’s performance is crucial in this stage for avoiding mistakes in the future. Actual activity costs and durations should be recorded and compared with that was planned. This will serve as the basis for the estimating and scheduling of future projects 20/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 11 IntroductionTypes of Construction Projects Most designers and contractors tend to focus their efforts within specialty areas Four Categories are identified: 1. Residential Housing 2. Building Construction 3. Industrial 4. Infrastructure This classification is based on: The way the projects are funded The technologies involved The way the owner, designer, and builder interact 20/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 12 6
  48. 48. Introduction Types of Construction Projects 1. Residential Housing 2. Building Construction 3. Industrial 4. InfrastructureResidential housing Include: homes, apartments, and low and high-rise buildings Funded by individual owners for their own use or by developers for profit They use fairly low technologies and requires little investment Large number of small designers, builders, and suppliers 1/3 of construction spending is on residential construction The builder or the owner can design 20/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 13 Introduction Types of Construction Projects 1. Residential Housing 2. Building Construction 3. Industrial 4. InfrastructureNon-residential Building Construction Office buildings, large apartment buildings, malls, theaters,….. It depends on the economy of a specific region Most of these projects are privately funded Designed by architect and engineer, and built by general contractor These buildings use technical support more than that in residential buildings 20/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 14 7
  49. 49. Introduction Types of Construction Projects 1. Residential Housing 2. Buildings Construction 3. Industrial 4. InfrastructureIndustrial Examples include: factories, petroleum refineries….. It is defined more by the production activities within the facility In capitalism countries, most of these facilities are privately funded Only few designers and builders are qualified to bid in these projects These projects are the most technical of all 20/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 15 Introduction Types of Construction Projects 1. Residential Housing 2. Buildings Construction 3. Industrial 4. InfrastructureInfrastructure and Heavy Construction Examples: roadways, bridges, water and sewer systems Designed by civil engineers and built by heavy construction contractors Publicly funded and affected by the government policy Long in duration Less sensitive to the ups and downs of the economy Heavy use of equipments Build Operate Transferee (BOT) 20/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 16 8
  50. 50. IntroductionProject Participants Different classifications and many participants are involved in a construction project Main Project Participants 1. The Owner 2. Design Professionals 3. Construction Professionals 4. Project Manager 20/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 17 IntroductionProject Participants 1. The Owner 2. Design Professionals 3. Construction Professionals 4. Project Manager The Owner or the Client Is the person or organization that will pay the bills Owner Organizations Public (e.g., government agencies) Private: individual, corporations, partnership 20/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 18 9
  51. 51. IntroductionProject Participants 1. The Owner 2. Design Professionals 3. Construction Professionals 4. Project Manager Responsibilities What the project will include (scope and objectives) When the project can begin and when must end (schedule) How much can spend (budget) Formation Large companies have divisions to set up these tasks Small business can hire project manager, consultants, etc….. 20/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 19 IntroductionProject Participants 1. The Owner 2. Design Professionals 3. Construction Professionals 4. Project Manager Design Professional Examples are: architects, engineers, consultants Depending on the owner size, they can be part of the owner’s organization or hired In some cases, the design professional & construction contractor together form a design-build company 20/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 20 10
  52. 52. IntroductionProject Participants 1. The Owner 2. Design Professionals 3. Construction Professionals 4. Project Manager Design Professional Responsibilities Assist the owner in developing the project scope, budget, and schedule Prepare construction documents for bidding and construction Architect Is an individual who plan and design buildings. Sometimes they define and provide the whole envelope of the whole project 20/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 21 IntroductionProject Participants 1. The Owner 2. Design Professionals 3. Construction Professionals 4. Project Manager Engineer An individual or a firm who perform specialized work associated with the design or construction They usually classified as civil, mechanical, electrical Engineering-Construction Firm An organization that combines both architect/engineering and construction Has the capability of performing of what called design-build 20/09/2006 Emad Elbeltagi 22 11

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