Gertjan Dewerk_Sustainable Design Theory Applied At The Campus

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Gertjan Dewerk_Sustainable Design Theory Applied At The Campus

  1. 1. course/learning collection THEMATIC CLUSTERS Subject Sustainable Campus learning resource Sustainable Design Theory applied at the campus contributors: Gertjan de Werk Delft University of Technology / Faculty of Technology, Management & Policy / The Netherlands LeNS, the Learning Network on Sustainability: Asian-European multi-polar network for curricula development on Design for Sustainability focused on product service system innovation. Funded by the Asia-Link Programme, EuroAid, European Commission.
  2. 2. About me… <ul><ul><li>Studied Architecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Construction and Real Estate Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable Development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Initiator and co-founder of Osiris (www.osiris.tudelft.nl) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Working at T&SD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coorinator TiDO-appendix and ‘boatweek’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(www.tudelft.nl/bootweek) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secretary platform sustainable development TU Delft </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Doing a Phd on sustainable energy in the built environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal project: getting everyone in line to sustainablize the campus </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Overview of presentation <ul><li>Introduction to sustainable development </li></ul><ul><li>4 steps towards system innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Actor analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Approach to sustainablize the campus </li></ul>
  4. 4. Brundtland <ul><li>The Brundtland report: </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. </li></ul><ul><li>More than just environment!!! </li></ul>
  5. 5. C SD = more than environment <ul><li>Tripple bottom line: </li></ul>Planet People Profit
  6. 6. Need fulfillment Product and/or service Input Output Sustainable designing
  7. 7. Material Product Use Waste Mining Production Distribution Discarding Mining Resource Closing loops
  8. 8. What we are facing…
  9. 9. Summer 1979 Summer 2003 Not just local effects…
  10. 10. SD = an enormous design challenge I = P * A * T I = Total Impact on the environment P = Population A = Affluence T = Technology-efficiency /effectiveness
  11. 11. T echnology??? P A Development concerning P, A and T
  12. 12. Pressure should decrease 6 – 40 times SD = a real challenge <ul><li>2050: Halve environmental impact </li></ul><ul><li>Quite hard: </li></ul>Population 1 1.5 - 2.5 Affluence 1 4 - 8 Technologyimpact pp 1 ??? Impact 1 1 – 0.5
  13. 13. Reaching the factor 20 in 4 steps
  14. 14. Type 4: system innovation Type 3: function innovation Type 2: redesign Type 1: product improvement 2 5 10 20 Eco - efficiency 2050 2040 2030 2020 2010
  15. 15. I - Product improvement II - Redesign III – Function Innovation IV – System innovation Type 4: system innovation Type 3: function innovation Type 2: redesign Type 1: product improvement 2 5 10 20 Eco - efficiency 2050 2040 2030 2020 2010
  16. 16. Unsustainable (problems) Sustainable (ToR) Backcasting: starting from scratch…
  17. 17. Greenhouses as an energy source
  18. 19. SD = involving stakeholders A product can be completely sustainable but if no one wants it, it’s still useless…
  19. 20. ‘ Design(er)’ Actor Actor Actor Actor Actor Actor Actor Actor Actor Actor analysis
  20. 21. Trends Design(er) Actor Needs Demands Desires Goals and motives Communication Actor analysis
  21. 22. Actor analysis Regulatory Societal Economical Company
  22. 23. Actor analysis Company Economical environment Regulating environment Societal environment
  23. 24. Personal water purifier, 800 liters clean water, equal to a year, €2 User research: Poor product for children <5 (Handling, sucking) Life straw… Sustainable?
  24. 25. Adapted for kids…
  25. 26. <ul><li>Rebound-effect: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy-saving lamps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smart </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Unintended ‘negative use’ of design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of internet to coordinate riots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of planes to destroy buildings (9/11) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of irrigation water to do the laundry </li></ul></ul><ul><li>+ License to operate and support for product(s) </li></ul>The use of actor analysis…
  26. 27. <ul><li>Would the customers of McDonalds like to eat unhealthy and become fat? </li></ul><ul><li>Or do they want to eat cheap and quickly with a nice playground for their children with enough parking space? </li></ul><ul><li> Why shouldn’t we make the food healthy and more sustainable </li></ul>Actors can keep you focused on needs…
  27. 28. <ul><li>Electricity and flood prevention (1mln victims in 100 years): </li></ul><ul><li>Largest dam in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Investment: $29 mln </li></ul><ul><li>Wall over 200 m high, 1.8 km long </li></ul><ul><li>Lake 370 miles long surface 632 km2 </li></ul><ul><li>18.000 MW from 26 generators </li></ul><ul><li>(18 powerplants) </li></ul><ul><li>1/9 of total electricity production </li></ul><ul><li>(now: 50 mln ton coal/year) </li></ul><ul><li>26.5 mln m3 concrete </li></ul><ul><li>250.000 full-time jobs </li></ul>Three gorges damn: Yangtze river
  28. 29. <ul><li>Migrating fish and rare plants extinct </li></ul><ul><li>Weaker flow of water: more pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Lake reservoir of (chemical waste): 1 bln tons of waste (residential and industrial) per year. </li></ul><ul><li>Over 100 cities will flood </li></ul><ul><li>1 mln ‘relocation’ + 300.000 farmers moved from their land </li></ul><ul><li>Dam sensitive for earthquakes or even causing them </li></ul><ul><li>Nice goal for terrorism (9/11) and war. </li></ul><ul><li>Culture is lost (1300 sites) and most fertile land. </li></ul><ul><li>No more ‘fertilizing’ floods. </li></ul>“ Most environmentally unfriendly and a-social project ever” Three gorges dam(n)
  29. 30. <ul><li>Platform for Sustainable Development TUD </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Campus </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Delft Research Initiatives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DRI-project offices (like the Energy Club) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>KISZZ – RCI Zuid-Holland </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Government, universities, companies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Municipality of Delft </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LT-sustainability policy plan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Senter Novem </li></ul><ul><li>Minor Sustainable Future Campus </li></ul>Sustainabilizing the TU Delft Campus
  30. 31. <ul><li>Directly sustainablizing the Campus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitoring buildings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Re)designing parts of the campus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improving material/waste flows </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reducing water/energy usage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Influencing mobility of students and employees </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Indirectly sustainablizing the Campus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Long term visions concerning the campus (Backcasting) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using the campus as playground and nichemarket </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Testing designs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Demonstrating designs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Showing/exhibiting designs </li></ul></ul></ul>Sustainabilizing the TU Delft Campus
  31. 32. Stakeholder analysis needs demands wishes means University Govrnment Companies Society
  32. 33. Black Box IN OUT Who influences? Who can be influenced?
  33. 34. Sustainablizing the TU Delft Campus Product Building Campus City Energy Water Mobility Materials
  34. 35. <ul><li>Nice ideas or designs from this project? </li></ul><ul><li>Anything you think of during or after this projects </li></ul><ul><li>Anything you see or dream of </li></ul><ul><li>It’s input for the DRI’s, minors, graduation projects etc… </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>Projects done, seen or intending to do…
  35. 36. Really want to contribute to sustainable transitions? www.tudelft.nl/bootweek

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