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Gertjan Dewerk_Sustainable Design Theory Applied At The Campus

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Gertjan Dewerk_Sustainable Design Theory Applied At The Campus Gertjan Dewerk_Sustainable Design Theory Applied At The Campus Presentation Transcript

  • course/learning collection THEMATIC CLUSTERS Subject Sustainable Campus learning resource Sustainable Design Theory applied at the campus contributors: Gertjan de Werk Delft University of Technology / Faculty of Technology, Management & Policy / The Netherlands LeNS, the Learning Network on Sustainability: Asian-European multi-polar network for curricula development on Design for Sustainability focused on product service system innovation. Funded by the Asia-Link Programme, EuroAid, European Commission.
  • About me…
      • Studied Architecture
      • Construction and Real Estate Management
      • Sustainable Development
      • Initiator and co-founder of Osiris (www.osiris.tudelft.nl)
      • Working at T&SD
      • Coorinator TiDO-appendix and ‘boatweek’
      • (www.tudelft.nl/bootweek)
      • Secretary platform sustainable development TU Delft
      • Doing a Phd on sustainable energy in the built environment
      • Personal project: getting everyone in line to sustainablize the campus
  • Overview of presentation
    • Introduction to sustainable development
    • 4 steps towards system innovation
    • Actor analysis
    • Approach to sustainablize the campus
  • Brundtland
    • The Brundtland report:
    • Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
    • More than just environment!!!
  • C SD = more than environment
    • Tripple bottom line:
    Planet People Profit
  • Need fulfillment Product and/or service Input Output Sustainable designing
  • Material Product Use Waste Mining Production Distribution Discarding Mining Resource Closing loops
  • What we are facing…
  • Summer 1979 Summer 2003 Not just local effects…
  • SD = an enormous design challenge I = P * A * T I = Total Impact on the environment P = Population A = Affluence T = Technology-efficiency /effectiveness
  • T echnology??? P A Development concerning P, A and T
  • Pressure should decrease 6 – 40 times SD = a real challenge
    • 2050: Halve environmental impact
    • Quite hard:
    Population 1 1.5 - 2.5 Affluence 1 4 - 8 Technologyimpact pp 1 ??? Impact 1 1 – 0.5
  • Reaching the factor 20 in 4 steps
  • Type 4: system innovation Type 3: function innovation Type 2: redesign Type 1: product improvement 2 5 10 20 Eco - efficiency 2050 2040 2030 2020 2010
  • I - Product improvement II - Redesign III – Function Innovation IV – System innovation Type 4: system innovation Type 3: function innovation Type 2: redesign Type 1: product improvement 2 5 10 20 Eco - efficiency 2050 2040 2030 2020 2010
  • Unsustainable (problems) Sustainable (ToR) Backcasting: starting from scratch…
  • Greenhouses as an energy source
  •  
  • SD = involving stakeholders A product can be completely sustainable but if no one wants it, it’s still useless…
  • ‘ Design(er)’ Actor Actor Actor Actor Actor Actor Actor Actor Actor Actor analysis
  • Trends Design(er) Actor Needs Demands Desires Goals and motives Communication Actor analysis
  • Actor analysis Regulatory Societal Economical Company
  • Actor analysis Company Economical environment Regulating environment Societal environment
  • Personal water purifier, 800 liters clean water, equal to a year, €2 User research: Poor product for children <5 (Handling, sucking) Life straw… Sustainable?
  • Adapted for kids…
    • Rebound-effect:
      • Energy-saving lamps
      • Smart
    • Unintended ‘negative use’ of design
      • Use of internet to coordinate riots
      • Use of planes to destroy buildings (9/11)
      • Use of irrigation water to do the laundry
    • + License to operate and support for product(s)
    The use of actor analysis…
    • Would the customers of McDonalds like to eat unhealthy and become fat?
    • Or do they want to eat cheap and quickly with a nice playground for their children with enough parking space?
    •  Why shouldn’t we make the food healthy and more sustainable
    Actors can keep you focused on needs…
    • Electricity and flood prevention (1mln victims in 100 years):
    • Largest dam in the world
    • Investment: $29 mln
    • Wall over 200 m high, 1.8 km long
    • Lake 370 miles long surface 632 km2
    • 18.000 MW from 26 generators
    • (18 powerplants)
    • 1/9 of total electricity production
    • (now: 50 mln ton coal/year)
    • 26.5 mln m3 concrete
    • 250.000 full-time jobs
    Three gorges damn: Yangtze river
    • Migrating fish and rare plants extinct
    • Weaker flow of water: more pollution
    • Lake reservoir of (chemical waste): 1 bln tons of waste (residential and industrial) per year.
    • Over 100 cities will flood
    • 1 mln ‘relocation’ + 300.000 farmers moved from their land
    • Dam sensitive for earthquakes or even causing them
    • Nice goal for terrorism (9/11) and war.
    • Culture is lost (1300 sites) and most fertile land.
    • No more ‘fertilizing’ floods.
    “ Most environmentally unfriendly and a-social project ever” Three gorges dam(n)
    • Platform for Sustainable Development TUD
      • Education
      • Research
      • Campus
    • Delft Research Initiatives
      • DRI-project offices (like the Energy Club)
    • KISZZ – RCI Zuid-Holland
      • Government, universities, companies
    • Municipality of Delft
      • LT-sustainability policy plan
    • Senter Novem
    • Minor Sustainable Future Campus
    Sustainabilizing the TU Delft Campus
    • Directly sustainablizing the Campus
      • Monitoring buildings
      • (Re)designing parts of the campus
      • Improving material/waste flows
      • Reducing water/energy usage
      • Influencing mobility of students and employees
    • Indirectly sustainablizing the Campus
      • Long term visions concerning the campus (Backcasting)
      • Using the campus as playground and nichemarket
        • Testing designs
        • Demonstrating designs
        • Showing/exhibiting designs
    Sustainabilizing the TU Delft Campus
  • Stakeholder analysis needs demands wishes means University Govrnment Companies Society
  • Black Box IN OUT Who influences? Who can be influenced?
  • Sustainablizing the TU Delft Campus Product Building Campus City Energy Water Mobility Materials
    • Nice ideas or designs from this project?
    • Anything you think of during or after this projects
    • Anything you see or dream of
    • It’s input for the DRI’s, minors, graduation projects etc…
    • [email_address]
    Projects done, seen or intending to do…
  • Really want to contribute to sustainable transitions? www.tudelft.nl/bootweek