Large proportion of urban population in Asian or low income cities remains outside the formal planning process. Survival compulsions force them to evolve as a self organised systems. These systems rest on the innovative skills of people struggling to survive in an hostile environment and meet their mobility and accessibility needs. The actors in this complex street environment can not be wished away. They are here to stay.
Geetam Tiwari_Understanding Sustainable Mobility
course/learning collection THEMATIC CLUSTERS subject Mobility learning resource Understanding Sustainable Mobility contributors: Prof. Geetam Tiwari Indian Institute of Technology Delhi / Civil Engineering Department / India LeNS, the Learning Network on Sustainability: Asian-European multi-polar network for curricula development on Design for Sustainability focused on product service system innovation. Funded by the Asia-Link Programme, EuroAid, European Commission.
Sustainable mobility <ul><li>Organising mobility such that the consumption of energy , environment and land does not endanger the opportunities of future generations to reach at least the same welfare level as those living now. </li></ul><ul><li>Access to goods and services for all inhabitants of the urban area </li></ul><ul><li>Scarce resources </li></ul><ul><li>Access(safe) to all </li></ul>
Road Traffic Congestion Life span Obesity Sleep BP School Performance Road Transport – Problem Diagnosis + Road Traffic Injuries + Atmospheric Pollution + Noise + Vibration
Efficient use of road space Source: H. Knoflacher
Mobility does not change – only the modes Source: H. Knoflacher Trips per person per day remain constant The Urban modes Pedestrian -, Cycle- PT-trips Motorisation Trips per Person per day Trips by car the nonurban mode Reality But why this change?
Higher speed – longer distances Source: H. Knoflacher 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Average house to house speed Average Travel Distance Pedestrian Cyclist Citybus Regionalbus Car driver Nachbarschaftsbeziehungen
IIT Delhi 2006 car bicycle BRT metro walk 3 km trip
Pedestrians have highest risk in the safest city! trip types and fatality rates in central Copenhagen
Safety Requirement 1:Safe speed limits Improved safety for pedestrians, NMT, Motorised two wheelers, Public Transport commuters and cars 50 km/h arterial 30 km/h collector 20-10 km/h residential , commercial, school zones
Sustainable Safe Traffic System <ul><li>a road environment with an infrastructure adapted to the limitations of the road user; </li></ul><ul><li>vehicles equipped with technology to simplify the driving task and provided with features that protect vulnerable and other road users; </li></ul><ul><li>road users that are well informed and adequately educated. </li></ul>
Eisenstadt Before 10 000 cars, 6000 pedestrians per day Source: H. Knoflacher
Eisenstadt after: 30 000 pedestrians per day plus .....
The transport infrastructure designs in the spirit the sustainable(21 st century) Urban Transport Policy: “ equitable space allocation for all road users with a focus on people rather than vehicles.”