Lorena Pocatilu -  strategies for smart city knowledge platform and open data
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Lorena Pocatilu - strategies for smart city knowledge platform and open data

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Action COST TU1204 - WG2 meeting, Madrid, 2013-12-16

Action COST TU1204 - WG2 meeting, Madrid, 2013-12-16

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    Lorena Pocatilu -  strategies for smart city knowledge platform and open data Lorena Pocatilu - strategies for smart city knowledge platform and open data Presentation Transcript

    • Strategies for smart city knowledge platform and open data Lorena (BĂTĂGAN) POCATILU, PhD. Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania lorena.batagan@ie.ase.ro
    • Knowledge platform   Knowledge platform in data rich world is an important step for development. Knowledge platform offers :      access to a new information; open data; connecting the users; internal and external collaboration; innovation .
    • Friendly cities and knowledge platform     The majority of us live in cities now, and the global percentage is growing fast. In fact, it is estimated that one million people move into the world’s cities each week. In this case we’ll need to find new ways to manage information and knowledge like knowledge platform, to increase efficiency, to reduce expenses and to improve quality of life. It is evident that our cities need to be smarter or friendly cities.
    • Friendly cities and knowledge platform Collaboration Transparency Participation of users Innovation Knowledge platform
    • Friendly cities and knowledge platform     Information is a most important resource. It is a so-called "public good": consumption of information by one individual does not reduce the availability of the information for others. This is why the benefit of information can extend far beyond its initial purpose. In this case the knowledge platform must to integrate open data. In the last years the trend is to use open data for mange data of the core system of cities.
    • Implementation of open data   Implementing an open data strategy is not a simple task. In addition to investing in the technology and operations of open data sites, there are often barriers [3] to successful implementation, such as:    cultures opposed to openness; data quality problems; and difficulties in developing appropriate models for charging for open data .
    • Open data instruments  The instruments applied by countries to implement open data policy can divided into four types: a) b) c) d) education and training (Knowledge platforms, conference, sessions, workshops), voluntary approaches (Overall strategies and programmers, General recommendations, Public voluntary schemes), economic instruments (Competitions,Financing of open data portals), legislation and control (Public sector information law, Technical standards, Monitoring).
    •     Effects of open data and knowledge portal Smart cities Open data is the idea that certain data should be freely available to everyone or friendly to use and republish as they wish, without restrictions from copyright, patents or other mechanisms of control. Open data offers the new possibilities to analyze and visualize data from different sources. Intelligent processing of data is essential for addressing societal challenges. Data can for example be used to enhance the sustainability of national health care systems – essential in a smart city.
    • Effects of open data    Data management is also essential for environmental challenges. Examples are the processing of energy consumption patterns to improve energy efficiency or of pollution data in traffic management. Informed policy decisions in the areas of transport, land use and climate change depend increasingly on analysis of the available data.
    • Effects of open data   Scientific activities are increasingly undertaken through global collaboration on the internet, using very large data collections, huge computing resources and highperformance visualization. Open data solutions are essential for meeting the challenges of the 21st century in scientific discovery and learning.
    • Effects of open data   Public data are produced at all levels of government. The conditions under which the data are made available for commercial or non-commercial re-use have an effect on competition and competitiveness [7].
    • Support for open data solutions     The European Commission has supported open data through its funding programmes: Linked Open Data (http://lod2.eu/); OpenAIRE (http://www.openaire.eu/); ISA Action on semantic interoperability (http://www.semic.eu/).
    • Initiative for open data   Open Government Data Initiative (OGDI) [8] from Microsoft is a cloud-based collection of open government software assets that enables publicly available government data to be easily accessible. Using open standards and application programming interfaces (API), developers and government agencies can retrieve the data programmatically for use in new and innovative online applications.
    • Initiative for open data  That solution can [8]:  Encourage citizens and communities to participate with governments;  Enhance collaboration between government agencies and private organizations;  Increase government transparency;  Provide unique insight into data trends and analysis.
    • Initiative for open data   OGDI promotes the use of this data by capturing and publishing re-usable software assets, patterns, and practices. The data repository already holds over 60 different government datasets that are readily available for use in new applications, and is continuously updated with additional government datasets.
    • Initiative for open data   OGDI data is hosted in Windows Azure. It is accessible through open, standards-based web services from a variety of development environments, including Microsoft .NET, JavaScript, Adobe Flash, PHP, Ruby, Python, and others.
    • Initiative for open data    IBM initiative is based on Real Web 2.0 Linking Open Data (LOD) [2] , a community initiative for moving the Web from the idea of separated documents to a wide information space of data. The key principles of LOD are that it is simple, readily adaptable by Web developers, and complements many other popular Web trends. Learn how to make your data more widely used by making its components easier to discover, more valuable, and easier for people to reuse—in ways you might not anticipate [2].
    • Initiative for open data  The IBM team in Helsinki was asked to help the City develop strategies for [3]:   creating visualizations that can enable citizens make use of and benefit from open data, and define the components necessary to grow a sustainable, repeatable platform, process and ecosystem to leverage the principles of open data, turning data into information, information into action, and action into change [3].
    • Initiative for open data Data Information Action Change
    • Initiative for open data  Key recommendations of IBM team [3] included:      expanding support for the open data community, managing and measuring the balance between engagement models; designing feedback mechanisms to support the evolution of the open data ecosystem; creating a social visualization web site, platform and API; continuing to evolve the role of Helsinki Region Infoshare; and seeking opportunities to use open data to drive internal change.
    • Conclusions  ‘’Cities generate a lot of useful data” [4] says Tuomo Haukkovaara, General Manager of IBM Finland , and all the city must work actively to make such data open.
    • Conclusions  Moreover, the European Council stated in the Visby Declaration (Presidency of the European Council, 2009) that European Union (EU) member states should seek to make data freely accessible in open machine readable formats and stimulate the reuse of public sector information using open data.
    • Conclusions  Accordingly, the European Commission and the EU member states committed themselves in the European eGovernment Action Plan 2011-2015 to “maximising the value of re-use of public sector information (PSI), by making raw data and documents available for re-use in a wide variety of formats (including machine-readable ones) and languages and by setting up PSI portals” (European Commission, 2010).
    • Conclusions  Harry van Dorenmalen, Chairman of IBM Europe, elaborates a report on how smart cities harness the power of open data and mass collaboration to engage citizens and solve city issues. By making the data openly available – as so-called “open data” – new business applications will evolve, providing services that are derived from this public sector information [1].
    • Conclusions   All data that can be shared with the public should be opened for public dissemination. Data should be published in compliance with applicable laws and regulations, and only after addressing issues of security and privacy.
    • References            [1]You are hereHome Harry van Dorenmalen on Open Data for Smart Cities / PICNIC Festival 2011 http://www.engagetv.com/webcast_Harry-van-Dorenmalen-Open-Data-Smart-Cities-PICNIC-Festival2011 [2] Real Web 2.0: Linking open dataDiscover the community that sees Web 2.0 as a way to revolutionize information on the Web http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/web/library/wa-realweb5/ [3]Smarter Cities Challenge Helsinki Finlanda http://smartercitieschallenge.org/city_helsinki_finland.html [4] Recommendations of the IBM Smarter Cities Challenge Programme completed http://www.hel.fi/hki/Taske/en/news/report_of_exploitation_of_open_data_in_the_city_of_helsinki_is_pub lished [5] Open Data is Civic Capital:Best Practices for “Open Government Data” http://razor.occams.info/pubdocs/opendataciviccapital.html [6] Noor Huijboom, Tijs Van den Broek, Open data: an international comparison of strategies, European Journal of ePractice, Nº 12 · March/April 2011 · ISSN: 1988-625X, www.epracticejournal.eu [7] EUROPEAN COMMISSION Open data An engine for innovation, growth and transparent governance, http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/policy/psi/docs/pdfs/directive_proposal/2012/open_data.pdf [8] What is the Open Government Data Initiative? http://www.microsoft.com/industry/government/opengovdata/default.aspx
    •  Thank you!