1400 lap kichan_videotriggers_1

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  • but I did not tell our concern
  • so the total amount of time spent in problem identification and description is actually less in video the opposite of what one might expect transcripts units in problem exploration is higher in the video the problems presented in a video-triggered case are less well defined, students may need to spend a larger part of their discussion on the first two stages of critical thinking in PBL (problem identification and description), and less on the later stages. The results of this study do not support this hypothesis. but the more general conclusion is that many innovations are exciting seeing new PBL species is exciting but the fact that a new species exist, like the video trigger PBL just shown to you, does not necessarily mean that it is a good PBL method these new PBL species, new innovations, come into existence before being tested and shown to be viable and useful but evidence / studies are needed, to show which ones are good

Transcript

  • 1. Lap Ki Chan 1 , Jingyan Lu 2 , Mary Ip 1 , Amber Yip 1 1 Institute of Medical and Health Sciences Education, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, 2 Faculty of Education, The University of Hong Kong A comparison of the problem-based learning process in a video-triggered and a paper-triggered case
  • 2.
      • -more realistic
      • -avoid depersonalization
      • -easy to use
    Video case
  • 3.
      • -Will junior medical students focus on history taking and physical examination in the video?
      • -Will they be distracted from the problem-solving?
    Possible problems
  • 4.
      • -eleven second year medical students
      • -one facilitator
      • -2x2 hr: one paper case (knee degeneration)
      • -2x2 hr: one video case (lumbar spine degeneration)
      • -sessions recorded
      • -transcribed
    Methods
  • 5.
      • -coding: 5 stages of critical thinking (Kamin et al. 2001, 2003)
    Will junior medical students focus on these 2 stages? Methods
  • 6. Problem Identification Results (Chan et al., in press)
  • 7. Problem Description Results (Chan et al., in press)
  • 8. Problem Description Problem Identification 25.47% 21.59% Results (Chan et al., in press)
  • 9. 55.38 66.40% Results (Chan et al., in press)
  • 10.
      • -students are not distracted into spending more time in problem identification and description in video-triggered PBL case
    Conclusion
  • 11.
      • Chan LK, Lu J, Ip MSM, Yip ALM. (in press). Effects of video triggers on the PBL process. In Bridges S, McGrath C, Whitehill T (editors): Researching problem-based learning in clinical education: The next generation. Springer. p. 163-175.
  • 12. Paper-based or Video-based Triggers for Medical PBL: Perspectives from Medical Education and Learning Sciences Jingyan Lu, Lap Ki Chan May 24 th , University's SRT Forum Sciences of Learning
  • 13. Implication of the study
    • Taking scientific perspectives of learning understanding the synergy of teaching, learning and technology
    SRT, Sciences of Learning, HKU, 2011
  • 14. How do we measure learning
    • PBL perspectives (Holistic perspective)
      • 5 stages of Critical thinking in PBL
    • Argumentation (students pursuing for knowledge)
      • Questioning
      • Show different opinions
      • Proving theories with evidence and explanations
    • Scaffolding
      • Roles of the facilitator
      • Roles of technology
    SRT, Sciences of Learning, HKU, 2011
  • 15. Tutorial discourse SRT, Sciences of Learning, HKU, 2011
  • 16. Questions asked
    • By tutor
    • By students
    SRT, Sciences of Learning, HKU, 2011
  • 17. Argumentation process
    • Justification
    • Claim
    SRT, Sciences of Learning, HKU, 2011
  • 18. How can we promote better learning and teaching
    • How to facilitate critical thinking during PBL
    • How to develop argumentative reasoning?
    • What to scaffold
      • Content knowledge
      • Reasoning
      • Communication?
    • How to scaffold
    SRT, Sciences of Learning, HKU, 2011
  • 19. Thank you! lapki@hkucc.hku.hk, jingyan@hku.hk