Using research findings to inform policy and practice: the approach taken in the Adoption Research Initiative ( ARi) Chair...
Introduction: <ul><li>The workshop will introduce, and raise issues to debate, about the: </li></ul><ul><li>background to ...
Introduction: <ul><li>The  ARi  was originally planned within the Department of Health when responsibility for children’s ...
Introduction: the broad policy context for the ARi <ul><li>Two Departmental Strategic Objectives are particularly relevant...
Background to the ARi  <ul><li>Research initiatives are groups of related substantive studies, which together address one ...
Background to the  ARi <ul><li>The initiative approach assumes that: </li></ul><ul><li>the cumulative evidence from a numb...
Background to the  ARi <ul><li>The  ARi  aims to contribute to the evaluation of the government’s adoption project, includ...
Background to the ARI <ul><li>Timetable for the  ARI </li></ul>8 Year Stage of the research process 2001 Identification of...
ESRC’s Strategic Plan 2009 – 2014:  Delivering Impact through Social Science,  page 23,  Section on  Maximising Impact : <...
Engagement with potential users for the  ARi 10 Stage of the research process Engagement with potential users of the resea...
Engagement with potential users for the ARi 11 Stage of the research process Engagement with potential users of the resear...
<ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>These various groups have involved researchers, central government policy advisers and represe...
Role of the Professional Adviser <ul><li>To ensure that the findings of the initiative projects are disseminated into prac...
Evidence-based practice <ul><li>Should underpin all decision making in social care </li></ul><ul><li>Aims to enhance, not ...
Process of evidence-based practice <ul><li>Formulate question </li></ul><ul><li>Source research evidence to answer questio...
Putting Research Evidence to Work <ul><li>A study of ‘barriers’ and ‘facilitators’ to research use </li></ul><ul><li>Commi...
Barriers for individuals <ul><li>Lack of time </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of access </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of confidence </li><...
Barriers within research <ul><li>Findings out of touch with reality of practice </li></ul><ul><li>Complex presentation </l...
Organisational barriers <ul><li>Lack of research culture </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of encouragement to use research </li></ul...
Facilitators for individuals <ul><li>Personal interest </li></ul><ul><li>Informal sharing in the workplace </li></ul><ul><...
Facilitators in the nature of research <ul><li>Accessibility/user friendliness </li></ul><ul><li>Practical relevance </li>...
Facilitators within organisations <ul><li>Improved access to research materials </li></ul><ul><li>Dedicated time to readin...
AR i  Dissemination Strategy <ul><li>Website – briefing papers, training materials, film, podcasts, links etc </li></ul><u...
Issue for discussion <ul><li>What barriers and facilitators have you personally experienced to absorbing and using researc...
Using research during the initiative <ul><li>Two issues arose for the Adoption Policy Team: </li></ul><ul><li>The Commissi...
Using research during the initiative <ul><li>What we did: </li></ul><ul><li>Used ARI research paper  Adoption and the Inte...
Using research during the initiative <ul><li>Key messages for adoption agencies: </li></ul><ul><li>Overhead costs of adopt...
Using research during the initiative <ul><li>The research is being used to inform discussions about major commissioning is...
Issues for discussion <ul><li>Should you have received the messages from the research on Adoption and the Interagency Fee?...
To conclude <ul><li>We’re planning to attempt to evaluate the impact of the overall dissemination and implementation of th...
Contact details: <ul><li>www.adoptionresearchinitiative.org.uk </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>[email_...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Using research findings to inform policy and practice: the approach taken in the Adoption Research Initiative (ARi)

2,877 views

Published on

Presentation by Isabella Craig, DCSF; Caroline Thomas, University of Stirling and Academic Co-ordinator for the ARi; Mary Beek, Adoption Team Manager, Norfolk Children's Services & Professional Advisor to the ARi and Mary Lucking, Head of Adoption, Children in Care Division, DCSF.

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,877
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
5
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
11
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Using research findings to inform policy and practice: the approach taken in the Adoption Research Initiative (ARi)

  1. 1. Using research findings to inform policy and practice: the approach taken in the Adoption Research Initiative ( ARi) Chair: Isabella Craig, Children and Families Analysis and Research, DCSF Caroline Thomas, University of Stirling and Academic Co-ordinator for the ARi Mary Beek, Adoption Team Manager, Norfolk Children’s Services & Professional Adviser to the ARi Mary Lucking, Head of Adoption, Children in Care Division, DCSF Presentation at DCSF Conference: The Use of Evidence in Policy Development and Delivery, 9 February 2010 1
  2. 2. Introduction: <ul><li>The workshop will introduce, and raise issues to debate, about the: </li></ul><ul><li>background to the ARi </li></ul><ul><li>barriers and facilitators to research use </li></ul><ul><li>mechanisms the ARi will be using to promote the use of the adoption studies </li></ul><ul><li>use of research findings during the initiative </li></ul>2
  3. 3. Introduction: <ul><li>The ARi was originally planned within the Department of Health when responsibility for children’s social care, including adoption policy, rested with the DH. </li></ul><ul><li>Responsibility for children’s social care, and therefore the ARi, shifted to the Department for Education and Skills in 2003, and then to the Department for Children, Schools and Families in 2007, with machinery of government changes. </li></ul><ul><li>DCSF continues to work with other government departments on adoption policy – e.g., DH for CAMHS services, Ministry of Justice on the Family Justice System. </li></ul>3
  4. 4. Introduction: the broad policy context for the ARi <ul><li>Two Departmental Strategic Objectives are particularly relevant: </li></ul><ul><li>DS01 – To secure the wellbeing and health of children and young people. </li></ul><ul><li>DS02 – To safeguard the young and vulnerable. </li></ul><ul><li>The Children’s Plan noted that the government wanted more children to achieve stability of placement more quickly. </li></ul><ul><li>Two National Indicators relating to looked after children are particularly relevant: </li></ul><ul><li>No. 61 concerning the timeliness of adoptive placements. </li></ul><ul><li>No. 63 concerning the stability of placements. </li></ul>4
  5. 5. Background to the ARi <ul><li>Research initiatives are groups of related substantive studies, which together address one or more policy priorities. </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Health/Department for Children, Schools and Families research initiatives: </li></ul><ul><li>Provide a range of perspectives on a key policy area/issue. </li></ul><ul><li>Typically are of several years in duration. </li></ul><ul><li>Historically have been funded at about £2.5m. </li></ul><ul><li>Commissioned by competitive tendering exercises. </li></ul>5
  6. 6. Background to the ARi <ul><li>The initiative approach assumes that: </li></ul><ul><li>the cumulative evidence from a number of studies is more convincing than that from individual studies. </li></ul><ul><li>an initiative offers a more complete picture of a particular issue than any one study is likely to provide </li></ul><ul><li>when findings are brought together important underlying messages may emerge. </li></ul><ul><li>it is valuable to produce an overview of the initiative studies to provide quick and easy access to findings from several research studies . </li></ul>The whole is greater than the sum of its parts' Aristotle 6
  7. 7. Background to the ARi <ul><li>The ARi aims to contribute to the evaluation of the government’s adoption project, including the Adoption and Children Act 2002 and various related policy initiatives. The ARi : </li></ul><ul><li>includes studies which focus on previously under-researched aspects of adoption policy and practice </li></ul><ul><li>includes seven large and complex studies. </li></ul><ul><li>addresses four broad themes i.e. permanency planning; linking and matching; adoption support and the costs of adoption. </li></ul><ul><li>complements other recently-reported and current research on the full range of placement for looked-after children </li></ul>7
  8. 8. Background to the ARI <ul><li>Timetable for the ARI </li></ul>8 Year Stage of the research process 2001 Identification of the topic/theme 2002 Planning and consultation to inform the specification 2003&4 Tendering exercises & commissioning of the studies 2004 Planning, data collection, analysis and writing up of the studies 2007-09 Studies reporting & dissemination of individual studies 2010-11 Dissemination of the initiative’s main findings
  9. 9. ESRC’s Strategic Plan 2009 – 2014: Delivering Impact through Social Science, page 23, Section on Maximising Impact : <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Engaging with the potential users of research at the earliest stage of the research process is a key factor in helping the findings to be taken up and exploited. </li></ul><ul><li>Sustained contacts with users is one of the most important determinants of policy impact. </li></ul><ul><li>The flow of people, researchers and users between sectors is one of the most effective mechanisms for knowledge exchanges and facilitating dialogue to develop connections and understanding. </li></ul>9
  10. 10. Engagement with potential users for the ARi 10 Stage of the research process Engagement with potential users of the research included/includes: Identification of the broad topic/theme <ul><li>Heads of policy divisions </li></ul><ul><li>Chairs of Task Forces </li></ul>Planning and consultation to inform the specification <ul><li>Policy & professional advisers </li></ul><ul><li>BAAF </li></ul>Tendering exercise & commission of the studies <ul><li>ARi Commissioning Group </li></ul><ul><li>Peer Reviewers </li></ul>
  11. 11. Engagement with potential users for the ARi 11 Stage of the research process Engagement with potential users of the research included/includes: Planning, data collection, analysis and writing up of the studies <ul><li>Advisory Groups for individual studies </li></ul><ul><li>Two-day, residential annual seminars </li></ul><ul><li>Consultations with service users </li></ul>Reporting & disseminating the findings from the individual studies <ul><li>Advisory Groups for individual studies </li></ul><ul><li>Two-day, residential annual seminars </li></ul><ul><li>BAAF </li></ul>Disseminating & Implementing the initiative’s main findings <ul><li>ARi Dissemination & Implementation Advisory Group </li></ul><ul><li>Appointment of a Professional Advisor </li></ul><ul><li>BAAF </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>These various groups have involved researchers, central government policy advisers and representatives from adoption agencies (including some service-user-led organisations.) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Should we be trying to increase service user involvement in the ARi ? </li></ul>Issue for discussion 12
  13. 13. Role of the Professional Adviser <ul><li>To ensure that the findings of the initiative projects are disseminated into practice </li></ul><ul><li>To do this in ways that make it more likely that the messages will be heard and absorbed into practice </li></ul>13
  14. 14. Evidence-based practice <ul><li>Should underpin all decision making in social care </li></ul><ul><li>Aims to enhance, not replace professional judgment </li></ul>14
  15. 15. Process of evidence-based practice <ul><li>Formulate question </li></ul><ul><li>Source research evidence to answer question </li></ul><ul><li>Appraise the evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Integrate evidence with practice experience and specific circumstances </li></ul><ul><li>Take action </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate action </li></ul>15
  16. 16. Putting Research Evidence to Work <ul><li>A study of ‘barriers’ and ‘facilitators’ to research use </li></ul><ul><li>Commissioned by the CAAB, Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>Reviewed 70 reports on the utilisation of research </li></ul><ul><li>Survey of 155 staff from 4 public service sectors </li></ul><ul><li>Review of ‘products’ of organisations dedicated to research dissemination </li></ul><ul><li>www.caab.ie </li></ul>16
  17. 17. Barriers for individuals <ul><li>Lack of time </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of access </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Research jargon </li></ul><ul><li>Overwhelmed by volume of material </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of critical appraisal skills </li></ul>17
  18. 18. Barriers within research <ul><li>Findings out of touch with reality of practice </li></ul><ul><li>Complex presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Not locally relevant </li></ul>18
  19. 19. Organisational barriers <ul><li>Lack of research culture </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of encouragement to use research </li></ul><ul><li>Inadequate dissemination strategies </li></ul>19
  20. 20. Facilitators for individuals <ul><li>Personal interest </li></ul><ul><li>Informal sharing in the workplace </li></ul><ul><li>Need to prepare reports/papers </li></ul>20
  21. 21. Facilitators in the nature of research <ul><li>Accessibility/user friendliness </li></ul><ul><li>Practical relevance </li></ul><ul><li>Provision of research evidence in different formats </li></ul>21
  22. 22. Facilitators within organisations <ul><li>Improved access to research materials </li></ul><ul><li>Dedicated time to reading and discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Research champions </li></ul><ul><li>Training in evaluation of research </li></ul><ul><li>Embedding research in protocols </li></ul><ul><li>Appointing research officers </li></ul><ul><li>Forums to share and debate research topics </li></ul>22
  23. 23. AR i Dissemination Strategy <ul><li>Website – briefing papers, training materials, film, podcasts, links etc </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of the studies – distribution of free copies </li></ul><ul><li>Research reports of the individual studies – published as series of books (BAAF) </li></ul><ul><li>Briefing papers with key messages and action points (paper and web) </li></ul><ul><li>Presentations & conferences </li></ul><ul><li>Journal articles </li></ul>23
  24. 24. Issue for discussion <ul><li>What barriers and facilitators have you personally experienced to absorbing and using research findings? </li></ul><ul><li>What gets in the way/what works for you? </li></ul><ul><li>What more could we do to overcome the barriers? </li></ul>24
  25. 25. Using research during the initiative <ul><li>Two issues arose for the Adoption Policy Team: </li></ul><ul><li>The Commissioning Support Programme - to help Children’s Trusts plan, design and implement services more effectively by providing tailored support. </li></ul><ul><li>The Sufficiency Guidance – relating to a duty on local authorities to secure sufficient accommodation to meet the accommodation needs of looked after children. </li></ul><ul><li>The issues were interrelated AND applicable to adoption. </li></ul>25
  26. 26. Using research during the initiative <ul><li>What we did: </li></ul><ul><li>Used ARI research paper Adoption and the Interagency Fee by Dr. Julie Selwyn and colleagues at the Universities of Bristol & Loughborough to draw these issues together at the National Commissioning Workshop (November 2009). </li></ul><ul><li>Ministers wrote to Directors of Children’s services ahead of that conference to highlight the research. </li></ul>26
  27. 27. Using research during the initiative <ul><li>Key messages for adoption agencies: </li></ul><ul><li>Overhead costs of adoption services were commonly overlooked or misunderstood by local authorities. </li></ul><ul><li>Overhead costs were roughly the same for local authority and voluntary adoption agencies. </li></ul><ul><li>The true costs of an adoption placement were similar for local authority and voluntary agencies. </li></ul>27
  28. 28. Using research during the initiative <ul><li>The research is being used to inform discussions about major commissioning issues: </li></ul><ul><li>Where should we put our overall resource to best help children and families, particularly children in need? </li></ul><ul><li>How do we ensure that services will be efficient and effective and improve outcomes? </li></ul><ul><li>How do we make sure that services deliver desired outcomes? </li></ul>28
  29. 29. Issues for discussion <ul><li>Should you have received the messages from the research on Adoption and the Interagency Fee? </li></ul><ul><li>If so, did you? </li></ul><ul><li>Did we use an appropriate conference to reach the target audience? </li></ul><ul><li>What more could we do to get messages from the research to the right audience? </li></ul>29
  30. 30. To conclude <ul><li>We’re planning to attempt to evaluate the impact of the overall dissemination and implementation of the ARi. </li></ul><ul><li>How could we go about this? </li></ul>30
  31. 31. Contact details: <ul><li>www.adoptionresearchinitiative.org.uk </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>31

×