Gender And Technology Becta


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Gender and technology was the theme of the Becta presentation, given by Phil Bannister and Di Levine. They referred to a range of research, published between 2005 and 2008, which had looked at gender and use of ICT both in school and outside of school. see

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  • Gender And Technology Becta

    1. 1. Gender and technology Phil Bannister Head of Policy Advice and Departmental Liaison Di Levine Head of Educational Research and Analysis
    2. 2. Gender and ICT in school
    3. 3. Learners are using technology in a range of ways for learning in primary schools… Cranmer et al, 2008
    4. 4. And in secondary schools… Citizencard/Peoplesurv, 2007
    5. 5. How do learners feel about all this? <ul><li>Some evidence to suggest girls working with ICT together with boys has a negative effect on girls’ anxiety and performance (Cooper 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>Actual levels of competence vary less than personal attitudes (Sanders 2006, Volman 2005) </li></ul>
    6. 6. Does ICT have more effect on attainment for boys or girls? <ul><li>Lack of evidence on impact of ICT on girls’ attainment/ differences between genders </li></ul><ul><li>Impact of different technologies: </li></ul>
    7. 7. Gender and ICT outside of school
    8. 8. How do boys and girls differ in their use outside schools? <ul><li>Girls significantly more likely than boys to have no/limited access to a computer at home (Valentine et al 2005) </li></ul><ul><li>Boys have more experience of using ICT out of school, use it more intensively, and consider themselves more capable at advanced ICT activities (Eurydice 2005) </li></ul><ul><li>The uses girls tend to favour are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>writing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>developing artwork and photographs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>creating music </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>producing invitations, booklets, and diaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Valentine et al 2005) </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. e-Safety/digital literacy is an issue
    10. 10. Using ICT for learning outside school? <ul><li>Girls are much more likely than boys to use computers outside of school for schoolwork – 50% of girls compared with 15% of boys (Valentine et al 2005) </li></ul><ul><li>Girls are slightly less trusting than boys, and slightly more likely to make checks on what they find online. They are also less likely to visit new websites (a change from 2006) (Ofcom 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Home use of ICT is modelled on in-school use – school has an important role in enabling both boys and girls to make best use of technology for learning </li></ul><ul><li>Home ICT use for educational purposes is positively associated with attainment – possibility of the gender gap being widened? </li></ul>
    11. 11. But this is a complex picture, coloured by other factors <ul><li>Girl If you’re on a computer and you get these programmes like ICT maths and you can learn about anything you want to do with maths on it. </li></ul><ul><li>Girl But the thing is hardly anybody wants to go on there. </li></ul><ul><li>Int. People don’t like using it? </li></ul><ul><li>Girl Except for geeks. </li></ul>Cranmer et al, 2008 Female, yr 6
    12. 12. Why do boys and girls differ in their attitudes? <ul><li>Socialisation is the key factor affecting girls’ confidence and attitudes towards ICT </li></ul><ul><li>Pupil age is important: </li></ul><ul><li>General consensus that boys and girls start off liking ICT the same </li></ul><ul><li>Parental attitudes and actions can have a significant impact </li></ul><ul><li>In KS3 & 4 girls may lose enthusiasm for technology use </li></ul>
    13. 13. Classroom practices may also have an impact <ul><li>Some evidence that where teachers believe girls dislike ICT, they direct more attention towards boys when using technology in the classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Design of software and digital content used in schools may be geared to appeal more to boys </li></ul><ul><li>Cooper 2006 </li></ul>
    14. 14. Implications for practice <ul><li>Practitioners need to consider gender as one of a number of factors that influence technology for learning </li></ul><ul><li>This involves: </li></ul><ul><li>Not assuming they know what technologies learners are using in informal learning settings, and for what sort of activity </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraging enquiry-led and learner voice approaches to challenge their own assumptions and preconceptions </li></ul>
    15. 15. Contact... <ul><li>Becta </li></ul><ul><li>Millburn Hill Road </li></ul><ul><li>Science Park </li></ul><ul><li>Coventry CV4 7JJ </li></ul><ul><li>T +44 (0)24 7679 7094 </li></ul><ul><li>F +44 (0)24 7641 1418 </li></ul><ul><li>E </li></ul><ul><li>E </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>