If 10% of women in the UK who obtained no qualifications were to gain a Level 1 qualification (equivalent to five GCSE grades D-G), the predicted reduction in the incidence of depression could lead to savings of up to £34 million per year.
Child-parent relationships are particularly important to sustaining and improving wellbeing.
Children who report positive relationships with their parents are more likely to experience improvements in behavioural and social wellbeing, and less likely to experience decline in subjective school wellbeing.
Similarly where parents report positive feelings about their child, children are more likely to experience improvements in wellbeing than those whose parents report negative feelings.
Girls more likely to experience slightly lower levels of and greater declines in their emotional wellbeing.
Boys have lower behavioural, school and social wellbeing than girls, although the gender gap in social wellbeing narrows from mid-childhood to adolescence.
Boys tend to experience a greater decline in wellbeing where there is maternal alcoholism (paternal alcoholism not included in our measures for technical reasons) and stressful life events, whereas girls do not.
WBL research recently informed DCSF input to the National Equality Panel, SEU approach to tackling low aspiration neighbourhoods, and strategic thinking within DCSF.
Informed Departmental Strategic Objectives 1 (Secure the wellbeing and health of children and young people) and 4 (Close the gap in educational achievement for children from disadvantaged backgrounds).
Rather than immediate practical application, the effect is largely to ‘drip-feed’ evidence and messages into the DCSF and beyond, through briefings, reports, meetings, etc.