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  • 1. Transitions Getting smoothly from A to B
  • 2. Why are transitions important?Let’s say you go to a friend’s wedding. You see a bunch ofpeople you don’t know. At the reception, your friend begins topoint them out to you, even introduces you to a few. “This is myUncle Bob, and that’s his wife Linda over there. They don’tget along too well with my dad; they are just here to make mygrandmother happy.”Suddenly all the strange faces start to have meaning andconnections to you. There’s your friend’s sister, Lulu who useto steal his toys. There’s your friend’s childhood neighbor, whoonce had a crush on Lulu, and so on.
  • 3. Why are transitions important?Ideas in your head, that will eventually come out on paper, arelike the relatives at the reception. To a reader, the ideas willnot have connections or relationships unless YOU, as thewriter, explain those relationships.It is your responsibility as a writer to make the organization ofyour ideas smooth and logical to your reader. You can do thisthrough use of transitions. Never make your reader put twoand two together – that is your job.
  • 4. Why are transitions important?Let’s look at a few writing samples with andwithout transitions.Without transition: Gerald didn’t care for golf; he played a full 18 holes with his father on Saturday.With transition: Although Gerald didn’t care for golf, he played a full 18 holes with his father on Saturday. *Please also note the punctuation differences.
  • 5. Why are transitions important?Here’s another example.Without transitions:Our current consumer approach to the holiday season creates excessive waste throughproduction, packing and wrapping. It adds to materialistic greed in children, who cometo expect a myriad of toys each year to add to their already overflowing closets and toy chests ofunused items. Create a tradition of homemade gifts, which are more heartfelt than last minuteitems off a shelf, or vintage items, that do not require taking more of the Earth’s resources toproduce.With transitions:Our current consumer approach to the holiday season creates excessive waste through production,packing and wrapping. Moreover, it adds to materialistic greed in children, who come to expect amyriad of toys each year to add to their already overflowing closets and toy chests of unuseditems. Instead, create a tradition of homemade gifts, which are more heartfelt than last minuteitems off a shelf, or consider vintage items, that do not require taking more of the Earth’s resources to produce.
  • 6. Why are transitions important?Here’s an example of a transition between paragraphs. This comes out ofmy master’s degree thesis; we had to use APA style of citation, so it looks alittle different than MLA.Without transition: Student’s fear of being different in any respect comes from an environment that sadly punishes, rather thancelebrates, differences. One way to help create the type of embracing environment all teaches would like to seein schools is through fostering empathy (Toranzo, 1996). Students who show a greater acceptance of individualdifferences, or tolerance, also have higher empathy scores (Bryant, 1982). Researchers have found skills in empathy are related to social success (Cotton, 1995). Reading is interpretingand interacting with the expressed thoughts of others. Writing is the reverse, attempting to interact with a futurereader, or audience, through careful coding of ideas into words. A fully competent and engaged reader or writerneeds to understand and consider the viewpoints, motivations, actions and intentions of others (Toranzo, 1996).With transition: Student’s fear of being different in any respect comes from an environment that sadly punishes, rather thancelebrates, differences. One way to help create the type of embracing environment all teaches would like to seein schools is through fostering empathy (Toranzo, 1996). Students who show a greater acceptance of individualdifferences, or tolerance, also have higher empathy scores (Bryant, 1982). In addition to social skills, researchers have found skills in empathy are related to social success (Cotton,1995). Reading is interpreting and interacting with the expressed thoughts of others. Writing is the reverse,attempting to interact with a future reader, or audience, through careful coding of ideas into words. A fullycompetent and engaged reader or writer needs to understand and consider the viewpoints, motivations, actionsand intentions of others (Toranzo, 1996).
  • 7. Helpful transitionsWords that show contrast or a change in ideas:However RatherBut Not withstandingNevertheless On the contraryIn spite of In contrast toWhile this may be true ConverselyStill InsteadDespite Yet
  • 8. Helpful transitionsWords that show an addition to ideas:Also Besides FinallyFurthermore In addition AlsoMoreover Again As well asToo Likewise SimilarlyIn fact For instance AnotherFor example Equally importantNot only/but also As a result
  • 9. Helpful transitionsWords that show a consequence:Hence ConsequentlyThus AccordinglyTherefore Due toFor this reason SinceBecause As a resultThereupon
  • 10. Helpful transitionsWords that show sequence:At first To begin withThe next step In timeIn turn MeanwhileEventually SimultaneouslyFor the time being Next, then, soonLater, while, earlier AfterwardSubsequently Previously
  • 11. Helpful transitionsWords that show emphasis or restatement:Above all Indeed In briefTruly Of course In shortCertainly Surely In other wordsIn fact In truth FurthermoreAgain That is to sayIn essence Namely
  • 12. Helpful transitionsWords that show concession:Although At any rateAt least StillThough Even thoughGranted that In spite ofWhile it may be true True
  • 13. Helpful transitionsWords that show details and examples:Specifically For exampleEspecially To illustrateTo explain ThusIn particular In other wordsTo enumerate As an illustrationIn detail To witNamelyIncluding
  • 14. Helpful transitionsWords to summarize or generalize:After all As a ruleBriefly As usualConsidering In generalIn any case OrdinarilyOn the whole TypicallyBy and large UsuallyAccordingly For the most partAs a result To this endConsequently In short
  • 15. Now you try!Fill in blank with a transition word, then click to seeif you picked the right one.I wasn’t feeling well yesterday, __________ I called in sick. a. to explain b. however c. therefore d. in addition to therefore
  • 16. Now you try!Fill in blank with a transition word, then click to seeif you picked the right one.Projects must be handed in by the due date, __________ theywill not be scored. a. obviously b. otherwise c. as a result d. finally otherwise
  • 17. Now you try!Fill in blank with a transition word, then click to seeif you picked the right one.__________ it has been shown that lightening strikes are rare, it’sstill a good idea to stay away from tall or metallic structures duringa storm. a. Even though b. Consequently c. Nevertheless d. Because Even though
  • 18. Now you try!Fill in blank with a transition word, then click to seeif you picked the right one.Sales of CD’s have a small but steady fall over the lasttwelve months. _________, vinyl records have seen an increase intheir share of the market, up to 1.7%. a. Above all b. Correspondingly c. For example d. In contrast In contrast
  • 19. Now you try!Fill in blank with a transition word, then click to seeif you picked the right one.“I plan to take a very long trip, and I don’t suspect I shallreturn,” Biblo told the crowd. “_______, I mean not to.” a. Still b. Of course c. In fact d. Furthermore In fact
  • 20. Now you try!Fill in blank with a transition word, then click to seeif you picked the right one.My basketball coach told me I was doing better, ________my shots seem to keep getting worse. a. yet b. therefore c. in general d. by and large yet
  • 21. Now you try!Fill in blank with a transition word, then click to seeif you picked the right one._________ photographing the animals in Madagascar for herNational Geographic article, Evelyn hopes to take some shots of thevillages and people of the area, too. a. Upon b. Due to c. Despite d. In addition to In addition to
  • 22. Need a handout?For a easy-to-use list of transition words similar tothose on this PowerPoint presentation, visit:http://www.teachervision.fen.com/writing- composition/vocabulary/1780.htmlYour best bet is to copy and paste the list to anotherpage for easy, non-wasteful printing.