Before SR• Teachers found truth in • Greek and Rom an teachings • The Bible• Earth was center of universe – geocentric theory
The Scientific Revolution• Spread ing of id eas • Printing press • Exploration• Som e ? The past • L ooked at nature for answers • Based on Scientific m ethod• C hallenged : • O ld G and R ways • C hurch
N icolaus C opernicus• D iscovered - heliocentric theory • Sun center of universe• Why im portant tod ay (WIT)? • It’s true!!
Galileo Galilei• C hallenged Aristotle • L aw of pend ulum • All objects fall at sam e speed• C hallenges • H e proved C opernicus• WIT • C hanged scientific world • C hallenged the church
C onflict with the C hurch (Galileo)• The church urged him to stop his id eas about the universe• The C hurch forced him to d eny his id eas he knew to be true• Sentenced to house arrest for the rest of his life (1 642)• L ater, the C hurch issued an apology to Galileo, saying they were wrong to suppress his scientific find ings IN 1992!!!!!
Sir Isaac N ewton• L aw of m otion • The sam e force rules all m otion in universe • Every object attracts every other object• WIT • Theories still used tod ay
Robert Boyle• Boyle’s law • Volum e, tem p, and pressure of gas affect each other • Perfected scientific m ethod in chem istry• WIT • Theories still used tod ay
Scientific M ethod• Gathering id eas and testing them 1. Problem or ? with science 2. Form hypothesis or ? 3. Test hypothesis (experim ent) and gather d ata 4. Stud y d ata – get answers 5. Prove or d isprove hypothesis 6. Repeat• WIT • C hanged the way we stud y science • Im proved hum anity
1. Idea goes away if he dies? Others who have idea?2. Nuclear weapons?3. Other periods in history of “dealing” with beliefs
The Enlightenm ent• Started with two m en • Thom as H obbes • John L ocke• A “revolution” in intelligence – new views of governm ent and society
The Enlightenm ent• Reached its height in Paris 1 700s• Expansion of ed ucation and wealth • M id d le class d em and ing m ore polt rights (Am Rev)• Philosophes wanted to d iscuss politics and id eas 1. Reason – truth is found in logical thinking 2. N ature – natural law is also good for econ and politics 3. H appiness – joy is now, not in heaven 4. Progress – SM will perfect society 5. L iberty – no restriction on speech, religion, trad e, travel
The Enlightenm ent• Thom as H obbes • Govt is to keep ord er (no govt = war) • Social contract • To escape wicked ness – people give up rights to lead er
The Enlightenm ent• John L ocke • Govt power is from the people (d em ocracy) • People born with – life, liberty and property • Govt is to protect those rights • People can overthrow their govt
The Enlightenm ent• Voltaire • Freed om of religion and speech• M ontesquieu • Separation of powers in govt (checks and bal)• Rousseau • Govt is form ed by the people (d irect d em ocracy)• Thom as Aquinas • H is teachings on law/govt influence d em ocracy• Thom as Jefferson • Free speech, religion, ind y feed om s, wrote D O I• William Blackstone • Influence English law and early Am erican law