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Indus

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Transcript

  • 1.
    • Indus River Valley
  • 2.
    • Timeline
    • Lasted for 1000 yrs
    • Vanished w/o a trace
    • Geography
    • Two main cities: Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa both had 35-40 thousand
    • Indus and Ganges rivers flood/recede (many others make area very fertile)
    • Mt ranges: Hindu Kush, Karakoram, Himalaya
    • Deccan Plateau
    • Environment
    • Monsoons: Oct to May dry winds; June wet wind
    • Indus floods unpredictable
    • Early Peoples
    • May have domesticated sheep/goats by 7000 B.C.
    • Planned Cities
    • Sophisticated cities-grid system
    • Citadel-protected major buildings
    • Plumbing/sewage systems-almost every house had bathroom/toilet
    • Trash chutes took trash to bins outside
    • Public Wells
  • 3.
    • Culture/Trade
    • Stable economy
    • No great social divisions
    • Society had “toys”-meaning prosperous
    • Few weapons-little conflict
    • Links to modern Hindu culture-cattle, etc
    • Traded with Sumer
    • Life
    • Centered on the family-3 generations could live together
    • Need a second wife?
    • The “suttee”
    • Mysterious End
    • Cities began to decline-1750 B.C.
    • ? Indus river changed course ?
    • ? Wore out valley’s land ? – over graze, farmed, cut
    • ? Natural disaster ?
    • ? Enemy attacks ?