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Chapter 5 Review
 

Chapter 5 Review

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    Chapter 5 Review Chapter 5 Review Presentation Transcript

    •  
      • Remember Greece is shaped by geography
      • High mts, rocky land, no natural resources
      • “ Liquid highways” linked Greece
      • The geography (mainly mts) lead to the creation of city-states
      • Minoans had their capital at Knossos
      • In Minoan culture the bull is very powerful
      • Helen of Troy is the face that launched a 1000 ships
      • She is “main” reason for the Battle of Troy
      • Arête is stories of virtue and excellence
      • Greek myths helped explain their gods and heroes
      • Both Sparta and Athens - most powerful c/s in Greece
      • Each had own culture, govt., and structure
      • Sparta military state - duty, strength, honor and discipline
      • Spartan govt. had assembly, council of elders, and 5 ephors
      • Sparta had to be military society to keep the helots under control
      • Spartan military training began at 7
      • Spartans also practice exposure to keep race superior
      • Athens is considered the beginnings of western culture and govt.
      • Athens had a direct democracy
      • Athens class structure is based on income not birth
      • Men were taught reading and writing; soldiering was secondary
      • Women had little education and power but opinion is respected
      • Persian empire uses satraps to control large empire
      • Persian army main strength is the large numbers of fighters
      • Ionian battle is what “starts” Persian Wars
      • Darius’ servant whispers to him at dinner “remember the Athenians”
      • Know the order of battles we’ve discussed
      • Marathon, Thermopylae, Salamis, Plataea
      • Athens uses the envelope tactic in battle (strong flanks, weak center)
      • Messenger runs to Athens to let them know of the results of the battle
      • This was a 26 mile run
      • Upon reaching Athens he yells out, “ Νενικήκαμε ” or victory
      • The Persian loss was important b/c it proved that Persia was not invincible
      • Xerxes Crosses Hellespont by building pontoon bridges
      • Orders sea to get 300 lashes for causing storm that destroyed first bridge
      • Greeks build warship Trireme (what was main battle tactic of this ship?)
      • Greeks need to organize-Leonidas (300) make their stand at Thermopylae
      • Greek battle formation Phalanx was put to good use
      • Ephialtes is the word for traitor in Greek
      • Large naval battle led by Themistocles
      • Greeks lost 40 triremes and Persia lost 200 ships and around 50,000 men
      • Plataea last battle of Persian wars
      • Greeks threw everything at Persia
      • 250,000 Persians killed the Persian threat is over
      • With Persia defeated the GAG can “start”
      • Delian league is formed to stop further Persian invasions
      • Athens is “president” of DL
      • Athens starts to become “empire”; uses DL $ for own purposes
      • Pericles is main man in all of Athens
      • Pericles expands democratic ideas in Athens
      • Pericles’ 3 goals : Stronger Democracy, Athenian Empire, Glorify Athens
      • Parthenon is built using DL $
      • Cost 1 to 3 billion dollars
      • Entasis-using curved lines so the Parthenon appears straight
      • Alexander believes he is son of Zeus
      • KNOW that Alexander spread Greek culture throughout the known world
      • He truly believes he is Greek not Macedonian
      • Hellenistic culture is a blending of several different cultures
      • Only happened as a result of Alexander’s conquests
      • Blending of Greek, Egyptian, Persian and Indian cultures
      • In your own words tell me what Leonidas’ quotes means to you
      • Choose one of the two
      • “ If you think that I am going to fight by numbers, then all of Greece would be insufficient, for she is only a small part of the numbers of the Persians, but if I am to fight for valor, then even 300 is enough”
      • “ If you knew what is good in life, you would abstain from wishing for foreign things. For me it is better to die for Greece than to be king over my compatriots”