Chapter 3

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  • Chapter 3

    1. 1. Chapter 3: People and Ideas on the Move 3500 b.c. to 259 b.c.
    2. 2. Indo-European Migrations <ul><li>Geographical Importance: </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter is about movement of people, materials, trade goods, ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Seas, rivers, mountains determine movement of people </li></ul><ul><li>Mediterranean, Red, and Indian Seas and other major rivers </li></ul><ul><li>Some “movements” took generations </li></ul><ul><li>Trade goods changed hands many times </li></ul>
    3. 3. Indo-European Migrations
    4. 4. Indo-European Migrations <ul><li>Who were the Indo-Europeans? </li></ul><ul><li>Semi-nomadic people that “started” near the steppes of the Caucasus Mountains </li></ul><ul><li>Why did they “leave” their homeland? </li></ul><ul><li>Graze lands dried up? </li></ul><ul><li>Population increased? </li></ul><ul><li>Escape from invaders? </li></ul><ul><li>Disease? </li></ul><ul><li>Whatever the reason, migration happens (1700-1200 b.c.) </li></ul>
    5. 5. Indo-European Migrations <ul><li>Why are the Indo Europeans are important? </li></ul><ul><li>Many modern languages come from their “language” </li></ul><ul><li>Historians believe these indo-groups started modern civilization </li></ul>French English Spanish Greek Hindi Persian Russian Swedish Indo-European
    6. 6. Anatolia
    7. 7. Indo-European Migrations <ul><li>The Hittite chariot </li></ul><ul><li>The axle was attached in the middle </li></ul><ul><li>Made it easier to maneuver in battle </li></ul><ul><li>Could hold one more warrior </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>Aryans tomorrow </li></ul>Indo-European Migrations
    9. 9. Indo-European Migrations The Aryan Caste System According to Indian tradition, the four major castes emerged from the mouth, arms, legs, and feet of Perusha (the first human being). Perusha is identified with the creator god Brahma. MOUTH Brahmins (priests) ARMS Kshatriyas (rulers and warriors) FEET Shudras (laborers) LEGS Vaishyas (peasants and traders)
    10. 10. Climate of (your country)

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