ITALY: BIRTHPLACE OF THE
RENAISSANCE
SETTING THE STAGE
 At the end of the middle ages Europe suffers
from war and plague
 Survivors want to enjoy life
 Star...
ITALY’S ADVANTAGES
Three reasons Italy succeeds in the Renaissance
1. Urban centers
 Global trade regained strength due t...
ITALY’S ADVANTAGES
Three reasons Italy succeeds in the Renaissance
2. Merchants and the Medici
 Each c/s ran its own affa...
ITALY’S ADVANTAGES
Three reasons Italy succeeds in the Renaissance
3. Classical Heritage
 Renaissance people hated the Mi...
NEW CLASSIC AND WORLDLY VALUES
Humanism
 Focuses on human potential and achievement
 Influenced artists and architects t...
NEW CLASSIC AND WORLDLY VALUES
Enjoy the World
 You can enjoy fine food, music, life without
offending God
 Secular-only...
NEW CLASSIC AND WORLDLY VALUES
Patrons of the Arts
 One who financially supports artists
 Popes and merchants biggest pa...
NEW CLASSIC AND WORLDLY VALUES
Perspective
 The 3-D effect of paintings
 Vanishing point
The Renaissance Man
 When a pe...
THE NEW ART
 The “R” sees all types of new art
 Medieval art tended to be very flat and nearly always had
religious over...
THE NEW ART
 Renaissance artists started exploiting this optical illusion in their art. The
advantage of it is that you c...
• Interestingly,
perspective can
also be used as to
create false
perspective, such
as here.
You also start to see the use of light and shade
(chiaroscuro) and blurring outlines so it seems
that tones imperceptibly ...
Carvaggio’s Crucifixion
of St. Peter. An
example of
Chiaroscuro.
Close-up of Mona Lisa’s
face. Notice the sfumato
blurring, especially around
the eyes, and how it
creates a 3D illusion.
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171

  1. 1. ITALY: BIRTHPLACE OF THE RENAISSANCE
  2. 2. SETTING THE STAGE  At the end of the middle ages Europe suffers from war and plague  Survivors want to enjoy life  Start to ? The church  Want social achievements and advancements  Look to past to gain knowledge/ideas  Renaissance means the rebirth of art and learning
  3. 3. ITALY’S ADVANTAGES Three reasons Italy succeeds in the Renaissance 1. Urban centers  Global trade regained strength due to the Crusades  Large Italian city-states spawned intellectual revolution  Plague killed 60% –survivors could demand higher pay
  4. 4. ITALY’S ADVANTAGES Three reasons Italy succeeds in the Renaissance 2. Merchants and the Medici  Each c/s ran its own affairs, army, taxes, etc  Merchants wealthiest and dominate politics  Florence had the Medici’s  Powerful family of bankers and merchants
  5. 5. ITALY’S ADVANTAGES Three reasons Italy succeeds in the Renaissance 3. Classical Heritage  Renaissance people hated the Middle Ages  Wanted to return to classic art and writings of Greece and Rome  Rome is in Italy!!!!!!!!!!!!  Tired of death, war, destruction
  6. 6. NEW CLASSIC AND WORLDLY VALUES Humanism  Focuses on human potential and achievement  Influenced artists and architects to carry on Greek and Roman values
  7. 7. NEW CLASSIC AND WORLDLY VALUES Enjoy the World  You can enjoy fine food, music, life without offending God  Secular-only focusing on the hear and now and global thoughts  Don’t let religion and government “restrict”
  8. 8. NEW CLASSIC AND WORLDLY VALUES Patrons of the Arts  One who financially supports artists  Popes and merchants biggest patrons  Demonstrated their wealth and importance
  9. 9. NEW CLASSIC AND WORLDLY VALUES Perspective  The 3-D effect of paintings  Vanishing point The Renaissance Man  When a person strives to master every area of study  “He should paint, dance, sing, play music, write poetry, skilled in riding, wrestling and swordsmanship”
  10. 10. THE NEW ART  The “R” sees all types of new art  Medieval art tended to be very flat and nearly always had religious overtones.
  11. 11. THE NEW ART  Renaissance artists started exploiting this optical illusion in their art. The advantage of it is that you created the illusion of a three dimensional image on a flat, two dimensional surface
  12. 12. • Interestingly, perspective can also be used as to create false perspective, such as here.
  13. 13. You also start to see the use of light and shade (chiaroscuro) and blurring outlines so it seems that tones imperceptibly meld in to each other (thereby creating volume: this is sfumato).
  14. 14. Carvaggio’s Crucifixion of St. Peter. An example of Chiaroscuro.
  15. 15. Close-up of Mona Lisa’s face. Notice the sfumato blurring, especially around the eyes, and how it creates a 3D illusion.

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