LymphaticImmuneSystem

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LymphaticImmuneSystem

  1. 1. Lymphatic & Immune System <ul><li>Phagocytosis </li></ul><ul><li>Hodgkin's Disease </li></ul><ul><li>Sarcoidosis </li></ul>
  2. 2. Phagocytosis <ul><li>Phagocytosis is the process when a phagocyte ingests and digests bacteria and other foreign particles </li></ul><ul><li>A phagocyte is a cell that has the ability to ingest and digest bacteria </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>When the cell engulfs the solid particles using it's cell membrane it forms a phagosome </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Some cells using phagocytosis to acquire nutrients </li></ul><ul><li>In the immune system, it is used as a mechanism to remove pathogens and cell debris </li></ul>
  5. 5. Hodgkin's Disease <ul><li>Also called Hodgkin's lymphoma </li></ul><ul><li>Named after Thomas Hodgkin, a British physician, who first described it. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>It is a cancer of the lymphatic cells that originates from lymphocytes </li></ul><ul><li>These cancerous lymphatic cells are found in concentration in the lymph nodes </li></ul>
  7. 7. Symptoms of Hodgkin's Disease <ul><li>Swelling of the abdomen </li></ul><ul><li>Breathlessness </li></ul><ul><li>Fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>Eating disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Diaphoresis </li></ul><ul><li>Hyperthermia </li></ul><ul><li>Enlarged lymph nodes </li></ul><ul><li>Flatulence </li></ul><ul><li>Air in the stomach </li></ul><ul><li>Irritation </li></ul>
  8. 8. Treatments <ul><li>Radiatiion therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Chemotherapy </li></ul><ul><li>Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment depends on the age and sex of the patient as well as the stage of the disease </li></ul>
  9. 9. Sarcoidosis <ul><li>Disease of unknown cause that forms fibrous lesions commonly appearing in the lymph nodes, liver, skin, lungs, spleen, eyes, and small bones of the hands and feet. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Also called sarcoid or Besnier-Boeck disease </li></ul><ul><li>It improves or clears up spontaneously </li></ul>
  11. 11. Signs and Symptoms <ul><li>Fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>Weight loss </li></ul><ul><li>Aches and pains </li></ul><ul><li>Arthritis </li></ul><ul><li>Dry eyes </li></ul><ul><li>Blurry vision </li></ul><ul><li>Shortness of breath </li></ul><ul><li>Rashes or small bumps </li></ul>
  12. 12. Treatment <ul><li>Between 30% and 70% of patients do not require therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Corticosteroids is a standard treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Severe symptoms are treated with steroids </li></ul><ul><li>If multiple organs are affected, the patient can be treated with an electrocardiogram </li></ul>

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