Taking Charge (2nd ed.), Chapter 5.2

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Taking Charge (2nd ed.), Chapter 5.2

  1. 1. Using Critical Thinking Section 5.2: Critical Thinking in Education Taking Charge: Chapter 5 © 2010 TSTC Publishing
  2. 2. Critical Thinking <ul><li>The purpose of education should be to to teach students to think well and apply the knowledge they’ve acquired </li></ul><ul><li>Develop skills to ask questions and process ideas by delving deeper into subjects being studied </li></ul>© 2010 TSTC Publishing
  3. 3. Use It or Lose It <ul><li>Education is a two-part process </li></ul><ul><li>Take ownership of a fact instead of forgetting it; reflect on it, question, use and apply it </li></ul>© 2010 TSTC Publishing
  4. 4. Use It or Lose It (cont.) <ul><li>Ask questions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What if? </li></ul></ul>© 2010 TSTC Publishing
  5. 5. Socratic Method <ul><li>Sample questions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What do you mean by . . . ? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How did you come to that conclusion? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the source of the information? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is the sources of information reliable? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What assumption led you to this conclusion? </li></ul></ul>© 2010 TSTC Publishing
  6. 6. More Sample Questions <ul><li>Suppose you are wrong, what are the implications? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did you make that inference? </li></ul><ul><li>Why is this issue significant? </li></ul><ul><li>How do I know what you are saying is true? </li></ul><ul><li>What is an alternative explanation? </li></ul>© 2010 TSTC Publishing
  7. 7. Academic Critical Thinking <ul><li>Lectures </li></ul><ul><li>Labs </li></ul><ul><li>Homework </li></ul><ul><li>Class Discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative Learning/Projects </li></ul>© 2010 TSTC Publishing
  8. 8. Other Areas <ul><li>Term papers </li></ul><ul><li>Essays </li></ul><ul><li>Exams </li></ul>© 2010 TSTC Publishing
  9. 9. Further Reflection <ul><li>How is critical thinking important to your specific major? </li></ul><ul><li>How will you use critical thinking in your classes? </li></ul>© 2010 TSTC Publishing
  10. 10. Additional Resources <ul><li>Freeinquiry.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.freeinquiry.com/critical-thinking.html </li></ul><ul><li>Critical Thinker http:// www.public.asu.edu/~macalla/cthinker.html </li></ul>© 2010 TSTC Publishing

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