Global production and work in the IT-             industry   信息技术产业的全球生产与工作            Boy Lüthje 吕博艺      Institute of So...
Outline 纲要1. Changes in the global production system   of the IT industry 信息技术产业全球生产制   度的变迁2. Global production networks ...
The vertically integrated computer industry                                    Circa 1980_________________________________...
The horizontal computer industry                  Circa 1995____________________________________________Sales andDistribut...
EMS Revenues 1989-2001                           1989年-2001年 电子制造服务的收入                                         Source: Tec...
Electronics Contract Manufacturing Revenues                 2003-2008     2003年-2008年 电子合同制造的收入        Source: ISuppli
Top Ten EMS                                     Top Ten ODMs                                      20052005      Company   ...
Global Supply Chain Consolidation                全球供应链的合并              HP/Compaq 惠普/康柏Pre-merger Compaq/HP                ...
The crisis of the Silicon Valley Model               硅谷模式的危机(2001 ff.) Rapid innovation results in over-capacities in key...
2.Global Production Networks and            Work      全球生产网络与工作    Is Fordism coming back?        福特制回来了吗?
Vertical re-integration „at the bottom―      “在底端”的垂直化重新整合
Global locations Flextronics International, 2000            2000年伟创力的全球布局
联系我们 | 企业文化 | 人才招聘 | 网站导航 | 合作伙伴Copyright © 1998 - 2003 foxconn. All Rights Reserved.
―The forbidden city of Terry Guo‖       ―郭台铭的紫禁城”        (Source: The Wall Street Journal)
Flexible mass production regime South China           State-of-the-art working conditions and technology             Low...
3.Labor standards, innovation,   and global regulation劳工标准、创新、以及全球规制 Policy alternatives beyond Neo-            Liberalism...
New dynamics of industrial development         产业发展的新动态• Vertical Specialization at the top drives vertical re-  integrati...
Emerging economies 新兴经济• Vertical re-integration – but market cycles and  profits under control of global brands  垂直化重新整合—...
Global policies 全球政策• Protectionism is no answer  保护主义不是答案• Developing sustainable models of technology  and consumption (...
Labor standards and production     politics 劳工标准与生产政治• Control of labor standards from below: labor laws,  active trade un...
„Trust is good, control is better―   ―信任是好的,而控制更好”• Re-Regulation of key product markets and  networks (e.g. mobile phones...
谢谢!
Mon, 10.45h luethje, boy global production and work in the it industry
Mon, 10.45h luethje, boy global production and work in the it industry
Mon, 10.45h luethje, boy global production and work in the it industry
Mon, 10.45h luethje, boy global production and work in the it industry
Mon, 10.45h luethje, boy global production and work in the it industry
Mon, 10.45h luethje, boy global production and work in the it industry
Mon, 10.45h luethje, boy global production and work in the it industry
Mon, 10.45h luethje, boy global production and work in the it industry
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Mon, 10.45h luethje, boy global production and work in the it industry

1,446 views
1,328 views

Published on

Presentation by Boy Luethje at SYSU

Published in: Education, Business, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,446
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
5
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Mon, 10.45h luethje, boy global production and work in the it industry

  1. 1. Global production and work in the IT- industry 信息技术产业的全球生产与工作 Boy Lüthje 吕博艺 Institute of Social Research University of Frankfurt Germany 德国法兰克福大学社会研究所
  2. 2. Outline 纲要1. Changes in the global production system of the IT industry 信息技术产业全球生产制 度的变迁2. Global production networks and work 全 球生产网络与工作3. Labor standards, innovation, and global regulation 劳工标准、创新、以及全球规制
  3. 3. The vertically integrated computer industry Circa 1980______________________________________________________________Sales andDistributionApplicationSoftwareOperatingSystemComputerChips IBM DEC Siemens Fujitsu ...........______________________________________________________________Adapted from: A. Grove, Only the Paranoid Survive, New York/London 1996
  4. 4. The horizontal computer industry Circa 1995____________________________________________Sales andDistribution Retail Stores Superstores Mail OrderApplicationSoftware Word Word Perfect etc.OperatingSystem DOS/Windows OS/2 Mac UNIXComputer Compaq Dell Packard Bell HP IBM etc.ContractManufacturers Solectron SCI Flextronics IBM etc.Chips Intel Architecture Motorola RISCs____________________________________________Adapted from: A. Grove, Only the Paranoid Survive, New York/London 1996
  5. 5. EMS Revenues 1989-2001 1989年-2001年 电子制造服务的收入 Source: Technology Forecasters, Inc. 120 100 80US$ Billion 60 40 20 0 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001E
  6. 6. Electronics Contract Manufacturing Revenues 2003-2008 2003年-2008年 电子合同制造的收入 Source: ISuppli
  7. 7. Top Ten EMS Top Ten ODMs 20052005 Company Annual 2005 Company 2005 AnnualRank Name Revenue Rank Name Revenue(000) (000) 1 Foxconn $20,981 1 Quanta $12,523 2 Flextronics $15,582 2 Asustek $10,737 3 Sanmina-SCI $11,343 3 Compal $6,860 4 Solectron $10,207 4 Lite-On $5,054 5 Celestica $8,471 5 Inventec $5,048 6 Jabil $8,057 6 BenQ $5,043 7 Elcoteq $5,179 7 Wistron $4,814 8 Venture $3,238 Inventec 8 $3,577 Appliance 9 Benchmark $2,257 9 Tatung $2,338 10 USI $1,621 10 Mitac Intl $2,307 Total Top 10 $86,936 Total Top 10 $58,300 Data by iSuppli Corp. Figures in $US Millions
  8. 8. Global Supply Chain Consolidation 全球供应链的合并 HP/Compaq 惠普/康柏Pre-merger Compaq/HP HP 2004 63 manufacturing facilities 32 142 distribution hubs 88 1500 suppliers ca. 700 385 logistics partners 119 7000 IT applications ca. 4000 22000 data servers 19000 Ca. 300 data centers 88 3bn$ cost savings over first 2 years Massive pressure on manufacturing partners Source: HP company information
  9. 9. The crisis of the Silicon Valley Model 硅谷模式的危机(2001 ff.) Rapid innovation results in over-capacities in keyproduct markets (e.g. PC) 飞速的创新导致关键产品市场生产能力过剩(比如,个人电脑) CM companies as ―regulators‖ of global over-capacities 合同制造企业成为全球生产能力过剩的“调节器” Massive plant closures and job cuts 大规模关闭工厂以及裁员 The shift of manufacturing to China 制造业向中国转移
  10. 10. 2.Global Production Networks and Work 全球生产网络与工作 Is Fordism coming back? 福特制回来了吗?
  11. 11. Vertical re-integration „at the bottom― “在底端”的垂直化重新整合
  12. 12. Global locations Flextronics International, 2000 2000年伟创力的全球布局
  13. 13. 联系我们 | 企业文化 | 人才招聘 | 网站导航 | 合作伙伴Copyright © 1998 - 2003 foxconn. All Rights Reserved.
  14. 14. ―The forbidden city of Terry Guo‖ ―郭台铭的紫禁城” (Source: The Wall Street Journal)
  15. 15. Flexible mass production regime South China  State-of-the-art working conditions and technology  Low wages, mostly hourly, long working hours  High wage differentials operator vs. specialized workers, mgmt  High degree of Taylorist segmentation  Line workers migrant women workers (dagongmei)  Recruitment through labor agencies in rural areas in inner China Low-end ―corporate welfare state―: dormitories, entertainment activities  Regulation of migration problems through dormitory system  Relatively strong labor laws – no enforcement  Trade Unions as part of management and ―Corp Soc Responsibility‖
  16. 16. 3.Labor standards, innovation, and global regulation劳工标准、创新、以及全球规制 Policy alternatives beyond Neo- Liberalism 超越新自由主义的政策选择
  17. 17. New dynamics of industrial development 产业发展的新动态• Vertical Specialization at the top drives vertical re- integration from below 顶端的垂直专业化推动从下面开始的垂直化重新整合• Rapid industrial upgrading in emerging economies 在新兴经济中飞速的产业升级• But: cluster effects mostly between multinationals – little impact on indigenous suppliers 然而:集群效应通常存在于跨国公司之间——并没给本土 供应商带来多大影响• Work and labor standards the weakest link 工作与劳工标准是最薄弱的环节
  18. 18. Emerging economies 新兴经济• Vertical re-integration – but market cycles and profits under control of global brands 垂直化重新整合——但市场周期和利润处于全球品牌 商控制之下• Qualitative upgrading and cross-linkages with local supply and design firms? 质的提升,以及本土供应和设计企业之间交互链接• Chinese multinationals as drivers for re- integration of local value chains (e.g. Huawei, ZTE, Konka)? 中国跨国公司作为本土价值链重新整 合的驱动者(比如,华为、中兴通讯、康佳)• Control of labor standards and enforcement of labor laws! 劳工标准的控制以及劳动法的执行
  19. 19. Global policies 全球政策• Protectionism is no answer 保护主义不是答案• Developing sustainable models of technology and consumption (e.g. electronic waste) 发展可持续的科技和消费模式(比如,电子垃圾)• Instead of „Corporate Responsibility―: Control of brands concerning labor and environmental standards 取代“企业社会责任”:在劳工与环境标志方面控制 品牌商
  20. 20. Labor standards and production politics 劳工标准与生产政治• Control of labor standards from below: labor laws, active trade unions, collective bargaining, industry- wide wage standards 自下而上地控制劳工标准:劳动法、活跃的工会、集体谈 判、行业级工资标准• Global benchmarking of „decent work― “体面劳动”的全球基准评价• Assembly: Teamwork and workers’ control instead of Neo-Taylorism 组装:团队合作与工人的控制,而非新泰勒制
  21. 21. „Trust is good, control is better― ―信任是好的,而控制更好”• Re-Regulation of key product markets and networks (e.g. mobile phones) 对关键产品市场和网络进行重新规制(比如,手机)• Strict control of electronic waste (EU and Chinese guidelines vs. U.S.) 严格控制电子垃圾(欧盟、中国准则与美国)• Use popular know-how in recycling 在回收时运用普及的知识• Next step: labor standards as criteria of product certification 下一步:劳工标准作为产品认证的基准
  22. 22. 谢谢!

×