Civilization of Singapore Submitted by: Tsinee Frances L. Cang Submitted to: Sir Rhoneil Vibora
History Singapore was known as Temasek, whichwas then governed by Malaysia. Sir StamfordRaffles then got the governance of Singaporefrom the rightful Malaysian Sultan Hussein, anddeveloped Singapore into an important port inthe trade between China and India. During World War 2, Singapore fell to theJapanese for two and a half years. It was thenknown as Syonan-to . After WW2, Singapore attempted tobreak free from British colonization, as manywere unhappy with the British for being unableto protect Singapore. Singapore first achievedself internal governance and then the Britishgave up the external governance in terms ofarmy etc later on.
Singapore then went on to become a state of Malaysia, the new name of the former Malaya.Singapore achieved independence in 1965, after it broke out of Malaysia.
Where is Singapore? Singapore, also known as the Republic ofSingapore, is located in Southeast Asia. South ofWest of Malaysia, South Of Java of Indonesiaand East of Sumatra of Indonesia. It is an islandstate at the Southern tip of the MalaysiaPeninsula. It is one of the few remaining city-statesin the world and the smallest country inSoutheast Asia. It is a country of approximately 4 millionpeople, governed by a party named PAP(Peoples Action Party) which took over theSingapore government in 1965.
Why is Singapore named Singapore? It was rumored that the prince of acivilization in Jakarta came to Singapore to seekto expand his area of governance. When he firstlanded on this island, he saw a huge creaturewhich resembles a lion. Hence, he named theisland "Singapura", which in Malay translatesinto "Lion City". Singapore is simply derived from theMalay word "Singapura".
Religion Singapore is a multi-religiouscountry, the roots of which can be traced to itsstrategic location; after its declaration as aport, a wide variety of nationalities andethnicities from places as faras Arabia immigrated to Singapore. 33% ofSingaporeans adhere to Buddhism, the mainfaith of the Chinese population of Singapore.Other Chinese are followersof Taoism(11%), Confucianism, and Christianity.Christians constitute about 18% of thepopulation of Singapore. Most Malaysare Muslims, who constitute about 15% of thepopulation, while most Indiansare Hindus, constituting 5%.
There is also a sizable number ofMuslims and Sikhs in the Indian population. As aresult of this diversity, there are a large number of religious buildingsincluding Hindu temples, churches and mosque s, some of which have great historical significance. There are also some Sikh temples and Jewish synagogues. These interestingbuildings often became prominent architectural landmarks in cosmopolitan Singapore. In addition, about 17% of Singaporeans do notbelong to any religion and consider themselves as free-thinkers.